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Ricardo Otheguy
Position: Professor
Phone: 212-817-8506
Degrees/Diplomas: Ph.D., The City University of New York
Research Interests: sociolinguistics, language contact, functional linguistics
Ricardo Otheguy is professor of Linguistics at the City University of New York's Graduate Center. His publications in theoretical linguistics are in the areas of Spanish linguistics, functional grammar, and the Spanish of the United States. His publications in applied linguistics have been in the area of bilingual education and the teaching of Spanish to native speakers of Spanish.
Professor Otheguy has participated in national and international conferences throughout the U.S., Europe, and Latin America, and has lectured and conducted research in universities and research centers in several countries, including Cuba, Mexico, Puerto Rico, Spain and Uruguay.
Professor Otheguy is the founding director of the CUNY Research Institute for the Study of Language in Urban Society, which conducts basic and applied research in urban linguistics, bringing to bear the research resources of the City University of New York on urban language issues.
He is the author of numerous research papers that have appeared in the major research journals and anthologies. He is co-editor of Language Across Cultures/Cultures Across English: A reader in cross cultural communication. He has developed textbook materials for the teaching of Spanish to Latino students in the United States, and is co-author of Tu Mundo: Curso para hispanohablantes, and of Prueba de ubicación para hispanohablantes. He has also written Spanish materials for English speaking students, and is co-author of the most widely used high school Spanish textbook in the U.S., En español.
He holds a Ph.D. in Linguistics from the City University of New York (1976), as well as degrees and diplomas in Spanish from Louisiana State University, the City College of New York, and the University of Madrid, Spain.

Research Projects


Erker, Daniel & Ricardo Otheguy. 2016. Contact and coherence: Dialectal leveling and structural convergence in New York City Spanish. Lingua 172-173 (2016) 131-146.
Otheguy, Ricardo. 2016. Espanglish. Enciclopedia de lingüística hispánica, ed. por Javier Gutiérrez-Rexach. Routledge Publishers.
Otheguy, Ricardo. 2016. The linguistic competence of second-generation bilinguals: A critique of 'incomplete acquisition.' Romance Linguistics 2013. Selected papers from the 43rd Linguistic Symposium on Romance Languages (LSRL), New York, 17-19 April, 2013, ed. by Tortora, Christina, Marcel den Dikken, Ignacio L. Montoya and Teresa O'Neill [RLLT 9]. John Benjamins Publishing Company, pp. 301-320.
Otheguy, Ricardo, Ofelia García, Wallis Reid. 2015. Clarifying translanguaging and deconstructing named languages: A perspective from linguistics. Applied Linguistics Review 6.281-307.
Otheguy, Ricardo. 2015. Variationist sociolinguistics and linguistic theory in the context of pronominal perseveration. Linguistic variation: Confronting fact and theory, ed. by Rena Torres Cacoullos, Nathalie Dion & André Lapierre. Routledge Publishers, pp. 319-334.
García, Ofelia & Ricardo Otheguy. 2015. Spanish and Hispanic bilingualism. The Routledge Handbook of Hispanic Applied Linguistics (Chapter 36), ed. by Manel Lacorte. Routledge Publishers, pp. 639-658.
Otheguy, Ricardo. 2014. Remarks on pronominal perseveration and functional explanation. Perspectives in the study of Spanish language variation: Papers in honor of Carmen Silva-Corvalán, ed. by Andrés Enrique-Arias, Manuel J. Gutiérrez, Alazne Landa, and Francisco Ocampo. Anejos de Verba, pp. 373-396.
Otheguy, Ricardo & Nancy Stern. 2013. Scholars and citizens: Judging the unfortunate term “Spanglish.” Anthropology News, December 2013. (This was written in response to an invitation from Bonnie Urciuoli to comment on her comment on Otheguy & Stern 2011. Urciuoli’s comment appeared in the Fall 2013 issue of Anthropology News under the title: Is “Spanglish” a bad term?).
Shin, Naomi Lapidus & Otheguy, Ricardo. 2013. Social class and gender impacting change in bilingual settings: Spanish subject pronoun use in New York. Language in Society, 42.429-452 pdf
Otheguy, Ricardo. 2013. Convergencia conceptual y la sobrestimación de la presencia de elementos estructurales ingeles en el español estadounidense. El español en los Estados Unidos: E pluribus unum? Enfoques multidisciplinarios, edición de Domnita Dumitrescu y Gerardo Piña-Rosales. Nueva York: Academia Norteamericana de la Lengua Española (ANLE), pp. 129-150.
