* Tom W. Rice, James M. McCormick, and Benjamin D. Bergmann, "Graduate Training, Current Affiliation and Publishing Books in Political Science," PS (December 2002): 754. Data were drawn from a sample of academic books published in the field of political science for the period 1994-98, and weighted by the number of alumni in academic positions during that period.
Bruce E. Altschuler, Keeping a Finger on the Public Pulse: Private Polling and Presidential Elections (Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1982)
Description by Choice
"This brief volume discusses the impact of private public opinion polling (as well as its absence) on the campaigns of Hubert Humphrey, Eugene McCarthy, and Robert Kennedy in 1968, of George McGovern in 1972, and Jimmy Carter in 1976....A skillful journalistic account, although it is confined to only one of the major parties. The volume should be of interest to students of political parties, campaigning and elections, and to historians of this turbulent period of American politics. College and community college collections."
Bruce E. Altschuler, LBJ and the Polls (Gainesville, Fla.: University of Florida Press, 1990)
Lyndon Baines Johnson was the first president to put a private polling firm on a regular retainer and to assign an aide to assess poll results. This original and significant monograph, for which Bruce Altschuler mines the rich archival lode at the Lydon B. Johnson Library, explores how the Johnson administration used polls and how polls affected major policy decisions. What emerges is the stuff from which high drama is made: how Lyndon Johnson and his staff welcomed poll results as long as the news was good, and wrestled with them when the news was bad - denying the polls' accuracy, discounting their importance, distorting their meaning, counterattacking with selective leaks of private polls, and finally staging events designed to influence the polls. In short, Johnson used polls less to inform himself about public disillusionment with Vietnam and the economy than to manipulate the press and politicians (and perhaps to delude himself) into believing that the public supported his politics. Altschuler's conclusions refute some common misconceptions about polls-that, for instance, they offer an antidote to presidential isolation, that they diffuse the power of interest groups, and that poll results tend toward the conservative, favouring the status quo.
Bruce E. Altschuler and Celia Sgroi, Running in Place: A Campaign Journal (Florence, KY: Wadsworth Publishing, 1999)
Running in Place is a fascinating insider account of Bill Scheuerman's political campaign in a rural county in upstate New York to win a seat in the New York State Assembly. Altushuler, a professor of political science and a participant in the campaign, captures the excitement and disappointment of a volunteer staffed, local campaign. For many years, political scientists have focused so narrowly on massive media political campaigns, that the most common campaign--the one for local office--has been ignored. The book evaluates what we know about local political campaigns and how well these campaigns serve the voters. Topics discussed include political parties, candidate strategies, campaign spending, interest groups, and the role of the media in the context of local elections.
Bruce E. Altschuler, Understanding Law in a Changing Society (Paramus, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1996)
The basics of civil law are examined through the discussion of controversial topics and crucial court cases. The book emphasizes the law as it applies to the changing political and social environments. It is divided into two parts: legal processes and substantive law. It strongly integrates readings and cases and includes the most recent developments and controversies .
From the Back Cover
Key Benefit: The basics of civil law are examined through the discussion of controversial topics and crucial court cases. The book emphasizes the law as it applies to the changing political and social environments. Key Topics: It is divided into two parts: legal processes and substantive law. It strongly integrates readings and cases and includes the most recent developments and controversies.
Regina Axelrod (editor), Environment, Energy, Public Policy: Toward a Rational Future (Lexington, Mass.: Lexington Books, 1981)
Regina Axelrod, David Leonard Downie, Norman J. Vig, (editors) The Global Environment: Institutions, Law, and Policy (Washington, D.C.: CQ Press, 1999, 2005)
Sally Avery Bermanzohn, Through Survivors' Eyes: The Sixties through the Greensboro Massacre ( Nashville : Vanderbilt University Press, 2003)
On the morning of November 3, 1979 , a group of black and white demonstrators were preparing to march against the Ku Klux Klan through the streets of Greensboro , North Carolina , when a caravan of Klansmen and Nazis opened fire on them. Eighty-eight seconds later, five demonstrators lay dead and ten others were wounded. Four TV stations recorded their deaths by Klan gunfire. Yet, after two criminal trials, not a single gunman spent a day in prison. Despite this outrage, the survivors won an unprecedented civil-court victory in 1985 when a North Carolina jury held the Greensboro police jointly liable with the KKK for wrongful death.
In passionate first-person accounts, Through Survivors' Eyes tells the story of six remarkable people who set out to change the world. The survivors came of age as the "protest generation," joining the social movements of the 1960s and 1970s. They marched for civil rights, against war, for textile and healthcare workers, and for black power and women's liberation. As the mass mobilizations waned in the mid-1970s, they searched for a way to continue their activism, studied Marxism, and became communists.
Nelson Johnson, who grew up on a farm in eastern North Carolina in a family proud of its African American heritage, settled in Greensboro in the 1960s and became a leader of the Black Liberation Movement and a decade later the founder of the Faith Community Church. Willena Cannon, the daughter of black sharecroppers, witnessed a KKK murder as a child and was spurred to a life of activism. Her son, Kwame Cannon, was only ten when he saw the Greensboro killings. Marty Nathan, who grew up the daughter of a Midwestern union organizer and came to the South to attend medical school, lost her husband to the Klan/Nazi gunfire. Paul Bermanzohn, the son of Jewish Holocaust survivors, was permanently injured during the shootings. Sally Bermanzohn, a child of the New York suburbs who came south to join the Civil Rights Movement, watched in horror as her friends were killed and her husband was wounded.
Through Survivors' Eyes is the story of people who abandoned conventional lives to become civil rights activists and then revolutionaries. It is about blacks and whites who united against Klan/Nazi terror, and then had to overcome unbearable hardship, and persist in seeking justice. It is also a story of one divided southern community, from the protests of black college students of the late 1960s to the convening this January of a Truth and Community Reconciliation Project (on the South African model) intended to reassess the Massacre.
"This is a riveting saga of political activism and the bonds of friendship that begins with the lunch counter sit-ins, Freedom Rides, and black nationalism of the 1960s, deepens during the labor organizing and party-building of the 1970s, and persists even through more recent efforts to stem the rise of the Right. Its cautionary message about the horrifying consequences of police repression could not be more timely."
Barbara Ellen Smith
"The Greensboro Massacre is an incredible portrait of a social movement, a generation, a traumatic experience and its aftermath, through first-hand narratives of six participants as well as corroborating documents. It is woven together so well, it reads like a novel. That Sally Bermanzohn had the foresight to include stories of love, child rearing, break ups and make ups, family tensions and moments of humor, really distinguish this book from all other movement histories. . . . This remarkable book left me emotionally drained, but in a good way; once I started reading it, putting it down was impossible at times, necessary at other times."
Robin D. G. Kelley
Sally Avery Bermanzohn, Kenton Worcester, and Mark Ungar (eds.), Violence and Politics: Globalization's Paradox ( New York ; London : Routledge, 2002)
Violence and Politics points out a paradox of contemporary political violence: it appears to be growing in scope and complexity even in this era of unprecedented democratic and economic growth. These essays cover a number of timely issues including pro-life terrorism, hate crimes, Islam's connection (or stereotyped connection) to violence, rape as a war crime, ethnic conflicts, and violence against those protesting for civil rights for women, gays and lesbians and blacks. Contributors cross disciplines and subdisciplines to examine the counter-intuitive persistence of violence in advanced democracies and in steadily improving developing countries.
Who among us would deny that we live in a violent world? Even in an era of economic dynamism and democratic change, violence, in its many guises, has been gaining ground across world regions. Violence and Politics describes how, in both developed and developing states, violence remains a manifestation of political and economic disputes, an expression of differences -- and similarities -- and a tool of those resisting the rights of women and minorities. While policy makers once hoped that economic prosperity would lead to civil peace, it now seems evident that globalization and democratic reform does not guarantee tranquility. Opening with a broad overview by Charles Tilly on violence and politics, this volume grapples with a wide range of issues, including private armies, genocide, terrorism, hate crimes, identity politics, and human rights abuses. Crossing disciplines and subdisciplines, Violence and Politics examines the implications of Islam's connection to violence, rape as a war crime, state-sanctioned violence against gays and lesbians, and violence against those protesting for civil rights. The collection closes with an important and timely essay by John Keane on the nature of fear and democracy.
Peter Bratsis and Stanley Aronowitz (eds.), Paradigm Lost: State Theory Reconsidered ( Minneapolis : University of Minnesota Press, 2002)
With increasing globalization, the meaning and role of the nation-state are in flux. At the same time, state theory, which might help to explain such a trend, has fallen victim to the general decline of radical movements, particularly the crisis in Marxism. This volume seeks to enrich and complicate current political debates by bringing state theory back to the fore and assessing its relevance to the social phenomena and thought of our day. Throughout, it becomes clear that, whether confronting the challenges of postmodern and neo-institutionalist theory or the crisis of the welfare state and globalization, state theory still has great analytical and strategic value.
Contributors: Clyde W. Barrow, Richard A. Cloward, Adriano Nervo Codato, Bob Jessop, Andreas Kalyvas, Rhonda F. Levine, Leo Panitch, Renato Monseff Perissinotto, Frances Fox Piven, Paul Thomas, Constantine Tsoukalas.
Yasemin Celik, Contemporary Turkish Foreign Policy (Westport, Conn.: Praeger, 1999)
Celik examines how the easing of the East-West tensions, the end of the Cold War, and the disintegration of the Soviet Union affects Turkey 's foreign policy. During the Cold War, Ankara 's role as a front-line state in containing Soviet expansionism had greatly influenced its foreign policy orientation as well as its foreign policy behavior. As such, changes in the structure of the international system were bound to alter the ways in which Turkey interacted with other states in the post-Cold War world.
An examination of Turkish foreign policy, however, shows a high degree of continuity and stability. While Turkey 's security environment has improved significantly during the 1990s, political and military considerations continue to drive Ankara 's behavior. Furthermore, despite shifts in foreign policy behavior--such as closer relations with the former Soviet republics, active involvement in the Persian Gulf War, and military alliance with Israel --there have been no major alterations in foreign policy orientation. Turkey remains staunchly pro-western and the United States continues to be its most important ally. The post-Cold War era, however, also has brought an element of uncertainty to Turkish foreign policy and raises questions about its direction for the future.
