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Handbook

Handbook

THE GRADUATE SCHOOL AND UNIVERSITY CENTER
THE CITY UNIVERSITY OF NEW YORK

Ph.D. Program in Hispanic and Luso-Brazilian Literatures and Languages

(Revised and approved by HLBLL’s Executive Committee in May 2014)

 This Handbook supplements the current Bulletin of the Graduate Center, the current Student Handbook, and the Announcement of Courses. All policies and requirements described in this Handbook apply to all students in the Ph.D. Program in Hispanic and Luso-Brazilian Literatures and Languages and are effective immediately. Request for exemption from any requirement must be made in writing to the Executive Officer of the program.

This Handbook will be revised periodically to incorporate changes made in program policy. Proposals for policy change by students or faculty should be submitted in writing to the appropriate committee for discussion. Approval or disapproval of policy change is determined by a majority vote of the members of the Executive Committee.

Students are responsible for informing themselves about the program policies and requirements contained in this Handbook. It is advised that students ask periodically at the Program Office for the most recent issue of the Handbook describing the latest changes that have been made.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

I. General Information

II. Financial Aid

III. Advising System

IV. Transfer of Credits

V. Program of Study

VI. Language requirement

VII. First examination

VIII. First examination - failures

IX. Second examination

X. Second examination – failures

XI. Courses

XII. Master's degree en route

XIII. Incomplete grades

XIV. Dissertation

XV. Leave of Absence and Maintaining Matriculation

XVI. Student Representatives

XVII. Committees

I. GENERAL INFORMATION

a. The Program

Our program is part of The Graduate Center, a unique institution devoted primarily to doctoral studies. The Graduate Center is committed to original and innovative research and offers a vibrant program of public events that, as its mission statement indicates, "draws upon and contributes to the complex communities of New York City and beyond." We in HLBLL are major contributors to our institutional mission. Our faculty specializes in a vast range of geographical areas, historical periods, and theoretical approaches to Iberian and Latin American cultural, linguistic, and literary studies. HLBLL’s interests cover various fields including the politics of literary and cultural production, visual culture in Spain and Latin America, the sociolinguistics and politics of Spanish, and critical edition of texts.

b. Resources for Training and Research
Graduate Center Fellows teach undergraduate Spanish language courses and have the option of teaching additional courses as Adjunct Lecturers in the various Senior and Community Colleges of the City University of New York. The Graduate Center’s Institute for Language Education in Transcultural Context (ILETC) conducts a yearly workshop on language teaching that all Fellows must take during their first year in the doctoral program. Teaching is also supervised and monitored in the language department of each campus.

Students in the Program take full advantage of the vast resources provided by the research facilities of both CUNY's library system and the public and private libraries of New York City. Students can borrow and return books at any CUNY college. In addition to the Mina Rees Library at The Graduate Center and the significant collection of books (over six million) and journals in the libraries of the senior colleges, they also have access to the holdings of the library of the Instituto Cervantes, located at 211 East 49th Street, The New York Public Library, the Morgan Library, and The Hispanic Society of America, a unique private institution that for its rich collection of manuscripts, incunabula, and rare books can be compared only to the best National Libraries and Historical Archives of Spain.

c. Program and Student Activities

Throughout the academic year, the program sponsors colloquia, symposia and lecture series that bring to The Graduate Center internationally recognized scholars, writers and artists. Other cultural activities are frequently co-sponsored with Instituto Cervantes, Instituto de Cultura Mexicana, The General Consulate of Spain in New York, The Consulate of Argentina, the University of Valladolid, and other doctoral and certificate programs at The Graduate Center.

Over the years, our program has signed numerous collaboration agreements with foreign institutions. The Center for Galician Studies, established in 1985 as an agreement with the Xunta de Galicia´s Secretaría Xeral de Política Lingüística, has allowed some of our students to study in Santiago de Compostela and to take seminars in our program on Galician culture. In 2003 we signed an agreement with the Junta de Castilla y León and the University of Valladolid for the creation of the Miguel Delibes Chair to promote the study of contemporary Spanish literature and culture. This chair supports the publication of an academic journal, SIGLO XXI. Literatura y cultura españolas, co-edited by specialists of both institutions. Another agreement was signed with Institut Ramon Llull for the creation of the Mercè Rodoreda Chair, which sponsors one yearly seminar on Catalan culture and literature,  one on the sociolinguistics of Catalonia, and some cultural activities Agreements have also been signed with Portugal´s Instituto Camões to promote the teaching of Portuguese Literature and with the Basque Country´s Etxepare Institute to create the Bernardo Atxaga Chair in Basque Literature and Language. Our Program has also signed agreements with the Fundación Duques de Soria and the Hispanic Society of America for the development of a series of special seminars in textual criticism, which started in the Fall of 2002.

