Alumni Dissertations and Theses

 
 

Alumni Dissertations and Theses

Filter Dissertations and Theses By:

 
 
  • Revisión y transgresión del canon literario puertorriqueño: La obra de Manuel Ramos Otero

    Author:
    Marta Perez
    Year of Dissertation:
    2012
    Program:
    Hispanic & Luso Brazilian Literatures & Languages
    Advisor:
    Elena Martínez
    Abstract:

    Abstract Revisión y transgresión del canon literario puertorriqueño: La obra de Manuel Ramos Otero by Marta Isabel Pérez Adviser: Professor Elena M. Martínez This dissertation examines how the work of the late Puerto Rican writer Manuel Ramos Otero (1942-1990), questions and confronts the literary canon of Puerto Rico. In this dissertation, I study Ramos Otero's writing strategies and transgressive themes that function to revise and challenge traditional and fixed ideas. These anti-canonical themes are expressed by including the experiences of a variety of subjects who live in the margins of society. These abject subjects are often homosexuals. The first chapter discusses the writing strategies that Ramos Otero uses in order to confront and question the Puerto Rican literary canon. Some of these methods include metafiction, which creates a narrative that is self-reflective of the act of writing itself, the use of a non-traditional syntax and the hybridization of genres. In the second chapter, I study the development of a collective voice, which begins from a place of isolation and loneliness, often experienced by emigrants. Additionally, I study the idea of nation in concert with some of the ideas posited by Homi Bhabha. The third chapter is an analysis of Manuel Ramos Otero's two poetry collections titled,El libro de la muerte and Invitación al polvo. In this chapter, I concentrate on the theme of death and its relevance to the time period in which the author composes the poems. In particular, in the second collection titled Invitación al polvo, the biographical component serves to develop a sense of criticism of a society who rejected those suffering from AIDS. The influence of Manuel Ramos Otero is manifold. Some of the themes he developed include: the humanization of the abject subject and the denunciation of the indifference of society towards the AIDS epidemic. All of these strategies have served as a bridge between the preceding and younger generations of writers in Puerto Rico.

  • Eugenio Noel, Joaquín Costa and the Regenerationism Movement in Spain

    Author:
    Thomas Piro
    Year of Dissertation:
    2012
    Program:
    Hispanic & Luso Brazilian Literatures & Languages
    Advisor:
    Nuria Morgado
    Abstract:

    Abstract Eugenio Noel, Joaquín Costa and the Regenerationism Movement in Spain by Thomas R. Piro Adviser: Professor Nuria Morgado This research will present select narrative works of the twentieth century Spanish author Eugenio Noel and discuss them within the context of the regenerationism movement. Often viewed as a descendant of the members of the generation of '98, Noel is frequently aligned with this intellectual group; however, Noel himself has clearly expressed disassociation from them and placed himself within the circle of writers known as the novecentistas. Often undervalued by critics, his work nevertheless represents originality of both style and expression. Noel adopted a bohemian lifestyle and centered his ideology primarily on the related issues of antitaurismo and antiflamenquismo seeing within them the root causes for the decline of Spain before and after el desastre de '98. Noel was very much aligned to the regenerationism of Joaquín Costa and based his campaign for changes in his homeland on the latter's ideology. Noel worked tirelessly to help the Spanish people reclaim el alma de la raza. His crusade took him on endless travels throughout Spain and the Americas where he gave many conferences and spoke not only against flamenquismo and taurismo, but also about other social issues. He extolled the proud history and accomplishments of the Spanish people and created a formidable body of literature, which addressed themes that were prominent among regenerationist thinkers. Noel professed himself to be un hombre de acción and his plan for moving the country forward was to engage in an anthropological/ethnographic and rhetorical campaign to understand the people and subsequently assist them in rediscovering and reclaiming the proud heritage of the Spanish nation and its citizens. The present research will discuss both the historical and social contexts to which Noel reacted as well as the specific regenerationist platforms of Joaquín Costa, Lucas Mallada and Ricardo Macías Picavea. Noel's unique literary style will be examined via an analysis of selected works and his alignment with the regenerationism movement will be established.