José E. Cruz, Identity and Power: Puerto Rican Politics and the Challenge of Ethnicity (Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1998)
On the surface, identity politics appears to promote polarization. To the contrary, political scientist Jose E. Cruz argues that, instead, fragmentation and instability are more likely to occur only when the differences are ignored and nonethnic strategies are employed. Cruz illustrates his claim by focusing on one group of Puerto Ricans and how they mobilized to demand accountability from political leaders in Hartford , Connecticut .
The activities of the Puerto Rican Political Action Committee from 1983 to 1991 illustrate the power of ethnic mobilization and strategy in an urban setting. Cruz examines their insistence on their right to be included in the political process in the context of both a typical mid-sized American city and the unique attributes of Hartford 's predominantly white-collar population. At the same time, this study acknowledges the limitations of the exercise of such power in the political process.
Through extensive interviews Cruz brings to light the variety of ways in which politicians and political activists themselves view their own activities and achievements. This group of Puerto Rican activists attempted to penetrate the power structure of Hartford . Though their success was limited, their work constitutes a springboard for further change.
José E. Cruz, Edna Acosta-Belén, Margarita Benítez, Yvonne González-Rodríguez, Clara E. Rodríguez, Carlos E. Santiago, Azara Santiago-Rivera & Barbara R. Sjostrom, "Adiós, Borinquen querida": La diáspora puertorriqueña/ The Puerto Rican Diaspora (Albany, NY: CELAC, 2000)
The book "Adiós, Borinquen querida": The Puerto Rican Diaspora, Its History, and Contributions is a publication sponsored by the Comisión 2000 of the San Juan Municipal Government and the Center for Latino, Latin American, and Caribbean Studies (CELAC) at the University at Albany , State University of New York (SUNY). The various essays included in the book attempt to provide an overview of the sociohistoric, cultural, and political development of Puerto Rican migrant communities, particularly in the United States, but also in other foreign countries such as Cuba, the Dominican Republic, Mexico, and St. Croix. The volume emphasizes the collective contributions of Puerto Ricans as well as of those of individuals that have distinguished themselves in the fields of arts and letters, film and television, and sports; in the sciences, education, and other professions, in social and political movements, and in the world of business and finance. The contributing authors are all recognized scholars in the field of Puerto Rican Studies.
Joseph Davey, The Conscience of the Campus: Case Studies in Moral Reasoning Among Today's College Students (Westport, Conn.: Praeger, 2001)
The conscience of today's college students is guided by the personal moral values that underlie their concept of justice. College professors frequently avoid discussions of moral values, fearful of either the deconstructionist's criticism or the alleged "wall of separation" between church and state. Regardless of their reasons, they tend to argue that today's students have no interest in discussing abstract concepts of morality. The Daveys argue that given the right case studies of moral dilemmas, today's college students will enthusiastically share and discuss their own moral values, learn to critically examine pressing social issues, and grow to new levels of understanding.
More than two dozen scenarios involving moral questions concerning race, poverty, crime, drugs, sex, religion, educational funding, and constitutional rights are presented. These issues are faced by a generation raised in the "information revolution." College students live in a world of such rapid change that nothing is certain about their future. It may well be that there has never been a time when college students were more eager to discuss fundamental questions about right and wrong, and to examine their own moral values. This timely work is of value in any course touching upon moral values, including courses in sociology, education, political science and law, child development, criminal justice, and philosophy.
Joseph Davey, The New Social Contract: America's Journey from Welfare State to Police State (Westport, Conn.: Praeger, 1995)
According to the Justice Department's National Crime Survey, the crime rate in the United States is lower today than it was when Nixon was in the White House. In spite of this, political leaders demand nationwide prison construction as a response to the "war on drugs" and to accommodate the results of the new "three strikes" law. At the same time, the gap between rich and poor is wider than ever and the needs of the "non-disruptive poor" are being ignored by the economic and political elites to the point of unprecedented homelessness. The author predicts this widening gap will prompt the return of 1960s-style civil turmoil which will lead to the end of the "war on drugs" and the emptying of hundreds of thousands of cells so the protesting poor can be plausibly threatened with incarceration.
Emerging from the author's Ph.D. dissertation in political science at the Graduate Center of CUNY, this volume examines the massive expansion of funding and legal authority of agencies of social control as a means to "restrain the growing number of disgruntled poor who have watched their jobs relocate to the Third World and their government reduce its commitment to abolishing poverty." It examines changes in public policy concerning poverty, inequality, welfare, and homelessness, and then compares those policies and expenditures with the policies concerning criminal justice over the past two decades. Shows the expert tutelage of Francis Fox Piven, whose guidance the author acknowledges. Annotation copyright Book News, Inc. Portland, Or.
"In this lively and bracing book, Joe Davey points to the underlying connections between shrinking social policy budgets and rapidly rising prison budgets. Each provide a kind of solution: social policies ameliorate poverty by reducing want and expanding opportunities; criminal policies "solve" the problem of poverty by labeling and incarcerating ever-larger numbers of people. His argument is a chilling and convincing commentary on contemporary American politics, and it needs to be read."
Frances Fox Piven, Graduate Center, City University of New York
Joseph Davey, The Politics of Prison Expansion: Winning Elections by Waging War on Crime... (Westport, Conn.: Praeger, 1998)
Prison building creates profits and gets "law and order" candidates elected, often with political contributions that came from those profits. But, Professor Davey argues, crime rates rise and fall approximately the same way in all fifty states regardless of whether they invest in expensive imprisonment programs. A cost-benefit analysis of recent investments in prisons concludes that the real winners are not the taxpayers.
In the last two decades there has been an unprecedented increase in the use of imprisonment in the United States. This expansion of the imprisonment rate did not happen in the other Western democracies and, more importantly, it happened very unevenly among the fifty states. Professor Davey examines the change in the rate of imprisonment in relationship to the crime rate as well as six other socio-economic variables. Davey then examines a number of states in detail to assess the key factors that resulted in increased imprisonment.
Professor Davey concludes from the analyses that "law and order" politics of individual governors was the pivotal factor in the decision to expand prisons. Expansion was neither an outgrowth of unusual crime increases nor an effective method of reducing further crime increases, but waging "war on crime" was a very effective method of winning elections.
Michael Engel, State and Local Government (St. Martins 1985, Peter Lang, 1999)
State and Local Government takes an innovative approach to the study of state and local government by offering readers the means to develop their own points of view on its institutions, processes, and policies. Federalism, governmental structure, the party and electoral systems, and methods of citizen influence are described and then evaluated in the context of the opposing perspectives of conflict and consensus theories. State and local policies on public finance, economic development, welfare, and education are examined and then critiqued from the points of view of conservative, liberal, and socialist ideologies. The result is a book that not only informs readers on the facts of state and local government and politics, but also challenges them to think critically and analytically about those facts, and then helps them to draw conclusions about how well those processes and institutions are working.
Michael Engel, The Struggle for Control of Public Education: Market Ideology vs. Democratic Values ( Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press, 2000)
"The Struggle for Control of Public Education is a highly charged, politically important work, written with clarity and courage, in defense of public education as a legacy endangered by the juggernaut of corporate control."
"One hundred years ago, children were kept out of school to be used as a cheap factory workforce; today, they are kept in school to become a cheap workforce in the factories of the future."
Seduced by the language of the market economy, those making decisions about education today argue that market strategies promote democratic educational reform, when really they promote market reform of education. Michael Engel argues against this tendency, siding with democratic values-which encourage openness, creativity, social awareness and idealism, whereas market values uphold individual achievement, competition, economic growth, and national security.
Behind the façade of progressive rhetoric, advocates of these corporate models have succeeded in imposing their definition of school reform through federal and state policy makers. As a result, communities lose control of their schools, teachers lose control of their work, and students lose control of their futures. Engel attacks the increasing dominance of market ideology in educational policy and extends his critique beyond such trends in school reform as vouchers, charter schools, and "contracting out" to include issues such as decentralization, computer technology, and standards.
The debate over privatization amounts to ideological warfare between democratic and market values. The question is not so much about "school choice" as it is about the values Americans want at the root of their society. Unprecedented in its value-based challenge to the threat of market ideology on educational policy, The Struggle for Control of Public Education is a sophisticated call for a return to community-controlled schools and democratic values. This argument offers theoretical and practical models crafted in the contemporary feminist and social reconstructionist tradition. Readers interested in the study of educational policies, philosophy, and policy will find this book engaging.
Bernard J. Firestone, Lyndon Baines Johnson and the Uses of Power (Westport, Conn. : Greenwood Press, 1998)
Two decades after his presidency, Lyndon Baines Johnson continues to be remembered for the brilliance of his political skills, the sweep of his social vision, and the turbulence produced by his Vietnam policy. This collection of essays offers a variety of interpretations of the Johnson presidency and its legacy. The collection blends scholarly analysis with the insights of people who were once either at the heart of the Johnson administration policy-making system or well-known for their political activism. Lyndon Johnson managed to translate a vision of New Deal liberalism into a domestic program of immense and far-reaching proportions. At the same time, his steadfast support in Vietnam of traditional Cold War assumptions, such as the "domino" theory, though predictable, brought about the unraveling of his presidency. These essays examine the establishment of the Great Society and its programs, the Johnson administration civil rights program and Supreme Court appointments, and the impact of the Vietnam War on the Great Society and the nation's economic health. Introductory and concluding remarks are provided by Tom Wicker and Bill Moyers to complete a unique and fascinating compilation.
“In 1986, a conference was held at Hofstra University to discuss the controversial presidency of Lyndon B. Johnson. Various papers were read and panel discussions conducted by both scholars and former members of the Johnson administration. The papers were, by and large, of good quality, but two are worthy of particular attention. Michael Riccards's `Failure of Nerve: How the Liberals Killed Liberalism,' and Robert D. Loevy's `To Write It in the Books of Law: President Lyndon B. Johnson and the Civil Rights Act of 1964' are outstanding and fresh contributions to often debated topics. Riccards argues persuasively that Johnson's Great Society succeeded in ameliorating the conditions of poor people. He asserts that `the lack of nerve' of liberals with their own distrust of governmental action helped contribute to the failure to build on Johnson's legacy in the 1970s. Loevy discusses the subtleties of the Johnson method of moving the Civil Rights bill through Congress. Bill Moyers's epilogue is superb, rich with personal observations on the man he served for many years.”
