Degrees/Diplomas: Ph.D. Brown University
Campus Affiliation: Bronx Community College
Research Interests: History of France
Liberalism and Social Reform: Industrial Growth and Progressiste Politics in France, 1880-1914 (Greenwood Press, 1996).
Merchants and Capitalists: Industrialization and Provincial Politics in Mid-Nineteenth Century France (University of Alabama Press,1985).
"Liberalism in the Empire of Iron: Francois de Wendel in IndustrialLorraine, 1900-1914," Le Mouvement Social, (Paris), (Winter, 1995)
"Adapt for Perish: French Industry in Economic Crisis, 1880-1914," Private Enterprise During Economic Crises: Tactics and Strategies, Pierre Lanthier and Hubert Watelet, eds., (LEGAS, 1997)