Otheguy, Ricardo & Ana Celia Zentella. 2012. Spanish in New York: Language contact, dialectal leveling, and structural continuity. Oxford University Press.
Otheguy, Ricardo. 2012. Concurrent models and cross-linguistic analogies in the study of prepositional stranding in French in Canada. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition 15.226-229.
Otheguy, Ricardo & Nancy Stern. 2011. On so-called Spanglish. International Journal of Bilingualism 15.85-100.

Otheguy, Ricardo. 2011. Functional adaptation and conceptual convergence in the analysis of language contact in the Spanish of bilingual communities in New York. Handbook of Hispanic Sociolinguistics, ed. by Manuel Antonio Díaz-Campos. Blackwell Publishers, pp. 504-529.
Otheguy, Ricardo. 2010. Spanish in a New York corpus: Structure, variation, and contact. Special issue of the International Journal of the Sociology of Language, Number 203. Issue editor: Ricardo Otheguy
Otheguy, Ricardo. 2010. Advances in the study of lexical, phonological, and grammatical variation and contact in Spanish in New York. International Journal of the Sociology of Language 203.1-8.
Livert, David & Ricardo Otheguy. 2010. A multilevel statistical analysis of changes in language use among first-generation immigrants in a bilingual setting. International Journal of the Sociology of Language 203.83-100.
Otheguy, Ricardo, Ana Celia Zentella & David Livert. 2010. Generational differences in pronominal usage in Spanish reflecting language and dialect contact in a bilingual setting.  Language contact: New perspectives, ed. by Muriel Norde, Bob de Jonge & Cornelius Hasselblatt. Amsterdam & Phildadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Co., pp. 45-62.
Shin, Naomi Lapidus & Ricardo Otheguy. 2009. Shifting sensitivity to Continuity of Reference. Español en Estados Unidos y otros contextos de contacto: Sociolingüística, ideología y pedagogía, by Manel Lacorte & Jennifer Leeman. Madrid / Frankfurt: Iberoamericana / Vervuert, pp. 111-136.
Gabriele, Alison, Erika Troseth, Gita Martohardjono & Ricardo Otheguy. 2009. Emergent literacy skills in bilingual children: Evidence for the role of L1 syntactic comprehension. International Journal of Bilingual Education & Bilingualism 20091 - 15.
Otheguy, Ricardo. 2008. El llamado espanglish. Enciclopedia del espanol en los Estados Unidos, ed. por Humberto López-Morales.
Otheguy, Ricardo. 2008. Affirming Differences, Valuing Variation and Dismissing Dialects in Modern Linguistics. Studies in Hispanic and Lusophone Lingustics 1, 223-233.
Ortigosa, Ana & Ricardo Otheguy. 2007. Source language patterns as determinants of borrowing behavior: Single and collocation borrowings in Spanish in New York. Southwest Journal of Linguistics 26.61-81
Otheguy, Ricardo, Ana Celia Zentella & David Livert. 2007. Language and dialect contact in Spanish in New York: Towards the formation of a speech community. Language 83.1-33.
Otheguy, Ricardo. 2007. La filología y el unicornio: El verdadero referente del vocablo spanglish y su función como adjudicador de posiciones de poder en la población de origen hispano en los EEUU. La incidencia del contexto en los discursos, ed. By Enric Serra Alegre. (LynX, A monographic series in linguistics and world perception, Annexa 14.)
Otheguy, Ricardo & Ana Celia Zentella. 2007. Apuntes preliminares sobre el contacto lingüístico y dialectal en el uso pronominal del español en Nueva York. Spanish in contact: Policy, social and linguistic inquiries, ed. by Kim Potowski & Richard Cameron. Amsterdam & Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Co. pp. 275-296
Otheguy, Ricardo & Naomi Lapidus. 2005. Matización de la teoría de la simplificación en las lenguas en contacto: El concepto de la adaptación en el español de Nueva York. Contactos y contextos lingüísticos: El español en Estados Unidos y en contacto con otras lenguas, ed. por Luis Ortiz-López y Manuel Lacorte. Madrid & Frankfurt: Editorial Iberoamericana / Vervuert Verlag. 143-160.