  • La Alpujarra de P. A. de Alarcon, a critical edition

    Author:
    Eladia Raya
    Year of Dissertation:
    2009
    Program:
    Hispanic & Luso Brazilian Literatures & Languages
    Advisor:
    William Sherzer
    Abstract:

    This dissertation is a critical edition of a travel book published by one of nineteenth-century Spain's most prominent authors. La Alpujarra is the last of the three well-known travel books authored by Pedro Antonio de Alarcón, and it is considered his most important. La Alpujarra was first published in 1874, and it was edited by the author himself for its second edition in 1882. The purpose of my dissertation is to compare and contrast both editions. To accomplish this goal,I have documented all the variations in the 1882 edition, using textual notes that appear as endnotes in my critical edition. These variations appear at the end of the text in the section "Aparato crítico." In addition to textual notes, I have added explicatory notes in the form of footnotes. Some of the explicatory notes are further explained in the complementary notes at the conclusion of the author's text. The first part of my dissertation consists of a preliminary study divided into four chapters. The first chapter presents a brief biography of the author, highlighting the most important aspects of his life and his literary career. The second chapter deals with the topic of European travelers and travel books in nineteen-century Spain; and more specifically, in the region known as la Alpujarra, and the city of Granada, the capital of the old Kingdom of Granada, in Andalusia. European romantics favored both sites as the object of their attention, inasmuch as these locales represented the exotic ideal, the stereotypical so-called, "Spanish Orientalism." The third chapter deals with the creation of the myths and legends based on the history and peculiar geographical features of this region, as portrayed in literary works from the seventeenth to the nineteenth century. Chapter four offers a literary analysis of La Alpujarra: its structure and literary style; and acknowledges Alarcón's literary viewpoint, and his perceptions of the region: its landscape, history and people.

  • La Alpujarra de P. A. de Alarcon, a critical edition

    Author:
    Eladia Raya
    Year of Dissertation:
    2009
    Program:
    Hispanic & Luso Brazilian Literatures & Languages
    Advisor:
    William Sherzer
    Abstract:

    This dissertation is a critical edition of a travel book published by one of nineteenth-century Spain's most prominent authors. La Alpujarra is the last of the three well-known travel books authored by Pedro Antonio de Alarcón, and it is considered his most important. La Alpujarra was first published in 1874, and it was edited by the author himself for its second edition in 1882. The purpose of my dissertation is to compare and contrast both editions. To accomplish this goal,I have documented all the variations in the 1882 edition, using textual notes that appear as endnotes in my critical edition. These variations appear at the end of the text in the section "Aparato crítico." In addition to textual notes, I have added explicatory notes in the form of footnotes. Some of the explicatory notes are further explained in the complementary notes at the conclusion of the author's text. The first part of my dissertation consists of a preliminary study divided into four chapters. The first chapter presents a brief biography of the author, highlighting the most important aspects of his life and his literary career. The second chapter deals with the topic of European travelers and travel books in nineteen-century Spain; and more specifically, in the region known as la Alpujarra, and the city of Granada, the capital of the old Kingdom of Granada, in Andalusia. European romantics favored both sites as the object of their attention, inasmuch as these locales represented the exotic ideal, the stereotypical so-called, "Spanish Orientalism." The third chapter deals with the creation of the myths and legends based on the history and peculiar geographical features of this region, as portrayed in literary works from the seventeenth to the nineteenth century. Chapter four offers a literary analysis of La Alpujarra: its structure and literary style; and acknowledges Alarcón's literary viewpoint, and his perceptions of the region: its landscape, history and people.