Students in the Program organize a yearly International Student Conference at the Graduate Center. These meetings have attracted doctoral students from American as well as European and Latin American universities. Since the year 2006 our students also edit the electronic LL Journal, in which important articles on Hispanic and Luso-Brazilian literatures, cultures and linguistics have been published. This refereed journal, which is listed in the MLA bibliography and the Library of Congress, has been highly praised for the quality of the articles accepted for publication, which explains its successful reception in this country and abroad.

II. FINANCIAL AID

Visit The Graduate Center’s information on fellowships and grants:

http://www.gc.cuny.edu/Prospective-Current-Students/Current-Students/Financial-Assistance/Fellowships-and-Grants

III. ADVISING SYSTEM

The Executive Officer and the Deputy Executive Officer serve as advisers to all level I students. Upon reaching level II, the Executive Officer will pair each student with an adviser who will assist them with the preparation of the Second Examination and with professional development. There should be at least one consultation conference between student and adviser and one between student and EO per semester.

IV. TRANSFER OF CREDITS

Transfer students must file a written request within the first year at The Graduate Center to the Executive Officer, specifying those courses for which they wish to transfer credit. They must include all supporting material such as transcripts and course descriptions. The Executive Officer will make the appropriate recommendation to the Registrar. A maximum of 30 credits can be transferred from another institution.

V. PROGRAM OF STUDY

A minimum of 60 credits beyond the bachelor’s degree are required for the Doctor of Philosophy of which a maximum of 30 can be transferred from another institution.
For the courses and seminars to count towards the Ph.D. students must obtain a grade of B or higher.

All students must take the following courses:

·    Hispanic Critical and Cultural Theory
·    Spanish as an Object of Historical Inquiry.

Students enrolled in the cultural and literary studies track must take
·    one course or seminar in each of the following areas:

Ø    Colonial Latin American literature
Ø    Contemporary Latin American literature
Ø    Early Modern Spanish or Portuguese Literature
Ø    Contemporary Iberian literature.

Students enrolled in the Hispanic linguistics track must take

·    Fundamentals of Hispanic Linguistics
·    Spanish in Social Context.

All students must follow a course of study approved by the Executive Officer.

VI. LANGUAGE REQUIREMENT

Foreign Language. Any two of the following languages are required: French, German, Italian, Latin, or Portuguese. Any other language with relevance to the student’s doctoral work may be approved by the Executive Officer. Proficiency may be demonstrated by passing a written test given by the program or by completing two semesters of a reading course offered by the City University of New York and approved by the Executive Officer.

VII. FIRST EXAMINATION

One out of the four sections of the First Examination must be written in English.
Hispanic Linguistics Track

The First Examination is designed to help students acquire foundational knowledge of the objects and theoretical frameworks that define a set of four specific areas of linguistics (linguistic history, phonology, sociolinguistics and syntax) and their applicability to the study of Spanish. A list of topics for each area and a recommended bibliography are provided to students upon entering the program.

In preparing the First Examination, students should keep in mind that their answers to the exam questions must offer precise definitions of the relevant theoretical concepts and develop coherent arguments that show how they apply to the analysis of specific data and linguistic objects of various kinds.

Hispanic Cultural and Literary Studies Track

Before completing more than 45 credits, students will be required to pass a written examination. The First Examination is given in Spanish and tests students’ ability to produce analyses of selected major works from different periods in the fields of Iberian and Latin American Literatures. Students must also show that they are capable of engaging in a critical dialogue with existing criticism on those same texts.

A list of 16 works selected by the Annual Examination Committee (8 in Peninsular and 8 in Latin American Literature, each accompanied by a list of secondary sources) will be made available no later than six months before the date set for the examination. The examination will consist of two parts: 1) Peninsular Literature and 2) Latin American. The examination in Peninsular Literature will be divided into four sections: 1. Medieval, 2. Renaissance and Baroque, 3. Eighteenth and Nineteenth Century, 4. Twentieth and Twenty First Century. Latin American Literature will be divided into four sections: 1. Colonial, 2. Nineteenth Century, 3. From Modernismo to Avant-garde, 4. Twenty and Twenty First centuries

VIII. FIRST EXAMINATION – FAILURES

a. A student who fails either or both parts of the First Examination or a section of either part (Peninsular and/or Latin American Literature) must repeat the part(s)/section(s) the following semester; failure to do so may result in dismissal from the program.

b. A student who fails either or both parts of the First Examination a second time will be dismissed from the program. (See the Student Handbook for appeal procedures.)