Journal of American History:
“. . . Editors Bernard J. Firestone and Robert C. Vogt selected for publication seventeen of the original conference papers and three panel discussions, commissioned two new papers, and bound the volume with an introduction by Tom Wicker and an especially sensitive conclusion by Bill Moyers. . . . a useful contribution to the study of this dramatic and tragic presidency.”
Bernard J. Firestone, United Nations Under U. Thant (Lanham, Md. : Scarecrow Press, 2001)
This book explores a transformational period in the history of the United Nations, one during which the attention of the organization became increasingly focused on North-South issues of colonialism, neo imperialism, and the unequal distribution of global wealth. At the center of this transformation stood U. Thant, the first secretary general to originate from a third world country and a leading spokesman for the interest of developing nations. Thant's ten years as secretary general witnessed a series of new peacekeeping missions in Africa, Asia, and the Middle East, and the establishment of institutional structures for the discussions of North-South economic issues. It also witnessed a recovery in the constitutional integrity of the office of secretary general, whose legitimacy had been attacked by the Soviet Union during the last year of the life of Thant's gifted but troubled predecessor, Dag Hammarskjold. But even as the position of secretary general was preserved, the powers of the United Nations and its leader eroded significantly over the course of the decade. Fiscal crisis brought near paralysis; the United States became increasingly alienated from the organization over the former's policies in Viet Nam; and the Arab- Israeli War demonstrated the UN's inability to prevent crisis from descending into war. By the end of Thant's second term, the position of secretary general was more secure but far weaker than it was ten years before.
Bernard J. Firestone and Alexej Ugrinsky (editors), Gerald R. Ford and the Politics of Post-Watergate America, 2 Volumes (Westport, Conn. : Greenwood Press, 1993)
This two-volume collection draws together essays commissioned for the Hofstra University Presidential Conference on Gerald R. Ford. The essays and transcripts of panel discussions, prepared by academic political scientists and historians, as well as members of the Ford administration, are divided into sections devoted to such issues as the pardon of Richard Nixon, the Rockefeller vice-presidency, Middle East diplomacy, economic policy, and Ford's relations with the press. In a period when the Ford presidency is undergoing reevaluation, these essays will be of particular value.
Bernard J. Firestone, The Quest for Nuclear Stability: John F. Kennedy and the Soviet Union (Westport, Conn. : Greenwood Press, 1982)
This book demonstrates the ambiguities and contradictions that mark any foreign policy designed to cope simultaneously with anti-communism and avoidance of nuclear war.... Firestone analyzes all of these thorny issues in a clear and straightforward style....Academic (undergraduate and graduate) and general readership.
Ziva Flamhaft, Israel on the Road to Peace: Accepting the Unacceptable (Boulder, Colo. : WestviewPress, 1996)
An in-depth study of the effects of Israel's internal struggles on the Arab-Israeli peace process, this book examines how Israel's leaders and citizens have reacted to the various proposals in the post–Camp David era, including the 1982 Reagan plan, the 1988 Shultz initiative, and the 1989 Mubarak and Baker plans. Ziva Flamhaft also analyzes reactions to the signing of the Declaration of Principles in 1993. Focusing on the domestic political scene, she exposes the efforts of the Israeli political right to undermine the peace process and illuminates the dramatic consequences of that process—the reaction of Prime Minister Begin to the Reagan plan, the near collapse of the National Unity Government (NUG) in 1987-88, and the ultimate fall of the NUG in 1990 as a result of the Baker plan.Flamhaft then looks at how the end of the Cold War and the Gulf War helped to encourage negotiations and evaluates why the Likud Party was replaced by Labor in 1992. Finally, Flamhaft demonstrates the futility of third-party mediation when negotiations are rejected domestically and discusses the essential conditions required for effective mediation.
Choice: "Flamhaft's examination of Israeli reactions to the various peace proposals, from the 1982 Reagan plan to the 1994 agreement with Jordan, is a useful supplement to the plethora of books on Israel-Arab negotiations published in recent years."
Middle East Quarterly: "Providing a needed corrective to 'process-oriented' writing about Arab-Israeli negotiations, Flamhaft offers wise observations about domestic politics' placing limits on third-party mediation.... Flamhaft makes a real contribution by unraveling this confusing period of abortive peace initiatives and frustrated American mediators."
"With the fragility of the peace process painfully clear, it is vital to have a realistic sense of obstacles yet to be overcome. Written with a rare sensitivity to the divisions in Israeli society and a keen understanding of their implications, Flamhaft's analysis of various phases of the negotiations between the parties is a much-needed contribution at this critical time."
Asher Arian, City University of New York, Graduate Center and University of Haifa
Douglas Friedman, The State and Underdevelopment in Spanish America : The Political Roots of Dependency in Peru and Argentina (Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press, 1984)
Najib Ghadbian, Democratization and the Islamist Challenge in the Arab World (Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press, 1997)
This book explores the linkages between the move to democratize and the Islamist challenge, focusing on the struggle among ruling elites, secularists, and the Islamists to define collective identity - that is, to define what common orientations unite the polity and how disagreements can be addressed, particularly regarding the place of Islam in politics. The author surveys democratization measures since 1980 and analyzes the nature of the Islamist challenge, exploring the factors behind the rise of fundamentalism, the agendas of various Islamic movements, and Islamist concepts of democracy. In a final section the author offers in-depth case studies of Egypt and Jordan.
Explores the simultaneous movements toward democracy and Islamic fundamentalism since about 1980, and investigates the link between them. Focuses on the struggle among ruling elites, secularists, and Islamists to define collective identity, the common orientations that unite the polity, how disagreements can be addressed, and the place of Islam in politics. Offers in-depth case studies of Egypt and Jordan.
Ivelaw L Griffith and Betty Sedoc-Dahlberg (editors), Democracy and Human Rights in the Caribbean (Boulder: Westview Press, 1997)
The Caribbean, like regions elsewhere, is caught in what has been called democracy's global "Third Wave." In this volume, contributors examine the nature of democratization in the region together with its accessory, human rights. The emphasis is to extend the analysis and debates beyond political democracy and civil and political rights to economic democracy and economic and social rights.
Ivelaw L Griffith (editor), Caribbean Security in the Age of Terror: Challenge and Change (Kingston, Jamaica: Ian Randle Publishers, 2004)
The September 11 terrorist attack on the USA has resulted in a heightened awareness of security issues at the national, regional and global levels and has underscored the fact that there are no completely 'safe' countries or regions.
The Caribbean region is no exception, but understanding security challenge and change in the Caribbean context requires a broad-based multi-dimensional approach to include new untraditional and unfamiliar threats like economic and environmental vulnerability, HIV/AIDS and drugs to name a few.
This edited volume is multi-dimensional in approach and structure and regional and global in scope. A survey or 'reality-check' of the contemporary security arena in the Caribbean region provides the background for an exploration of the actual and potential impact of the events of September 11. At the same time, the volume provides an assessment of the responses by Caribbean states while examining the institutional and operational terrorism response capacity of security agencies in the region. The contributors are drawn from academia, policy-makers in the public sector and front-line security practitioners.
Although the volume focuses on the Caribbean region, the reality of global security interdependence requires the contributors to cast a wide geographical ambit in discussing hemispheric security issues.
Ivelaw L Griffith, Caribbean Security on the Eve of the 21st Century McNair Paper No. 54, Institute for National Strategic Studies (Washington, DC., National Defense University Press, 1996)
Provides a balanced account of the events in the 1970s & 1980s that defined the U.S.-Caribbean security relationship during the later years of the Cold War. Discusses the impact of the Cold War on this relationship, & Caribbean responses designed to balance cooperation with the U.S. & other regional powers in areas of mutual interest, while at the same time protecting their sovereignty. Suggestions are made for the U.S., Canada, & other countries to take advantage of the opportunity to build a lasting regional security system. Maps, tables, & glossary of acronyms & abbreviations.
Ivelaw L Griffith, The Quest for Security in the Caribbean: Problems and Promises in Subordinate States (Armonk, New York: M.E. Sharpe, 1993; paper, 1994)
Description by Booknews
The subject is usually treated either as tangent to the interests of the US and European powers or in a fragmented way--in country case studies, or with a focus on selected issues. This study differs by examining regional security problems (of the English-speaking Carribbean, also known as the Commonwealth Caribbean), identifying problems and exploring some steps that the Caribbean states might take to safeguard their interests.
Ivelaw L Griffith, Drugs and Security in the Caribbean: Sovereignty Under Siege (University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1997)
Ivelaw Griffith has undertaken the first extensive study of illegal drugs in the Caribbean by examining the nature and scope of drug operations, probing the security implications of those operations and the problems they cause, and assessing countermeasures for dealing with drug traffic and resulting problems. By disclosing the various elements of the drugs-security matrix, Griffith argues that the sovereignty of Caribbean countries is under siege, not only from drug operators but also from other states, owing to the transnational nature of drug trafficking and the inability of most small countries to cope with it. Drugs and Security in the Caribbean makes it clear that there is no simple solution to the drug threat. As long as the demand for drugs persists in the United States and Europe, drug trafficking in the Caribbean will be nearly impossible to control.
Griffith (political science, Florida International U.) looks at three aspects of the drug trade in the Caribbean: the nature and scope of the operations; the security implications of those operations and the problems they precipitate; and countermeasures adopted at the national, regional, and international levels to deal with the operations and resulting problems. The multifaceted approach should be relevant not only to security specialists, but to Caribbeanists in general.
Ivelaw L Griffith (editor), The Political Economy of Drugs in the Caribbean (London and New York: Macmillan Press and St. Martin’s Press, 2000)
This volume examines the regional and global contexts of the political economy of illegal narcotics operations in the Caribbean. It assesses some of the political economy connections and discusses some of the measures adopted to contend with the region's illegal drug challenge.