  • Masculinidades y transgresiones en la obra de Mayra Santos Febres

    Author:
    Marilyn Rivera
    Year of Dissertation:
    2013
    Program:
    Hispanic & Luso Brazilian Literatures & Languages
    Advisor:
    Elena Martínez
    Abstract:

    In Masculinidades y transgresiones en la obra de Mayra Santos Febres, I study how contemporary Puerto Rican writer, Santos Febres, undermines the hegemonic masculinity in her novels, short stories, and poetry. Feminism and gender theories are used to explore this topic as well as major works within Masculinities Studies. I examine the social construction of masculine identity in the context of Puerto Rico taking into consideration ethnicity and social class specifically. This project consists of five parts: an introduction, three chapters, and a conclusion. In the first chapter, an overview is provided on the concepts of gender, sex, masculinities and hegemonic masculinity. I then focus on the elements of race, power, and colonialism as part of the theoretical frame, as these are connected to the hegemonic stance. At the end of this chapter, I discuss the works of scholars who study masculinity in Puerto Rico and interconnect their ideas with others from different parts of the world (Spain, Australia, Latin America, United States, etc). The other remaining chapters are reserved for the critical analysis of Santos Febres' books. As part of this analysis, I study certain characters and how they are depicted paying close attention to those who, in one way or another, represent the hegemonic masculinity, and those who undermine the normative by finding new ways to express their masculinities without being violent or dominant. In chapter two, there is more attention to ethnicity, sexuality and social class and how these aspects are used within the social context to define the norm and marginalize some people. Finally, the third chapter focuses on the acquisition of male identity. Here, I pay attention to institutions and social agencies such as the family and the State to identify how a specific model of masculinity is produced and reinforced by the society. Through this research, I hope to show that Santos Febres' work represents a transgression to the hegemonic model by portraying other ways to be a man, and by exploring the social construction of gender.

  • Técnicas y estrategias del cuento histórico hispanoamericano desde 1970

    Author:
    Daniel Rivera
    Year of Dissertation:
    2009
    Program:
    Hispanic & Luso Brazilian Literatures & Languages
    Advisor:
    Malva Filer
    Abstract:

    Abstract Técnicas y estrategias del cuento histórico hispanoamericano desde 1970 By Daniel R. Rivera This dissertation explores the development of the historical short story in Spanish America since 1970. The selection includes short stories from the Colonial period to the dictatorship period in Argentina which began in 1976. The countries of the writers include Argentina (Juan José Saer, Luisa Valenzuela), Colombia (Gabriel García Márquez), Cuba (Antonio Benítez Rojo), Uruguay (Mario Benedetti, Eduardo Galeano) and Puerto Rico (Luis López Nieves, Ana Lydia Vega). The purpose of the dissertation is to show that the genre of the short story could be used in the same way as the Spanish American historical novel to create stories about a variety of historical moments and events, despite the limitations of the short story. To analyze the stories, this project work utilizes criticism from Latin America, United States and Europe. The dissertation also focuses on the variety of approaches, techniques and strategies that the writers employ in their works. Through the use of material from histories books, novels, oral testimony mixed with their own invention, the writers create well- structured short stories to present a period of time, a character and a plot.

  • Técnicas y estrategias del cuento histórico hispanoamericano desde 1970

    Author:
    Daniel Rivera
    Year of Dissertation:
    2009
    Program:
    Hispanic & Luso Brazilian Literatures & Languages
    Advisor:
    Malva Filer
    Abstract:

    Abstract Técnicas y estrategias del cuento histórico hispanoamericano desde 1970 By Daniel R. Rivera This dissertation explores the development of the historical short story in Spanish America since 1970. The selection includes short stories from the Colonial period to the dictatorship period in Argentina which began in 1976. The countries of the writers include Argentina (Juan José Saer, Luisa Valenzuela), Colombia (Gabriel García Márquez), Cuba (Antonio Benítez Rojo), Uruguay (Mario Benedetti, Eduardo Galeano) and Puerto Rico (Luis López Nieves, Ana Lydia Vega). The purpose of the dissertation is to show that the genre of the short story could be used in the same way as the Spanish American historical novel to create stories about a variety of historical moments and events, despite the limitations of the short story. To analyze the stories, this project work utilizes criticism from Latin America, United States and Europe. The dissertation also focuses on the variety of approaches, techniques and strategies that the writers employ in their works. Through the use of material from histories books, novels, oral testimony mixed with their own invention, the writers create well- structured short stories to present a period of time, a character and a plot.