IX. SECOND EXAMINATION

Hispanic linguistics track

The Second Examination has a written and an oral component. In consultation with a committee of three faculty members from HLBLL appointed by the Executive Officer, each student must

·    identify two areas of concentration,
·    prepare an annotated bibliography for each, and
·    write an original research paper related to one or both areas.

Possible areas of concentration include but are not limited to the socio-political history of Spanish; language policy and planning in Latin America, Spain and/or the U.S.; linguistic ideologies in the Spanish-speaking world; the pragmatics of Spanish; intercultural communication; variationist sociolinguistics and Spanish in the U.S.; Columbia School and the syntax of Spanish.

Ø    Each annotated bibliography will consist of approximately 50 articles and book chapters (full books may be included and their equivalency to number of articles must be approved by the exam committee chair).

Ø    Individual entries must consist of a brief summary of the article or chapter’s goals and conclusions. The recommended length for each entry is 300 words (longer when annotating book-length texts).

Ø    Each bibliography must be preceded by a brief essay describing the area and justifying the selection of articles, book chapters, and books. The description of each area must include a precise identification of the objects of study, the preferred methods used within the field, and the theoretical framework that informs the existing approaches to said field. Each essay must have approximately 1500 words.

Ø    The research paper must contain a clear statement of the project’s position within the field, a review of the relevant literature, a well-organized presentation of the collected data, a coherent analysis, and a conclusion that highlights the project’s original contribution. The paper must have approximately 7000 words.

Ø    The oral exam will consist of a 30-minute presentation by the student based on the research paper. The presentation will be followed by questions from committee members that may refer to all components of the exam (research paper and annotated bibliographies).

Bibliographies and paper must be handed to all committee members at least twenty one days before the date of the oral exam.

Cultural and literary studies track

After completing a minimum of 60 credits and fulfilling all other requirements, students must pass a second written examination. The examination will revolve around four areas:

·    Primary Area: it will be selected from one of the eight major areas listed below. This area will include all genres. The reading lists are available in HLBLL’s web page.

·    Secondary Area: it will be selected from the eight major areas listed below and should relate coherently to the primary and concentration areas. This area will include all genres. The reading lists are available in HLBLL’s web page.

·    Concentration Area: it should be closely related to the major area and selected according to each student’s research interests. This area may be defined by genre, movement, or topic, and must incorporate a unifying critical or theoretical perspective (see Critical/Theoretical Area below). The examination will be based on a list of at least 25 books or an equivalent number of texts to be selected by the student and the Chair of the Examination Committee. There can be no overlap between the readings included in the primary/secondary area lists and those included in the concentration area list.

·    Critical/Theoretical Area: it must relate coherently to the other areas. The examination will be based on a list of at least 25 books or an equivalent number of texts to be selected by the student and the Chair of the Examination Committee.

The eight major areas are (the reading lists for all eight major areas are posted in the program’s web page): Medieval; Renacimiento y Barroco; España: Siglos XVIII y XIX; España: Siglos XX y XXI; Colonial; Latinoamérica: Siglo XIX; Latinoamérica: De Modernismo a Vanguardia; Latinoamérica: Siglo XX.

Each student’s Examination Committee will consist of three faculty members appointed by the Executive Officer in consultation with the student. Ultimately, approval of the areas selected and reading lists will rest on each student's Examination Committee.

The Second Examination is composed of an on-site exam taken at the Graduate Center (based on the reading lists for the Primary and Secondary areas), and a take-home essay (based on the reading lists for the Concentration and the Critical/Theoretical areas). The on-site exam will be given typically one week before the beginning of each semester. In the morning, students will answer two of four questions on one of the first two areas (Primary or Secondary) (3 hours); in the afternoon, they will answer two of four questions on the remaining area (3 hours).

Ø    Students must bear in mind that their answers for the on-site questions must demonstrate specialized knowledge of the area being tested, and a clear command of the content and structure of the primary texts, as well as their historical, literary, and critical contexts. Answers must also show that the student is able to produce logical analyses of the texts and to relate their analyses to a coherent theoretical framework.