Political scientists, economists, diplomats, and people from other fields examine the nexus between drugs as a social phenomenon and political economy as a scholarly issue, exploring the regional and global contexts. They also assess some of the political economy connections and consequences, and discuss some of the measures taken to contend with drugs in the region. The map of the Caribbean Basin in a helpful reminder, but the secret landing spots are not marked
Ivelaw L Griffith (editor), Strategy and Security in the Caribbean (New York: Praeger, 1991)
This contribution to the debate on security in the Caribbean highlights the security problems of small states. The authors draw from realist theory, conflict theory, and political economy analyses to examine the indigenous, regional and extra-regional dynamics shaping the Caribbean security environment. Four case studies are presented: Barbados, Guyana, the Virgin Islands, and the Belize-Guatemala territorial dispute. This work is valuable to scholars and policy analysts of military/security issues, the Caribbean/Latin America, and Third World development
Adam Habib, John Daniel, and Roger Southall, (eds.) State of the Nation: South Africa 2003-2004 (Durban, South Africa: Human Sciences Research Council Publisher, 2004)
State of the Nation 2003-2004 draws on a long tradition of critical, analytical scholarship to provide an outstanding contribution to our understanding of South Africa at this moment in history. First in a series by leading South African intellectuals on the state of post-apartheid South Africa, this volume provides:
- Insightful analysis of post-apartheid polity, the state of the state, its political parties and wider civil society
- An in-depth look at the complex issues of employment, unemployment and the changing nature of trade unionism
- Detailed examinations of aspects of the social environment such as race relations, land reforms and education
- Informed assessments of South Africa's relations with Africa and the wider world including the increasing South Africanisation of the African economy.
Within each focal area, the authors reflect on the inherited apartheid legacy, review the policy and other initiatives introduced to overcome that legacy and then dissect the impact of these initiatives.
Dennis Hale, Marc Landy (editors), Economics and the Good Life: Essays in Political Economy / Bertrand de Jouvenel (New Brunswick, N.J.: Transaction Publishers, 1999)
Bertrand de Jouvenel (1903-1987) was known in the United States primarily as a political scientist. His best-known works - On Power, Sovereignty, and The Pure Theory of Politics - all made distinctive contributions to our understanding of the modern state, and to the creation of a political science capable of civilizing that state. His work in the field of economics is relatively unknown in the United States, but like many writers in the contemporary field of political economy, de Jouvenel is not interested in expanding the claims of economy at the expense of polity. On the contrary, his thinking is governed by the oldest and most fundamental of political concerns, the definition of the good life. Written between 1952 and 1980, the essays range from a discussion of technology to reflections on such fundamental economic concepts as "amenity" and "welfare." They include the deeply theoretical as well as the practical and the concrete. All are informed by de Jouvenel's insistence that a science which seeks to understand the production and distribution of "goods" must be concerned in the first place with the good itself. Economics and the Good Life is a companion volume to The Nature of Politics: Selected Essays of Bertrand de Jouvenel. Like the earlier volume, this collection is accompanied by an editors' introduction that places the essays in the wider context of de Jouvenel's work. This work is essential to the libraries of economists, political theorists, historians, and sociologists.
Dennis Hale and Marc Landy (editors), The Nature of Politics: Selected Essays of Bertrand de JouveneI (New York: Schocken Books, 1987) (Transaction Books edition, with a new Introduction by the editors, 1992)
Dennis Hale(editor), The United States Congress: Proceedings of the Thomas P. O'Neill, Jr. Symposium on the United States Congress. (New Brunswick, N.J.: Transaction Press, 1983)
Ronald Hayduk, Democracy's Moment: Reforming the American Political System for the 21st Century (Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2002)
The two-month long Election Day in Florida made one thing clear: We need to find ways to make the American political system more responsive to the demands of all citizens. This book provides a critical assessement of a broad range of electoral reforms proposed to enhance responsive government. The book aims not only to analyze the obstacles to full political participation, but to capitalize on the window of opportunity that election 2000 has provided to make our political system more truly democratic--to realize "democracy's moment."
--Responds directly to dilemmas of race, representation, and accountability posed by Election 2000.
--Draws from diverse groups of political activists and reformers as well as noted academics.
--Offers practical reforms including campaign finance, voting technology, ballot changes, instant run-offs, e-democracy, and more.
--Reflects on key election issues including initiatives and referenda, debates, and the Electoral College, among others.
--Detailed Appendix of National Organizations
Ronald Hayduk and Benjamin Shepard, From ACT UP to the WTO: Urban Protest and Community Building in the Era of Globalization (New York: Verso, 2002)
In March 1987 a radical coalition of queer activists converged on Wall Street—their target, 'Business, Big Business, Business as Usual!!!' It was ACT UP's first demonstration. In November 1999 a radical coalition of environmental, labor, anarchist, queer, and human rights activists converged in Seattle—their target was similar, a system of global capitalism. Between 1987 and 1999 a new project in activism had emerged unshackled from past ghosts. Through innovative use of civil rights' era non-violent disobedience, guerrilla theatre, and sophisticated media work, ACT UP has helped transform the world of activism. This anthology offers a history of ACT UP for a new generation of activists and students. It is divided into five sections which address the new social movements, the use of street theater to reclaim public space, queer and sexual politics, new media/electronic civil disobedience, and race and community building. Contributions range across a diverse spectrum: The Northwest Bronx Community and Clergy Coalition, Jubilee 2000, Students for an Undemocratic Society, Fed Up Queers, Gender Identity Center of Colorado, Triangle Foundation, Jacks of Color, National Coalition for Sexual Freedom, Lower East Side Collective, Community Labor Coalition, Church of Stop-Shopping, Indy Media Collective, Black Radical Congress, The Theater of the Oppressed Laboratory, Adelante Street Theater; HealthGAP, Housing Works, SexPanic! and, of course, ACT UP itself.
Ronald Hayduk, Democracy for All: Restoring Immigrant Voting Rights in the United States (New York: Routledge Press. 2006)
Voting is for citizens only, right? Not exactly. It is not widely known that immigrants, or noncitizens, currently vote in local elections in over a half dozen cities and towns in the U.S.; nor that campaigns to expand the franchise to noncitizens have been launched in at least a dozen other jurisdictions from coast to coast over the past decade. These practices have their roots in another little-known fact: for most of the country’s history — from the founding until the 1920s — noncitizens voted in forty states and federal territories in local, state, and even federal elections, and also held public offi ce such as alderman, coroner, and school board member. Globally, over forty countries on nearly every continent permit voting by noncitizens. Legal immigrants, or resident aliens, pay taxes, own businesses and homes, send their children to public schools, and can be drafted or serve in the military, yet proposals to grant them voting rights are often met with great resistance. But, in a country where “no taxation without representation” was once a rallying cry for revolution, such a proposition may not, after all, be so outlandish.
Democracy for All examines the politics and practices of noncitizen voting in the United States, chronicling the rise and fall — and re-emergence — of immigrant voting in the U.S. In addition to making the case for noncitizen voting, this book takes a close look at the politics of and actors in recent campaigns that successfully reestablished noncitizen voting, others that failed, and ones that are currently underway. Democracy for All explores the prospects for a truly universal suffrage in America.
Ronald Hayduk, Gatekeepers to the Franchise: Shaping Election Administration in New York (Northern Illinois University Press. 2005)
The history of democracy in America is the history of the extension of voting privileges from white male property-owners to blacks, to women, and to citizens over eighteen years of age. Yet, the number of United States citizens who actually vote is distressingly low in comparison with voter turnout in other democratic nations. Barely half of the eligible electorate vote in presidential elections and even fewer cast ballots in state and local elections. Poor, minority, and urban communities report the lowest turnout rates, calling into question the reality of American democracy.
Who or what is to blame? Among the many suspects, from stealthy politicians to indifferent citizens, the system of election administration often goes unrecognized. In fact, public officials charged with registering voters and operating the polls on election day literally act as the "gatekeepers to the franchise." By blocking or facilitating a citizen's ability to vote, they shape democratic participation.
In this timely study, political scientist Ron Hayduk assesses the impact that electoral rules, registration procedures, and on-the-ground operations of New York's state and city election boards have had upon voters' participation and election outcomes over the past 130 years. This in-depth case study documents the ways in which certain practices not only disenfranchise eligible individuals but disproportionately affect low-income and minority groups. It also provides alarming evidence that the debacle in Florida during the 2000 presidential election was not unique. Partisanship and the corruption it fosters have been built into the American system of election administration.
At the same time, however, Hayduk argues that expansive election practices and efficient administration do encourage registration and voting. Bringing his research up to the 2004 presidential election, he evaluates the reforms instituted by the Help America Vote Act. In the conclusion, he offers a candid discussion of other proposed measures for ensuring that all citizens can exercise their right to vote.
Allen Hershkowitz (foreword and original designs by Maya Lin), Bronx Ecology: Blueprint for a New Environmentalism (Washington, DC: Island Press, 2002)
"The Bronx Community Paper Company teaches us that we have the power, if we muster the will, creativity, and cooperation, to recover lost pieces of America's environment, return them to good health, protect other lands and resources from being destroyed, and even create environmentally friendly jobs in the process." ?President Bill Clinto.
In 1991, frustrated by the failure of lawmakers to produce meaningful progress on environmental issues, Allen Hershkowitz, a scientist with the Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC) opted for an innovative approach. Resolving to put market forces to work for the environment, Hershkowitz devised a plan to develop a world-scale recycled-paper mill on the site of an abandoned rail yard in the South Bronx.
Created in collaboration with colleagues at NRDC, the private sector, government, unions, and community groups, and with a building designed by renowned architect and designer Maya Lin, the Bronx Community Paper Company (BCPC) was intended to put the ideas of industrial ecology to work in a project that not only avoided exacerbating environmental problems but actually remediated them. One of the primary goals of the project was to show that environmental protection, job production, social assistance, economic development, and private-sector profitability can work together in a mutually supportive fashion.
Unfortunately, it didn't quite turn out like that. In Bronx Ecology, Hershkowitz tells the story of the BCPC from its earliest inception to its final demise nearly ten years later. He describes the technical, economic, and competitive barriers that arose throughout the project as well as the decisive political and legal blows that doomed their efforts to secure financing, ultimately killing the project.
Interwoven with the BCPC tale is Hershkowitz's vision for a new, engaged environmentalism, complete with principles for a new era of industrial development that combines social and environmental responsibility with a firm commitment to profit-making. As Hershkowitz explains, while the project was never built, its groundbreaking collaboration can hardly be considered a failure. Rather the BCPC, in the words of veteran environmental journalis.
Philip Shabecoff, "can be seen as the beginning of a learning process for entrepreneurial environmentalism, a pathway to a new approach in the 21st century." Bronx Ecology offers a compelling vision of that exciting new pathway.