Lapidus, Naomi & Ricardo Otheguy. (2005). Overt nonspecific ellos in the Spanish of New YorkSpanish in Context, Volume 2. 157-176
Martohardjono, G., R. Otheguy, A. Gabriele, M. de Goeas-Malonne, M. Szupica-Pyrzanowski, E. Troseth, S. Rivero & Z. Schutzman (2005). The Role of Syntax in Reading Comprehension: A study of bilingual readers. In ISB4: Proceedings of the 4th International Symposium on Bilingualism, ed. by J. Cohen,  K. McAlister, K. Rolstad, & J. MacSwan.  Somerville, MA:Cascadilla Press. (A paper presented in the 4th International Symposium on Bilingualism at Arizona State University in Tempe, AZ, April 30-May 5, 2003).
Lapidus, Naomi & Ricardo Otheguy (2005). Contact Induced Change? The case of nonspecific ellos in Spanish in New York. Selected Proceedings of the Second Workshop on Spanish Sociolinguistics, ed. by Lotfi Sayahi and Maurice Westmoreland. New York: Cascadilla Proceedings Project.
Otheguy, Ricardo, Betsy Rodríguez-Bachiller, and Eulalia Canals. 2004. Length of the extra-information phrase as a predictor of word order. Cognitive and communicative approaches to linguistic analysis, ed. by Ellen Contini-Morava, Robert S. Kirsner, and Betsy Rodríguez-Bachiller. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Co.
Otheguy, Ricardo. 2004. Review of Culture, communication, and cooperation: Interpersonal relations and pronominal address in a Mexican organization, by Patricia Covarrubias. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield. 2002. Language in Society 33, 1: 149-152.
Martohardjono, Gita, Ricardo Otheguy, Silvia Rivero, Michele de Goeas-Malone, & Malgosia Szupica-Pyrzanowski. 2004. Supporting language skills in immigrant pre-schoolers: An intervention study  BilingLatAm 2004.  Proceedings of the First International Symposium on Bilingualism and Bilingual Education in Latin America.  Buenos Aires: English Speaking Scholastic Association of the River Plate & Universidad de San Andrés. 177-189.
Otheguy, Ricardo & Naomi Lapidus. 2004. Adaptación y simplificación en el español de los Estados Unidos. Hispanos en los Estados Unidos: Tercer Pilar de la Hispanidad. Actas del II Simposio Internacional Presencia Hispánica en los Estados Unidos, ed. by Gerardo Piña-Rosales, Nicolás Toscano Liria, Carmen Fernández Klohe, Rafael Corbalán, Oneida Sánchez & Eda Henao. New York: ALDEEU, pp. 249-269.
Otheguy, Ricardo. 2003 Las piedras nerudianas se tiran al norte: Meditaciones lingüísticas sobre Nueva York.Insula 679-680, Julio-Agosto 2003
Otheguy, Ricardo & Naomi Lapidus. 2003.  An adaptive approach to noun gender in New York contact Spanish.  A Romance perspective on language knowledge and use, ed. by Richard Cameron, Luis López & Rafael Núñez-Cedeño. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Co.
Otheguy, Ricardo. 2002 Saussurean anti-nomenclaturism in grammatical analysis: A comparative theoretical perspective. Signal, meaning, and message: Perspectives on sign-based linguistics, ed. by Wallis Reid, Ricardo Otheguy & Nancy Stern. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Co.
Otheguy, Ricardo. 2001.  Simplificación y adaptación en el español de Nueva York. Ponencias del II Congreso Internacional de la Lengua Española. Madrid: Centro Virtual Cervantes.
Otheguy, Ricardo, Ofelia Garcia & Ana Roca. 2000. Speaking in Cuban: The language of Cuban Americans. New Immigrants in the United States: Readings for Second Language Educators, ed. by Sandra Lee McKay and Sau-Ling Cynthia Wong. Cambridge University Press, pp. 165-188.
Otheguy, Ricardo. 2000. Review of Huellas etnolingüísticas bozales y afrocubanas, by Luis Ortiz López. Madrid: Iberoamericana, 1998. Journal of Pidgin and Creole Languages 15.2.372-374.