On the same day, students will be given two essay questions based on the reading lists for the Concentration and Critical/Theoretical areas. Students will select one and write an essay of approximately 3500 words (not including the works cited that must be included at the end of the essay). Each student will personally hand-deliver a printed copy of the essay within 72 hours of receiving the questions.

Ø    The essay must demonstrate that the student is capable of producing a coherent academic paper that includes the identification of a research topic, a clearly defined thesis statement, a well-organized review of relevant literature, a problematization of said literature, and a theoretically informed argument that productively engages this problematization in order to develop, support and substantiate the initial thesis statement.
No student with incompletes and/or less than a B average will be permitted to take the Second Examination.
Students will be advanced to candidacy after passing the Second Examination.

X. SECOND EXAMINATION – FAILURES

a. A student who fails any part of the Second Examination must repeat the part(s) within a year's time; failure to do so may result in dismissal from the program.

b. A student who fails either or both parts of the Second Examination a second time will be dismissed from the program. (See the Student Handbook for appeal procedures.)

XI. COURSES

The final decision on course offerings rests with the Executive Officer.

Students may earn up to ten per cent of the credits required (after credits transferred from other institutions have been factored in) outside HLBLL with the consent of the Executive Officer. If the course is to be taken in the Interuniversity Doctoral Consortium, students must also obtain the consent of the Vice President for Student Affairs at The Graduate Center, and divisional Dean at the host institution. Courses can be taken outside HLBLL provided that no equivalent course is offered by HLBLL. They must be closely related to the student’s intended area of concentration.

XII. MASTER'S DEGREE "EN ROUTE"

The en-route master's degree is awarded by a senior college to currently enrolled doctoral students who have fulfilled the following requirement: a minimum of 45 GPA credits with an average grade of "B" (courses taken for "P" credit ordinarily cannot be included), passing of the First Examination, satisfactory completion of a major research paper (50 pages), and any other requirements that may be established by the degree-granting college for an en-route master's degree. Applying students must abide by the deadline for filing established at each college. Further information may be obtained from the Registrar at the Graduate Center.

XIII. INCOMPLETE GRADES

a. The general regulation regarding incomplete grades as stated in the Student Handbook will be observed: "To resolve incomplete grades, students must fulfill their obligations within one calendar year after completion of the course. After one year an incomplete (INC) will be automatically transformed into an INP (permanent incomplete); extensions will be granted only in exceptional circumstances upon written application and with the permission of the faculty member, the Executive Officer, and the Vice President for Student Affairs. Permanent incompletes will accrue no credit. Incomplete grades cannot be changed to letter grades after a student has been advanced to candidacy and has been moved to Level III. Students with more than two incompletes will be brought to the attention of the Executive Officer who will determine whether they are making satisfactory progress. Students will not normally be regarded as making satisfactory progress toward their degrees if they have more than two INCs on their record" (p.65). (See the Student Handbook, p. 65, for more information on incomplete grades and standards for retention).

b. Once a student has fulfilled the requirements to remove a grade of Incomplete the professor should file the grade within that semester.

c. It is strongly recommended that students with two incomplete grades during one semester register for no more than two courses in the following semester. Those with more than two incompletes may not be permitted to register for any courses in the following semester.

XIV. DISSERTATION

a. Dissertation Guidelines

1. Within one semester after passing the Second Examination, the candidate must submit in writing to the Executive Officer for approval his/her dissertation topic, the name of the dissertation director, and the two readers of his/her Dissertation Committee. Students may choose to invite one or two additional readers. These additional readers should be either members of the CUNY doctoral faculty or from the faculty of an accredited institution of higher learning. They must be recognized authorities in the area of the candidate's specialization. In the event that the dissertation director or one or both readers must be changed, the Executive Officer will meet with the director and/or the reader as well as the student to discuss the changes.

2. Within one year after passing the Second Examination, the candidate must submit a dissertation proposal to the Dissertation Committee for approval. The written proposal, of at least 5000 words, must include a description of the topic, the methodology to be employed, the scholarly significance, the contribution to the field, and the feasibility of the project. A basic up-to-date bibliography of the topic following recent MLA guidelines will also be required. The proposal should be dated and signed by the dissertation director.

3. After writing the dissertation proposal, the candidate shall make an oral presentation of the written proposal before the Dissertation Committee for approval.