In 1991, environmental scientist Hershkowitz decided to transform an abandoned railway yard in the South Bronx into a world-scale recycling mill that would take advantage of the 12,600 tons of paper discarded in New York City daily. Ten years later, without a scrap of paper recycled, he details the technical, economic, and competitive barriers that obstructed the project, as well as the political and legal blows that prevented financing and ultimately killed his project. Hershkowitz, now affiliated with the Natural Resources Defense Council in New York City, uses his experience to provide a model for responsible development and entrepreneurial environmentalism, and a guidebook for industrial reform.
Joseph Kling and Prudence S. Posner, Dilemmas of Activism: Class, Community, and the Politics of Local Mobilization (Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1990)
Through the 1980s, collective resistance to conditions of economic deprivation, social insecurity, and political control have become more parochial, fragmented, and reactive, rather than transformational. In order to challenge these trends activists need to sort through the understanding and practice they bring to their work in communities and organizations. The essays in Dilemmas of Activism contribute to that reexamination. Focusing on three dilemmas that inherently shape the issues and strategies around which people mobilize, the contributors look at the ways in which both class and community create frameworks for activism at the local level.
Joseph Kling and Robert Fisher (editors), Mobilizing the Community: Local Politics in the Era of the Global City (Urban Affairs Annual Reviews, Vol. 41) (Newbury Park, Calif.: SAGE Publications, 1993)
Description by Housing Studies:
In an era of global transition, contemporary grassroots organizing represents the dominant form of resistance available to people who seek to control their lives. It is the basis for restoring public life, empowering individuals and communities, and challenging the state and the capital. Through empirically based case studies and theoretical essays, Mobilizing the Community discusses strategies, tactics, ideology, and leadership often used in grassroots mobilization. It covers citizen initiatives, ethnic self-help organizations, community-based development and service delivery programs, political lobbying and advocacy efforts, political party building, and direct action protest groups. The empowerment of various groups--middle-class suburbanites, the poor, women, gay men, lesbian women, communists, neopopulists, workers, immigrants, hispanics, and blacks--is addressed. This comprehensive volume provides powerful suggestions to scholars, practitioners, and analysts of urban studies and political science, as well as activists. "This is a very useful volume. Its emphasis on the process of community organizing leads to a focus on tactics, strategy, resource acquisition and alliance formation. This compliments the more usual survey studies of movement participants which tend to be static and give equal weight to each individual."
Andrew Kolin, The Ethical Foundations of Hume's Theory of Politics (New York: Peter Lang, 1991)
The terms nature and artifice date back to the origins of western political thought. Historically, political philosophers have debated using either nature or artifice to explain the foundations of politics. This book demonstrates it is possible to reconcile nature and artifice, using the arguments presented by the great political philosopher of the Scottish Enlightenment, David Hume. Through a careful analysis of Hume's political writings, it traces how a definition of politics as nature and artifice must be understood in an historical context.
«Kolin has written an original interpretation of Hume's politics. The originality of this book is how Kolin demonstrates Hume's Theory of Politics as a tension between nature and artifice. His discussion of property and Rousseau illustrate how he challenges the notion that Hume is a conservative about politics.» Marshall Berman, Graduate Center & City College, City University of New York
«Professor Kolin's analysis of the relation between private property and the common welfare yields new insights into Hume's political thought and also bearsd irectly on contemporary debate on the scope and limit of the Free Market.» Martin Fleisher, Graduate Center,City University of New York
Jean Krasno, Bradd C. Hayes, Donald C. F. Daniel (Editors), Leveraging for Success in United Nations Peace Operations (Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers, 2003)
Peacekeeping has become one of the most important tasks of the United Nations, with more than 55 missions created since 1948. Peacekeeping is one of the only multilateral tools that the member states have to address conflicts in all parts of the world. Over 44,000 troops from 90 countries are deployed today. Drawing on first-hand accounts of participants in past peacekeeping successes and failures, this study focuses on how better to ensure success through the use of leverage as a central tool.
Jean Krasno and James S. Sutterlin, United Nations and Iraq: Defanging the Viper (Westport, CT: Greenwood/Praeger Publishers, 2003)
Following the Gulf War from 1991 to 1998, the United Nations Special Commission (UNSCOM) was created to unveil and eliminate Iraq's weapons of mass destruction through inspections. This study describes how UNSCOM was designed to maintain its independence and authority, detailing the dramatic events that occurred as UNSCOM attempted to deal with an intransigent Iraq. Krasno and Sutterlin outline the special intelligence skills that UNSCOM developed over the years in response to Iraqi tactics. They also provide an accounting of UNSCOM achievements and analyze remaining concerns.
Along with documentary research, much of the information in this book was obtained through a series of interviews with key players, including the Executive Directors, several UNSCOM inspectors, and a number of ambassadors to the United Nations who were directly involved. Concerns about Iraq's remaining weapons capabilities, particularly its biological and chemical weapons, have become increasingly relevant since the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks and the ensuing anthrax threat. This study provides insight about the disarming of Iraq, as well what lessons can be learned from the UNSCOM experiment.
Krasno and Sutterin, both political scientists at Yale, offer an in-depth study of the United Nations' Special Commission (UNSCOM) and its efforts to find and eliminate Iraq's weapons of mass destruction in the 1990s. Drawing on documentary evidence as well as interviews with the executive directors and members of the commission, they outline the inspectors' work, Iraq's "noncompliance and untrustworthy behavior," and the achievements the commission had in spite of that behavior. It may seem moot at this point, given that war with Iraq is a fait accompli, but for those interested in assessing for themselves the role of UNSCOM's work, this is balanced and enlightening-if dry-reading. As the authors point out, UNSCOM was a new departure for the UN and a "model of multilateral collaboration" that has lessons to offer for the future regarding the UN's role as an enforcement agency, the effectiveness of economic sanctions, and the importance of a "credible threat of force" against a noncompliant country
" Krasno and Sutterlin provide a thorough analysis of UNSCOM, the UN Special Commission charged with eliminating weapons of mass destruction in Iraq during 1991-98....deals with fascinating subjects, such as the fact that US U-2 intelligence planes were put under UN authority and control. The comparison between the two heads of UNSCOM--Rolf Ekeus of Sweden and Richard Butler of Australia--is also highly interesting. Building on books by some of the individuals involved--such as Butler, Scott Ritter, and Tim Trevan--this study provides much useful information not only on Iraq's weapons policy under Saddam Hussein, but also on the UN system and foreign policy. Highly recommended. Upper-division undergraduates and above."
Jean Krasno (editor), The United Nations: Confronting the Challenges of a Global Society (Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2004)
Despite the high visibility of the United Nations in various peacekeeping operations, the enormous role that it plays in the global arena goes largely unnoticed. This new book focuses on that larger role, bringing to life the evolutionary process of multilateral interaction that is the foundation of the organization, the sometimes heated politics behind its operations, and the key personalities who have shaped it. The authors move from the creation of the UN to the present debates about reform. Their discussion of UN activities - in the areas of human rights, elections, development, disarmament, and peacekeeping - as well as procedures offers an accessible introduction to a complex, critical subject
Lawrence Ladutke, Freedom of Expression in El Salvador: The Struggle for Human Rights and Democracy (Jefferson, N.C.; London : McFarland & Co., 2004)
Both academics and diplomats frequently cite postwar El Salvador as an example of successful conflict resolution and democratization. Salvadoran human rights advocates, however, have had to continually and publicly express their support of key provisions in the 1992 peace accords. This freedom of expression contributed to the punishment of those responsible for the murder of opposition leader Francisco Velis and medical student Adriano Vilanova. Human rights advocates have been less successful in other areas, however, including their opposition to amnesty laws for wartime human rights violators and their work against vigilante death squads.
This study covers the 1992 peace accords, which include the removal of human rights abusers from the military, the creation of a truth commission and the demilitarization of public security. It also discusses the troubling indications that the government is once again reducing the space available for freedom of expression, including the undermining of the Office of the Human Rights Counsel, the hostile attitude of President Francisco Flores, evidence of internal espionage and a changing international context. Later chapters focus on police reform. The book concludes by presenting some suggestions for increasing freedom of expression in transitional societies such as El Salvador. There is much evidence that shows human rights are likely to be a better protected right when citizens and civil society institutions routinely exercise their right to freedom of expression.
Gallya Lahav, Immigration and Politics in the New Europe: Reinventing Borders (Cambridge ; New York : Cambridge University Press, 2004)
With almost a quarter of the world's migrants, Europe has been attempting to regulate migration and harmonize immigration policy at the European level. The central dilemma exposed is how liberal democracies can reconcile the need to control the movement of people with the desire to promote open borders, free markets and liberal standards. Gallya Lahav’s book traces ten years of public opinion and elite attitudes toward immigration cross-nationally to show how and why increasing EU integration may not necessarily lead to more open immigration outcomes. Empirical evidence reveals that support from both elite and public opinion has led to the adoption of restrictive immigration policies despite the requirements of open borders. Unique in bringing together original data on European legislators and national elites, longitudinal data on public opinion and institutional and policy analyses, this study provides an important insight into the processes of European integration, and globalization more broadly.
Journal of European Affairs:
'… very detailed and empirically supported examination … she provides a formidable explanation for attuning increased EU integration with a growing national level of influence in the immigration policy field … Lahav's contribution to the academic study of immigration unquestionably provides a landmark for further research.'
Gallya Lahav and Anthony M. Messina (eds.) The Migration Reader: Exploring Politics and Policies (Boulder, CO., Lynne Rienner Publishers, Forthcoming 2005)
With some 175 million people living outside their country of origin, the phenomenon of transnational migration raises numerous challenges for contemporary societies, states, and international relations. The Migration Reader introduces the key articles and documents that analyze this complex phenomenon and its domestic and international consequences.
Enhanced by the editors' commentary, the selections identify concepts and trends in international migration, review the historical origins of contemporary migration and refugee regimes, consider immigration politics and policies, and explore migration in a global context. The result is an intellectual window through which students can better understand the changes occurring in the international environment and in state-society relations within both affluent and less-developed countries.
"This intelligent and comprehensive collection fills a conspicuous void, addressing the major issues raised by international migration. It will work well in both undergraduate and graduate courses."—
Gary P. Freeman, University of Texas at Austin
Stan Luger, Corporate Power, American Democracy and the Automobile Industry, (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2000).