  • La construcción de un teatro nacional republicano: la Segunda República y el teatro clásico español

    Author:
    David Rodriguez-Solas
    Year of Dissertation:
    2009
    Program:
    Hispanic & Luso Brazilian Literatures & Languages
    Advisor:
    Lía Schwartz
    Abstract:

    This dissertation explores the use of a Spanish theatrical tradition in the process of building a national identity during the 1930s. In four chapters I analyze the role of culture in the configuration of collective identities. I begin my query by studying the role of cultural agents in the reorganization of the perception and reproduction schemes regarding Spain's history and culture. In my second chapter, I examine two of the projects sponsored by the Republican Government to foster Spanish classical theatre. Misiones Pedagógicas and La Barraca were two traveling theatre groups that toured Spain's villages and towns presenting a theatrical repertoire aimed at social agency. Chapter three explores the production and reproduction of the nation-building by means of creating a National Theatre. The last chapter focuses on the reinterpretation of Lope de Vega that followed the commemoration, in 1935, of the third centennial of his death, as said commemoration included competing conservative and liberal readings of his plays and the theatrical canon. In my research I argue Spanish classical theatre had a central role in the configuration of the new Republican state.

  • La construcción de un teatro nacional republicano: la Segunda República y el teatro clásico español

    Author:
    David Rodriguez-Solas
    Year of Dissertation:
    2009
    Program:
    Hispanic & Luso Brazilian Literatures & Languages
    Advisor:
    Lía Schwartz
    Abstract:

    This dissertation explores the use of a Spanish theatrical tradition in the process of building a national identity during the 1930s. In four chapters I analyze the role of culture in the configuration of collective identities. I begin my query by studying the role of cultural agents in the reorganization of the perception and reproduction schemes regarding Spain's history and culture. In my second chapter, I examine two of the projects sponsored by the Republican Government to foster Spanish classical theatre. Misiones Pedagógicas and La Barraca were two traveling theatre groups that toured Spain's villages and towns presenting a theatrical repertoire aimed at social agency. Chapter three explores the production and reproduction of the nation-building by means of creating a National Theatre. The last chapter focuses on the reinterpretation of Lope de Vega that followed the commemoration, in 1935, of the third centennial of his death, as said commemoration included competing conservative and liberal readings of his plays and the theatrical canon. In my research I argue Spanish classical theatre had a central role in the configuration of the new Republican state.

  • The Degree of Certainty System in Written Spanish in Mexico

    Author:
    Jaseleen Ruggles
    Year of Dissertation:
    2014
    Program:
    Hispanic & Luso Brazilian Literatures & Languages
    Advisor:
    Ricardo Otheguy
    Abstract:

    Practitioners in threat assessment have considered direct threats as being high-level threats of future violence (O'Toole 2000: 9), but empirical studies testing the predictive validity of direct threats have contradicted this intuition (Dietz, Matthews, Martell et al. 1991; Smith 2006). Studies that include analyses of the deployment of English verbal roots (such as kill, hurt, etc.) have failed to show significant correlations between lexical choices and the occurrence of realized outcomes (Dietz, Matthews, Martell et al. 1991; Scalora, Baumgartner, Zimmerman et al. 2002a: 1360; Scalora, Baumgartner, Zimmerman 2002b: 46, Smith 2006). This analysis focused on inflectional affixes, rather than on lexical stems and aimed to uncover how formal choices made in specific acts of language use could predict the likelihood of realization of violent acts. Offender writings containing verb forms under study were collected from 201 crime scenes. A total of 169 were cases of single homicide.