4. After the candidate's presentation and discussion of his or her dissertation proposal, the Dissertation Committee shall write a report to the Executive Officer stating the reason for the approval or rejection of the proposal.

5. During the period in which the candidate is completing the dissertation, no other candidate in the Ph.D. Program in Hispanic and Luso-Brazilian Literatures and Languages at CUNY will be assigned the same topic. Should it come to light that a dissertation on the same subject has been completed in another university before the candidate has finished his/her own work, the Dissertation Committee will determine whether the candidates dissertation will still be making a sufficient contribution to the study of the selected topic to warrant its continuation.

6. Upon completion of the dissertation and after approval by the Dissertation Committee, the candidate shall defend the dissertation in a public oral examination in Spanish.

7. The candidate's oral defense will consist of a presentation on the nature of the research and the results it has yielded, followed by a question period normally of one-hour duration. A majority vote of the Dissertation Committee will be required for the approval of the dissertation.

b. Dissertation Progress

1. In the event that the candidate is not making satisfactory progress, the dissertation director will report to the Executive Officer, who may either request that the candidate change the dissertation topic or drop the student from the program if the time limit has expired (16 terms).

2. The Executive Officer may recommend to the Vice President for Student Affairs that an extension beyond the time limit be granted to a candidate whose work is well advanced.

3. After the dissertation director has advised the candidate of needed revisions in each chapter, the candidate will submit a legible draft of the dissertation to the director for approval. It will then be submitted to the readers who will advise the student in writing of suggestions, reservations, and serious objections they may have regarding the work. The candidate and the dissertation director will then decide, before undertaking the final draft of the dissertation, how much of it should be altered to conform to the suggestions of the readers.

4. Upon approval of the members of the candidate's Dissertation Committee, the final draft of the dissertation will be prepared, and three copies will be submitted to the Dissertation Committee.

5. A date for the oral defense of the dissertation will be selected by the student in agreement with the Dissertation Committee, allowing at least a period of four weeks during which copies of the dissertation will be available for interested members of the doctoral faculty and students in the Hispanic and Luso-Brazilian Literatures and Languages Program.

XV. LEAVE OF ABSENCE AND MAINTAINING MATRICULATION

a. A student may request in writing to the Executive Officer a leave of absence for a maximum of one year. The Executive Officer will submit it for approval to the Office of the Registrar.

b. Requests for either an extension beyond the one-year period or a second leave should be presented in writing to the Executive Officer, who will submit it for approval to the Office of the Registrar. Students are allowed a maximum of 4 semesters of leave of absence.

c. A student on leave of absence is not entitled to the use of the library or any other Graduate Center facility.

d. The period of an authorized leave is not included within the time limit for completion of degree requirements.

e. A student who is not registered for courses and is not on an approved leave must pay the maintenance of matriculation fee as stipulated in the Bulletin or be withdrawn from the program.

f. The student is reminded that a semester in which matriculation is maintained will be included within the time limit for completion of the degree.

XVI. STUDENT REPRESENTATIVES

a. Students will be elected to serve as representatives to the Executive Committee, the Faculty Committee, the Curriculum Committee, the Admissions Committee, the Doctoral Students Council, and the Graduate Council.

b. All student representatives must have a serious and diligent attitude toward their role and are expected to represent the view of students even when these contradict their own.

c. All student representatives must be candidates in good academic standing.

d. Student representatives will serve on no more than two committees at one time.

e. Students may not be elected to the same committee for more than three consecutive years.

f. Representatives to the Executive Committee must have completed 45 credits and be in good academic standing.

XVII. COMMITTEES

a. All elections to all committees will be held no later than April 15th for the following academic year.

b. The committees of the Ph.D. Program in Hispanic and Luso-Brazilian Literatures and Languages are:

1. Executive Committee

The Executive Committee consists of eleven members: the Executive Officer, seven faculty, and three students. The Executive Officer, who chairs the Committee, is appointed by the President of The Graduate Center. The other faculty members are elected by the program's doctoral faculty. At least two faculty members, one in Linguistics and one in Literature, shall be Graduate Center appointees. The other five shall be elected at large by the doctoral faculty in Hispanic and Luso-Brazilian Literatures and Languages from the senior colleges, and at least one shall be elected from any college substantially participating in the program [cf. section 3.5A, Governance of The Graduate Center]. There shall be three student members elected by the student body. All faculty members are elected for a term of three years; and student members are elected for one year.