This book offers a critical history of government policy toward the US automobile industry in order to assess the impact of the large corporation on American democracy. It offers the first book-length treatment of the power of the nation's largest industry. Drawing together the main policy issues affecting the automobile industry over the past forty years - occupant safety, emissions, fuel economy and trade - the work examines how the industry established its hegemony over the public perception of vehicle safety to inhibit federal regulation and the battle for federal regulation which succeeded in toppling this hegemony in 1966; the subsequent efforts to include pollution emissions and fuel economy under federal mandates in the 1970s; the industry's resurgence of influence in the 1980s; and the mixed pattern of influence in the 1990s. The analysis seeks to uncover factors that enhance corporate political influence, and those that constrain corporate power, allowing for public interest forces to be successful.
McSherry, J. Patrice, Incomplete Transition: Military Power and Democracy in Argentina (New York: Palgrave, 1997)
Incomplete Transition: Military Power and Democracy in Argentina addresses Argentina's transition to democracy and the role of the military-security forces in conditioning that transition. It challenges the standard view of Argentina as a case of transition from authoritarian rule "by collapse" followed by a period of high military contestation and low prerogatives. After the transition powerful sectors of the armed forces--still influenced by national security norms and ideology--shaped the democratization process more than is usually recognized and acted to re-establish tutelary functions vis-à-vis the citizenry, confine civilian power, and limit the democratic opening to conform to national security criteria. While their success was only partial, due to the counterweight of democratizing actors in government and society, the case of Argentina suggests that democratization is an ongoing struggle, with advances and reversions. More useful than linear models or static categories—which blind us to persisting tendencies to expand the military role in society--are conceptual frameworks that capture the dynamics of social conflict and struggles for power that shape democratization processes and civil-military relations.
McSherry, J. Patrice, Predatory States: Operation Condor and Covert War in Latin America (Rowman & Littlefield, 2005)
Operation Condor was a secret, transnational Latin American military network created in the 1970s that used the methods of terror to eliminate exiled political opponents. Predatory States: Operation Condor and Covert War in Latin America (Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2005) reveals new details of Condor operations and new evidence of links to the U.S. security establishment, and offers an original analysis of the use of secret, parallel armies such as Condor in Western counterinsurgency strategies. Parastatal forces such as death squads—composed of paramilitary, parapolice, and civilian elements—functioned as an integral part of state internal security structures and counterinsurgency campaigns condoned by elite groups in Latin America as well as their key foreign ally, the United States. Predatory States shows how parallel state structures such as Condor, and counterinsurgency wars, radically reshaped state and society and left a trail of human rights violations in Latin America. The book draws on research conducted in six countries and in U.S. declassified document archives.
Maria K. Mitchell, Judith Lloyd Storfjell (eds.), Standards of Excellence for Community Health Organizations (New York: National League for Nursing, 1989)
Vernon L. Mogensen , Office Politics: Computers and the Flight for Safety and Health in the Information Age (New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 1996)
The desktop computer has transformed office work. Business and social forecasters claimed that the use of video display terminals (VDTs) in the "Office of the Future" would free workers from routine tasks, giving them more time for creative work and chances for career advancement. Office Politics argues that, for many VDT workers--most of whom are nonunionized women in low-paying, dead-end jobs--exactly the opposite has been true. VDTs have been used to routinize office tasks; export work via satellite to low-wage, nonunion offshore offices; to de-skill workers and monitor their productivity. And the nature of the work has led to widespread health and safety problems, including vision, musculoskeletal (repetitive motion), and stress-related illnesses. Many have also charged that the electromagnetic fields (EMFs) emitted by computer terminals are responsible for miscarriages, for birth defects, and for promoting cancer.
As office workers sought to protect themselves against these new occupational health and safety problems, they found little help from organized labor, business, or the government. Office Politics is the first book to explain why. It shows how corporate interests successfully redefined the VDT health and safety crisis as a "comfort" problem, how the government refused to collect data on the true scope of VDT-related illnesses or to regulate Information Age industries, and how labor unions ignored women workers.
Office Politics is key reading for everyone who works at a computer. It will be of special interest to students, academics, and professionals in political science, sociology, occupational and environmental health, business, labor and management issues, women's studies, computing, and public policy.
"An eye-opening book about the politics of the latest frontier in the age-old struggle for worker safety in the United States. A must read!"
Frances Fox Piven, Graduate Center, City University of New York
Mohammad-Mahmoud Mohamedou, Iraq and the Second Gulf War: State Building and Regime Security (San Francisco: Austin & Winfield, 1998)
This study examines the foreign policy-making process of the Iraqi leadership during the 1990-1991 Second Gulf War. It analyzes and explains the sequence of decisions that the Baathist regime in Iraq enacted during the crisis and the conflict that followed its invasion of Kuwait on August 2, 1990. A state-centric framework for the analysis of foreign policy behavior is devised and an investigation is made of the events leading up to the war. Iraq and the Second Gulf War provides the scholar, the policy-maker, and the student with a summary of research on the Gulf conflict and on the states of foreign policy analysis at the same time that it pinpoints alternative perspectives. A detailed day-to-day chronology of the Gulf war enhances the book's research value as does an extensive bibliography and index.
Giorgio Natalicchi, Wiring Europe: Reshaping the European Telecommunications Regime (Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2001)
This comprehensive book explores the radical changes confronting the European telecommunications sector as the long-standing system of separate and state-controlled monopolies has been replaced by a single market based on competition and common norms set by the European Union. After retracing the development of common policies, Giorgio Natalicchi analyzes the role of external and internal forces, such as global competition, national governments, interest groups, and supranational institutions. Employing a variety of conceptual lenses, the author also convincingly demonstrates the implications of the telecoms case for theories of European integration. What emerges is a more complex picture than the one portrayed by current paradigms. Natalicchi's findings justify a new syncretic" approach that combines hypotheses from both the theories on regional integration and those on EU policymaking into a single explanatory model. With its combination of exhaustive research and clear analysis, this authoritative study will be invaluable for scholars in EU studies, comparative politics, and international political economy.
Kathe Newman (Co-author), Committee on Review of Geographic Information Systems Research and applications at HUD: Current Programs and Future Prospects. Committee on Geography. GIS for Housing and Urban Development (Washington, DC: The National Academies Press, 2003)
The report describes potential applications of geographic information systems (GIS) and spatial analysis by HUD’s Office of Policy Development and Research for understanding housing needs, addressing broader issues of urban poverty and community development, and improving access to information and services by the many users of HUD’s data. It offers a vision of HUD as an important player in providing urban data to federal initiatives towards a spatial data infrastructure for the nation
Guy Padula, Madison vs. Marshall: Popular Sovereignty, Natural Law and the United States (Lanham : Lexington Books, 2001, paperback 2002)
Popular Sovereignty or Natural Law? At a time of constitutional crisis in the American body politic, Guy Padula's timely and stimulating new work explores whether the answers to today's heated political debate can only be found by scrutinizing the past. In "Madison v. Marshall" Padula turns the spotlight on the interpretive intent of America's Founding Fathers to discover if the consent of the people or the rule of justice triumphs. Comparing the constitutional theories of the Founding generation's two preeminent constitutional authorities Padula shatters the Originalist 'myth' that Madison and Marshall shared a compatible constitutional jurisprudence. He concludes that the meaning of the Constitution has been contested from the outset. This is essential reading for legal scholars, political scientists and historians seeking to learn more about the fundamental nature of U.S. law and how it should be interpreted
Stephen Pimpare, The New Victorians: Poverty, Politics, and Propaganda in Two Gilded Ages (New York: New Press, 2004)
With the welfare reform of 1996, America abandoned the New Deal's guarantee of poor relief for all eligible people. It was the striking culmination of a political debate in which the nation appeared to turn away from the poor in a decisive and unprecedented fashion. Except, as Stephen Pimpare shows in this eye-opening and engaging book, the assault on the poor was not unprecedented at all. Indeed, remarkably similar arguments were used to disastrous effect in campaigns against aid to the poor in the last quarter of the nineteenth century. Then, as now, a nationwide system of poor relief was dismantled -- from 1873 to 1898, thirty-nine of the fifty largest American cities cut back or eliminated their programs -- by a network of well-heeled, tightly organized, and powerful "reformers." In The New Victorians, Pimpare reveals the disturbing parallels between the anti-welfare propagandists of the nineteenth century and the elite actors and well-funded think tanks of today. Alarmingly, he shows how these New Victorians invoke the rhetoric of their predecessors while ignoring the abject failure of nineteenth-century reforms. And The New Victorians describes the dramatic story of grassroots and elite resistance during the Gilded Age that paved the way for the counter-reforms of the Progressive Era, offering urgent lessons for an era that many have called a new Gilded Age.
Sidney Plotkin, Keep Out: The Struggle for Land Use Control (Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1987)
Sidney Plotkin and William Scheuerman, Private Interests, Public Spending (Cambridge, MA: South End Press, 1994)
Rochelle Saidel, The Outraged Conscience: Seekers of Justice for Nazi War Criminals in America (Albany: State University of New York Press, 1984)
Motivated by moral outrage, a small number of individuals in America today is vigorously protesting the presence here of accused Nazi war criminals and collaborators. The Outraged Conscience documents their individual efforts.
A vital addition to the literature on the Holocaust, this book looks closely at the separate activities of these dedicated seekers of justice. It reveals that they are a diverse lot, each with different reasons for total commitment to the issue.
The Outraged Conscience also probes more general moral questions: Can there be valid justification for the United States government allowing Nazi war criminals to enter the country and, in some cases, employing them? Is there a satisfactory explanation for the years of inaction by government officials, major American Jewish organizations, veteran groups, and the news media on this practice?
The lives, stories, and reasons for involvement of these justice seekers are part of modern American history. This book puts their stories on the record.
"For this book I have waited for a long time."
Rochelle Saidel, The Jewish Women of Ravensbrück Concentration Camp (Madison, Wisc.: University of Wisconsin Press, 2004)
Ravensbrück was the only major Nazi concentration camp for women. Located about fifty miles north of Berlin, the camp was the site of murder by slave labor, torture, starvation, shooting, lethal injection, "medical" experimentation, and gassing.
While this camp was designed to hold 5,000 women, the actual figure was six times this number. Between 1939 and 1945, 132,000 women from twenty-three countries were imprisoned in Ravensbrück, including political prisoners, Jehovah's Witnesses, "asocials" (including Gypsies, prostitutes, and lesbians), criminals, and Jewish women (who made up about 20 percent of the population). Only 15,000 survived.