Otheguy, Ricardo & Nancy Stern. 2000 The acategorial lexicon and the pairing strategies: grammatical gender in Spanish. Between lexicon and grammar, ed. By Ellen Contini-Morava & Yishai Tobin. Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishers
Otheguy, Ricardo & Jeannette Toro. 2000 Tests for Spanish-for-Native-Speaker Classes Spanish for Native Speakers: AATSP Professional Development Series, Volume 1. New York: Harcourt College Publishers.
Otheguy, Ricardo. 2000. Review of: Literacy and Language Diversity in the United States, by Terrence G. Wiley. McHenry, IL: Center for Applied Linguistics and Delta Systems, 1996. The Modern Language Journal 84,3:148-150.
Otheguy, Ricardo. 1999. Review of: Spanish in Contact: Issues in Bilingualism, Ana Roca and John B Jensen (eds). Somerville, MA: Cascadilla Press, 1996. Journal of Sociolinguistics 3,4:566-569.
Otheguy, Ricardo. 1998. Review of: Puerto Rican discourse: A sociolinguistic study of a New York Suburb, by Lourdes Torres. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum Publishers, 1997. The Modern Language Journal 82.440.
Otheguy, Ricardo. 1997. Review of: One speaker, two languages: Cross disciplinary perspectives on code-switching, ed. by Lesley Milroy and Pieter Muysken. Cambridge University Press. 1995. The Modern Language Journal 81, 4:567-568.
Garcia, Ofelia & Ricardo Otheguy. 1997. No sólo de estándar vive el aula: Lo que nos enseñó la educación bilingüe sobre el español de Nueva York. La enseñanza del español a hispanohablantes: Praxis y teoría, ed. by M. Cecilia Colombi y Francisco X. Alarcón. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co.
Otheguy, Ricardo. 1996. Review of: The bilingual lexicon, ed. by Robert Schreuder & Bert Weltens. Philadelphia: Benjamins. The Modern Language Journal 80,3:406-407.
Otheguy, Ricardo. 1996. Review of: Bilingualism, 2nd. Edition, by Suzanne Romaine. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell. 1995. The Modern Language Journal 80,1:109-110.
Otheguy, Ricardo. 1995. When contact speakers talk, linguistic theory listens. Meaning as explanation: Advances in linguistic sign theory. ed. by Ellen Contini-Morava & Barbara Sussman Goldberg. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, pp. 213 - 242.
Jagendorf, Susan & Ricardo Otheguy. 1995. The rise of undetermined preverbal subjects in the Spanish of New York City. Hispanic Linguistics 6/7.153-190.
Otheguy, Ricardo. 1995. Comments on the Board of Education´s Educational Progress of Students in Bilingual and ESL Programs. TESOL Matters, August/September 1995. pp. 20-21.
Garcia, Ofelia & Ricardo Otheguy. 1994. The value of speaking a LOTE in U.S. business. The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science. Volume 532, March 1994, ed. by Richard Lambert. Sage Periodicals. 99-122.
Otheguy, Ricardo. 1993. Review of: Bilingualism, multiculturalism, and second language learning: The McGill Conference in Honour of Wallace E. Lambert, ed. by Allan G. Reynolds. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum, 1991. Modern Language Journal 77.375-376
Otheguy, Ricardo (1993) A reconsideration of the notion of loan translation in the analysis of U.S. Spanish. Spanish in the United States: Linguistic contact and diversity, ed. by Ana Roca and John M. Lipski. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, pp. 21-41.
Otheguy, Ricardo. 1990. The Condition of Latinos in the City University of New York. A report to the Vice Chancellor for Academic Affairs and to the Puerto Rican Council on Higher Education.

Otheguy, Ricardo, Ofelia García, & Mariela Fernández. 1989. Transferring, switching, and modeling in West New York Spanish: An intergenerational study. International Journal of the Sociology of Language 79.41-52.
Otheguy, Ricardo and Ofelia García. 1988. Diffusion of lexical innovations in the Spanish of Cuban Americans. Research Issues and Problems in United States Spanish: Latin American and Southwestern Varieties, ed. by Jacob Ornstein-Galicia, George Green, & Dennis Bixler-Márquez. Rio Grande Series in Language and Linguistics No. 2. Brownsville, Texas: Pan American University. pp. 203-243.