2. Standing Committees

For all standing committees, except the Examination Committee and Elections Committee, the terms of office are three years for the faculty members and one year for student members.

3. Curriculum

The committee consists of the Executive Officer, two faculty members, and two elected student members.

4. Annual Examination

The committee consists of the Executive Officer and five faculty members appointed annually by the Executive Officer.

5. Admissions and Awards

The committee consists of the Executive Officer, two faculty members, and two elected student members.

6. Faculty Membership

The committee consists of the Executive Officer, two faculty members, and two elected student members.

7. Elections Committee

The committee consists of the Executive Officer, three faculty members, and three student members for the Executive Committee.

The Doctoral Faculty shall meet twice each year. The Executive Committee shall meet with students at least once each semester.

GRADUATE COUNCIL

Two students and one alternate and two faculty members and one alternate are elected each year to the Graduate Council. Some of the main functions of the Graduate Council are:

1. To formulate educational policy for all graduate work in doctoral programs, including curriculum, standards of admission and academic performance, degree requirements, and student discipline.

2. To approve specific programs and curricula leading to the doctoral degree. To consider any other matter pertaining to academic issues in the doctoral program, and make recommendations to the CUNY Board.
DOCTORAL STUDENTS' COUNCIL (DSC)

Two students are elected each year to the Doctoral Students’ Council. The Doctoral Students’ Council assists and orients students in all matters within The Graduate Center. Some specific activities of this council are:

1. Distribute money to the various programs and chartered student organizations.

2. Orient students in matters concerning grievances and conflicts that the students may have with either the program or The Graduate Center.

3. Determine how student activity fees are spent.

The student representatives to the DSC act as spokespersons for the student body in their respective disciplines. They are responsible for the money allocated to their program, although the student representatives do not necessarily have to be the organizers of a given activity.

GOVERNANCE OF THE PROGRAM

Governance of the program may be picked up at our office in Room 4116.

NOTICE OF NONDISCRIMINATION

The Graduate School and University Center is an equal opportunity and affirmative action institution and does not discriminate on the basis of age, gender, sexual orientation, alienage or citizenship, religion, race, color, national or ethnic origin, disability, veteran status, genetic predisposition or carrier status, or marital status in its student admissions, employment, access to programs, and administration of educational policies.

Ms. Edith M. Rivera-Cancel is the Affirmative Action Officer of The Graduate School and University Center. The office is located in Room 7301; Telephone: 1-212-817-7410 (Voice/TTY).

Mr. Matthew G. Schoengood, Vice President for Student Affairs is The Graduate School and University Center's Section 504 / ADA Coordinator for Persons with Disabilities and Coordinator for Title IX, which prohibits sex discrimination in federally assisted education programs. Her office is located in Room 7301; Telephone: 1-212-817-7400.

Actions that involve discrimination or bias of any sort will be subject to disciplinary
sanctions in accordance with the Rules and Regulations for the maintenance of Public Order Pursuant to Article 129A of the Education Law, a copy of which will be found in the Bulletin of The Graduate School.

HUMAN SUBJECTS REGULATIONS

The Graduate Center has an ethical and legal commitment to the protection of human subjects in research. All research with human subjects, whether it is for the dissertation or for any other activity, must be reviewed and approved by the Committee on the Protection of Human Subjects prior to the initiation of the research.

All doctoral students advanced to Level III after September 1, 1999, need to submit a "Dissertation Proposal Clearance: Human Participants" form, which is sent to all students by the Registrar when they advance to Level III. Students are required to submit this form to the Office of Research and Sponsored Programs after the dissertation topic and methodology are approved by their committees and before research begins. If human participants are involved in a student's research, a human subjects application must be submitted to a CUNY Institutional Review Board in accord with the CUNY Principal Investigator's Manual for Submitting Proposals for Review by the CUNY Institutional Review Boards. (Available from the Office of Research and Sponsored Programs: Room 8309 or at http://inside.gc.cuny.edu.orsp.) The Graduate Center Committee on the Protection of Human Subjects or other CUNY campus institutional review boards must approve the application prior to beginning the research and issue an approval letter that must be submitted to the Office for Research and Sponsored Programs with the Dissertation Proposal Clearance form. If human participants are not involved in a student's research, the completed Dissertation Proposal Clearance form is submitted with the dissertation project abstract and methodology to The Graduate Center's Office of Research and Sponsored Programs (Room 8309, 365 Fifth Avenue, New York, New York 10016).