Drawing upon more than sixty narratives and interviews of survivors in the United States, Israel, and Europe as well as unpublished testimonies, documents, and photographs from private archives, Rochelle Saidel provides a vivid collective and individual portrait of Ravensbrück's Jewish women prisoners. She worked for over twenty years to track down these women whose poignant testimonies deserve to be shared with a wider audience and future generations. Their memoirs provide new perspectives and information about satellite camps (there were about 70 slave labor sub-camps). Here is the story of real daily camp life with the women's thoughts about food, friendships, fear of rape and sexual abuse, hygiene issues, punishment, work, and resistance. Saidel includes accounts of the women's treatment, their daily struggles to survive, their hopes and fears, their friendships, their survival strategies, and the aftermath.
On April 30, 1945, the Soviet Army liberated Ravensbrück. They found only 3,000 extremely ill women in the camp, because the Nazis had sent other remaining women on a death march. The Jewish Women of Ravensbrück Concentration Camp reclaims the lost voices of the victims and restores the personal accounts of the survivors.
Rochelle Saidel, Never Too Late to Remember: The Politics Behind New York City's Holocaust Museum (New Perspectives : Jewish Life and Thought) (New York: Holmes & Meier, 1996)
Description by Publishers Weekly:
This astute, engrossing and comprehensive analysis by Saidel (Outraged Conscience: Seekers of Justice for Nazi War Criminals in America) details the difficult struggle begun in 1947 to build a memorial in New York City to commemorate the six million Jews killed in the Holocaust. Although the city has the largest population of Jewish residents and Holocaust survivors in the U.S., internal conflicts within the Jewish community, as well as the anti-Semitism spurred by red-baiting during the 1950s, defeated early efforts to build a memorial. During the 1970s, a new initiative was launched that had the support of President Carter, Governor Cuomo and N.Y.C. Mayor Koch, all of whom, according to Saidel, politicized the memorial either to gain favor with Jewish voters (Carter and Koch) or to forge advantageous real estate deals (Cuomo), which delayed construction. The memorial is now being built in Battery Park City and is scheduled to open in 1997.
Saidel, a political scientist, has studied the Holocaust for over 20 years and is currently interested in the experiences of women during the Holocaust. Her current book paints a detailed picture of the local, state, and national politics that have contributed to, or worked against, the establishment of the New York Holocaust Museum. Saidel argues that another memorial is necessary because Yad Vashem bends the Holocaust to serve Israeli nationalist ideology, the Washington museum "Americanizes"...
William Scheuerman, The Steel Crisis (NY: Praeger Publishers, 1986)
This book analyzes the causes underlying the decline of the United States steel industry and the impact of that decline on our institutions of procedural democracy. It locates steel's economic demise in the logic of an economy organized for profit maximization and demonstrates how the industry's economic policies helped open the U.S. market to foreign imports while simultaneously forcing steel officials to turn to the government for assistance.
Jeffrey D. Straussman, Innovative Local Authorities (Co-editor, Katalin Levai). (Budapest, Hungary: Local Society Research Group, 1996)
Jeffrey D. Straussman and Barry Bozeman(editors), New Directions in Public Administration (Monterey, CA: Brooks/Cole Publishing Company, 1984)
Jeffrey D. Straussman, Public Administration, second edition. (White Plains, NY: Longman, Inc., 1990)
Jeffrey D. Straussman, Public Management Strategies (Co-author, Barry Bozeman). (San Francisco, CA: Jossey Bass, Inc., 1990)
Jeffrey D. Straussman, The Limits of Technocratic Politics (New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Books, 1978)
Elizabeth Strom, Building the New Berlin (Lanham, Md.: Lexington Books, 2001)
Appraising the redevelopment of Berlin since the late nineteenth century, Elizabeth A. Strom details how the contests between politicians, bureaucrats, architects, and developers have become especially prominent since reunification. Whether addressing the historical struggle to shape the city into the important world capital that it is today, charting the (re)creation of Berlin as a national government center, or exploring the city's massive economic restructuring, Building the New Berlin illustrates the intimate relationship between architecture and politics in an ongoing dialogue about whom the city should serve. Strom suggests that Berlin is a unique case study of city building in the twentieth century due to Berlin's turbulent battles over the central city, the seat of national and local governance. Nonetheless, these tensions provide fertile ground for the study of the central questions of urban political economy. Strom has fashioned an accessible, well-written and perceptive study that not only is a valuable addition to urban development literature, but also provides a foundational understanding of the debate and controversy in the planning of Berlin's city center in the 1990s.
"[In this] necessary book. . . Strom captures the key themes that have come together in a rather unique city going through a rather unique period in its history. In sum, the book is a very helpful volume in assessing the current state of urban planning in Berlin, and offers a number of useful insights into the inflow of capital into the city, and its effects upon the environs, opening up a number of new possibilities for further research."
"Elizabeth Strom has provided an insightful, thoroughly researched, and brilliantly written study. For those who want to understand the urban transformation of Berlin, both theoretically and empirically, this book provides a valuable starting point."
"As an analysis of development planning and politics, this work is incisive and will definitely make a significant contribution to the fields of urban planning and politics.
Alan DiGaetano, Baruch College and Graduate Center, City University of New York
Harold J. Sullivan, Civil Rights and Liberties: Provocative Questions and Evolving Answers (Prentice Hall, 2000).
This book examines contemporary and perennial constitutional issues in civil liberties and rights by posing questions designed to engage readers in an exploration of how and why U.S. Supreme Court Justices have interpreted the provisions of the U.S. Constitution relating to Freedom of Expression and Religion, and Equal Protection and Privacy. Each question is followed by an essay “answer” that explores, in a thought-provoking manner, the variety of ways these issues have been responded to in real cases. Chapter titles include: In Defense of Liberty; The First Amendment and Freedom of Expression; Freedom of Religion; Equality Under the Constitution; Privacy and Reproductive Freedom; Contemporary Issue of Equality and Freedom; and What is the Future of Constitutional Rights and Liberties in America? For Americans interested in the changing circumstances shaping our future, and the U.S. Supreme Court's reaction to them.
Thompson, Michael J. (editor) ,Confronting the New Conservatism: The Rise of the Right in America (New York, New York: New York University Press, 2007)
William Kristol, Paul Wolfowitz, Donald Rumsfeld, Condoleeza Rice, George F. Will, Jeanne Kirkpatrick, John Bolton. These are today's neoconservatives. Confident, clear-cut, and a political force to be reckoned with. But how to define this new conservatism? What is new about it? In this volume, some of today's top political scholars take on the charge of explaining, defining, and confronting the new conservatism of the last 25 years. The authors examine the ideas, policies and roots of this ideological movement showing that contemporary neoconservatism has been able to blend many of the aspects of social conservatism-such as religious populism and nationalism-with economic liberalism and the rhetoric of equality of opportunity and individualism. With their emphasis on dismantling the welfare state and a rhetorical return to economic laissez faire and individual rights, neconservatives have been able to harness populist sentiment in terms of both economics and cultural issues. And with their belief in moral and cultural "simplicity," their turn away from science, their conviction in American superiority on the global stage, and their embrace of "anti-government" rhetoric, they have effectively changed the nature of the American political landscape.
The contributors to Confronting the New Conservatism offer a trenchant analysis and substantive critique of the neoconservative ethos, arguing that it is an ideology that needs to be better understood if change is to be had.
Contributors: Stanley Aronowitz, Chip Berlet, Stephen Eric Bronner, Lawrence Davidson, Greg Grandin, Philip Green, Diana M. Judd, Thomas M. Keck, Charles Noble, R. Claire Snyder, Michael J. Thompson, and Nicholas Xenos.
Michael J. Thompson (editor) , Islam and the West: Critical Perspectives on Modernity (Lanham, Maryland: Rowman & Littlefield, Inc., 2003)
The essays in Islam and the West: Critical Perspectives on Modernity approach the interactions of Islam, the West, and modernity through overlapping social, historical, economic, cultural, and philosophical layers. Viewed through this complex prism of analysis, the full dimensions of the relationship become clear and the result is a deeper understanding of the nature of modernity and how other societies can relate to each other.
Bronner, Stephen Eric and Michael J. Thompson (editors) ,The Logos Reader: Rational Radicalism and the Future of Politics (Lexington, Kentucky: University Press of Kentucky, 2005)
Founded in 2002, Logos: A Journal of Modern Society and Culture was established in response to the increasing erosion of a left political culture and the new possibilities for international political engagement and cooperation produced by the Internet.
The Logos Reader brings together the most influential and controversial work to appear in the journal. In its pages, writers of exceptional stature such as Stanley Aronowitz, Ulrich Beck, Drucilla Cornell, Fred Dallmayr, Jürgen Habermas, Douglas Kellner, and Eric Rouleau articulate liberal and socialist values even as they retain theoretical viewpoints influenced by critical theory. The contributors deal with some of the most pressing political issues of our age, including transnational developments, U.S. foreign policy, the Iraqi War, the plight of the Palestinians, and the domestic concerns currently dominating American politics.
Thompson, Michael J., The Politics of Inequality: A Political History of the Idea of Economic Inequality in America (New York, New York: Columbia University Press, 2007)
Since the early days of the American republic, political thinkers have maintained that a grossly unequal division of property, wealth, and power would lead to the erosion of democratic life. Yet over the past thirty-five years, neoconservatives and neoliberals alike have redrawn the tenets of American liberalism. Nowhere is this more evident than in our current mainstream political discourse, in which the politics of economic inequality are rarely discussed.
In this impassioned book, Michael J. Thompson reaches back into America's rich intellectual history to reclaim the politics of inequality from the distortion of recent American conservatism. He begins by tracing the development of the idea of economic inequality as it has been conceived by political thinkers throughout American history. Then he considers the change in ideas and values that have led to the acceptance and occasional legitimization of economic divisions. Thompson argues that American liberalism has made a profound departure from its original practice of egalitarian critique. It has all but abandoned its antihierarchical and antiaristocratic discourse. Only by resuscitating this tradition can democracy again become meaningful to Americans.
The intellectuals who pioneered egalitarian thinking in America believed political and social relations should be free from all forms of domination, servitude, and dependency. They wished to expose the antidemocratic character of economic life under capitalism and hoped to prevent the kind of inequalities that compromise human dignity and freedom-the core principles of early American politics. In their wisdom is a much broader, more compelling view of democratic life and community than we have today, and with this book, Thompson eloquently and adamantly fights to recover this crucial strand of political thought.
