To achieve the doctorate in Biology, students must:
1. Demonstrate both broad and specialized knowledge in the chosen biology subprogram, including the ability to:
A) read and critically evaluate the research literature
B) explain the experimental, observational, and/or analytical bases for current theories
C) design an approach to address a major unresolved research problem
2. Make a substantial and original contribution to the field. In most cases, this will include publication of one or more first-author papers in peer-reviewed journals, in addition to preparation of a dissertation.
3. Organize, format, and present data effectively in both written and oral form, display applicable computational and quantitative skills, and demonstrate excellence in teaching.
4. Interact effectively and collegially with others in the field and conform to the fundamentals of ethical research conduct.