Joseph Viteritti, Across the River: Politics and Education in the City (New York and London: Holmes & Meier Publishers, 1983)
Description by New York Times Book Review
"By working from 1978 to 1981 as a special assistant to Frank Macchiarolla, the Chancellor of New York City public schools, Joseph P. Viteritti got a chance to see policy made and implemented."
Joseph Viteritti, Bureaucracy and Social Justice: The Allocation of Jobs and Services to Minority Groups (Port Washington, NY and London: Kennikat Press, 1979)
Joseph Viteritti , Choosing Equality: School Choice, The Constitution and Civil Society (Washington, D.C. : Brookings Institution Press, 1999)
America is now in the second generation of debate on school choice. The first was prompted by the provocative voucher proposal conceived by Milton Friedman in 1955 and brought into the mainstream by Chubb and Moe's seminal book Politics, Markets, and American Schools (Brookings, 1990). It introduced a pure market model in which schools would be publicly financed but privately operated. While opponents continue to contend that choice will lead to the demise of public education, the weakening of civil society, and the fostering of separate and unequal systems of education, Joseph P. Viteritti argues that these long-held assertions must give way to present realities. The rich and diverse experience we have had with magnet schools, controlled choice, inter-district choice, charter schools, privately funded vouchers, and public vouchers in Milwaukee and Cleveland provides a solid basis for crafting a choice policy that enhances the educational opportunities of children whose needs are not being met by the present system of public education.
Drawing on his background as a political scientist, legal scholar, and education practitioner, Viteritti starts his book with the promise articulated in the landmark Brown decision of 1954. After reviewing a variety of policy initiatives enacted to promote educational opportunity, he finds that the nation has fallen short of providing decent schooling for its most disadvantaged children, and in so doing has delayed the movement toward social and political equality. Viteritti does not contend that choice in the form of charter schools or vouchers for the poor is a solution to racial inequality, but he believes that these forms of choice can move the country in the proper direction. He insists that the nation cannot pretend to have a serious commitment to the goal of educational equality as long as choice is available only to those with the private means to afford it.
Acknowledging the serious legal and civic concerns registered by choice opponents, Viteritti turns their arguments on their heads. He proposes that providing poor people with public support to attend religious schools is consistent with the pluralist constitutional model envisioned by Madison and the practices common to contemporary democratic societies. He explains how denying choice to the poor undermines the redistributive social agenda of the modern liberal state, and how a strict standard of church-state separation is out of touch with the culture of poor minority communities where the church is the most viable institution for social progress. Viteritti warns that by failing to appreciate the crucial role that religious congregations play in inner-city neighborhoods, liberal social analysts have compromised the civic vitality of poor communities. He also admonishes conservatives to abandon the pure market approach to education reform in favor of a choice policy designed specifically to benefit the poor. He concludes that choice merits support from all sides of the political spectrum, because a sound education is an essential foundation for any policy strategy designed to promote a healthy democratic society.
In this passionately argued polemic in favor of school choice, New York University public administration professor Viteritti sets forth a proposal for a tax-supported choice or "voucher" program that would be open only to low-income children, who would be able to choose among public schools, independent private schools or religious schools. Viteritti says his plan, which particularly aims to help black and Hispanic students stuck in inadequate inner-city schools, has much in common with the redistributive social policies usually identified with a liberal agenda. But opponents of school choice will likely peg this as a conservative program that would weaken public education, fragment schools along ethnic, cultural and religious lines and undermine the separation of church and state. To these critics, Viteritti retorts that school choice will create healthy competition, inducing public schools to shape up; that minority and poor children do significantly better academically when given a choice of schools; and that today's public education system is oppressive and antiegalitarian because it deters economically disadvantaged parents from sending their kids to parochial schools. Public education's secularist ethos, he argues, goes against the pluralism that animated the early American republic. Viteritti includes a detailed assessment of assorted choice programs, such as curriculum-enriched "magnet schools," inter-district choice, black independent schools (which he endorses, while others see them as a step backward toward segregation) and state-chartered public schools that give teachers and administrators greater autonomy in setting policy and curriculum in exchange for higher levels of accountability. Voucher plans recently enacted in Milwaukee, Cleveland and the state of Florida will intensify the fierce national debate on this issue and ensure the timeliness of Viteritti's scholarly manifesto.
Washington Post, September 20, 1999:
"It's getting harder to be a compassionate opponent of vouchers. Viteritti's book may have pushed me over the line." --This text refers to the Hardcover edition.
Joseph Viteritti and Diane Ravitch (eds.), City Schools: Lessons from New York (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2000)
City Schools brings together a distinguished group of researchers, and educators for an in-depth look at the nation's largest school system. Topics covered include the changing demographics of city schools, the impending teacher shortage, reading instruction, special education, bilingual education, school governance, charter schools, choice, school finance reform, and collective bargaining. The book also provides fresh and fascinating perspectives on Catholic schools, Jewish day schools, and historically black independent schools. The authors explore pedagogical, institutional, and policy issues in an urban school system whose challenges are those of American urban education writ large.
Joseph Viteritti and Diane Ravitch (eds.), Kid Stuff: Marketing Sex and Violence to America's Children (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2003)
American children spend a substantial part of their lives watching television and movies, playing video games, and listening to music containing explicit sex and violence. From Doom and Grand Theft Auto III to Eminem and Marilyn Manson, a strain of the popular culture has become increasingly toxic. One of the most pressing--and controversial--issues facing parents and educators in America today is understanding how exposure to these media affects the social and psychological development and behavior of children and teenagers.
In Kid Stuff, Diane Ravitch and Joseph P. Viteritti bring together experts in media studies, child psychology, and public health to assess the dangers posed by "tox pop" to American society. Drawing on thirty years of research, the contributors find convincing evidence that such "entertainment" can harm children and teenagers, despite the self-serving denials of the media industry. Balancing their concerns for the welfare of children with respect for the First Amendment, Kid Stuff furthers the ongoing dialogue about how a democratic society can protect its children from the pernicious extremes of popular media.
Contributors: Craig A. Anderson, Jeffrey Jensen Arnett, Peter G. Christenson, Edward Donnerstein, Jeanne B. Funk, Todd Gitlin, Kay S. Hymowitz, Elisabeth Lasch-Quinn, Nell Minow, Newton Minow, Thomas N. Robinson, Stacy L. Smith
Joseph Viteritti and Diane Ravitch (eds.), Making Good Citizens: Education and Civil Society (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2001)
Americans have reason to be concerned about the condition of American democracy at the start of the twenty-first century. Surveys show that civic participation has declined, cynicism about government has increased, and young people have a weak grasp of the principles that underlie our constitutional system. Crucial questions must be answered: How serious is the situation? What role do schools play in shaping civic behavior? Are current education reform initiatives--such as multiculturalism and school choice--counterproductive? How can schools contribute toward reversing the trend? This volume brings together leading thinkers from a variety of disciplines to probe the relation between a healthy democracy and education. Their original and provocative discussions cut across a range of important topics: the cultivation of democratic values, the formation of social capital in schools and communities, political conflict in a pluralist society, the place of religion in public life, the enduring problems of racial inequality. Gathering together the most current research and thinking on education and civil society, this is a book that deserves the attention of everyone who cares about the quality and future of American democracy
"This thought-provoking collection is a useful start for considering how our schools might move beyond the platitudes of multiculturalism."
Gary Rosen, New York Times Book Review;
"Several contributions offer trenchant insights on the relation among education, religion, and civic involvement . . . [and another] adds an invaluable international perspective to what is too often an insular debate about educational policies."
David Steiner, Journal of Education
In this timely book, Ravitch and Viteritti, professors at New York University and coeditors of New Schools for a New Century, explore the link between education and citizenship through a series of essays by contributors from a broad spectrum of educational institutions. Some of the essays are research-oriented, filled with charts and data from various studies, while others are less technical. All consider some aspect of the role of education in shaping students for civic responsibility. For example, is it wrong to stress patriotism to American students? Should our top priority be teaching students the importance of being a U.S. citizen, or should we instead stress that they are citizens of the globe? If the number of Americans who volunteer for civic and political causes is decreasing, is U.S. education to blame? And how can teachers instill values such as honesty when students see that in politics and entertainment corruption often is rewarded? There's something here for everyone, from the academic interested in data to the common citizen wondering what, if anything, is wrong with American education. The essays are well written and thought-provoking. For most collections.
Terry Christner, Hutchinson P.L., KS
Joseph Viteritti , (Co-Edit) New Schools for a New Century: The Redesign of Urban Education (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1997)
In this book a group of nationally renowned scholars discusses a variety of approaches to urban school reform-charter schools, contracting arrangements, and choice-aimed at improving educational opportunities for all children. Essays explore the lessons to be learned from Catholic schools, site-based management, and private entrepreneurs, as well as developments in New York, Chicago, and Milwaukee.
New Schools for a New Century is a collection of 10 essays that examine educational reform from many different perspectives. There is, for example, the Edison Project, a for-profit venture that now operates in a dozen different locations. Edison Project schools emphasize the school as a community in which students and teachers remain together for several years, and teachers have time for teaching instead of being forced to shoulder administrative burdens. At the opposite end of the spectrum is the Catholic school model. In her essay, Valerie E. Lee discusses why Catholic schools have a greater success rate, even with the poorest, most disadvantaged students, than their public-school counterparts. According to Lee, it comes down to a common vision of education and a definite moral code by which students are expected to live.
New Schools for a New Century suggests that school reform must happen from the outside, not from within. With such powerful insiders as the teachers' unions and local school boards fighting to maintain the status quo, it will take new ideas and determined advocates to affect real change. In examining some of these new ideas, New Changes for a New Century opens up some compelling, if uncomfortable, questions about the state of education today--and in the future.
The New York Times Book Review:
New Schools for a New Century is both an enormously hopeful book and, at least for liberals, a very uncomfortable one. In his essay on the persistence of public school failure, Chester Finn complains that "we are easily" seduced by the idea of public schools, though not by public housing, welfare or transportation. He would like us to get over this fixation.... We should cherish the publicness of public schools; the ultimate goal of all reform is to make public schools work for...
Joseph Viteritti, Police, Politics and Pluralism in New York City: A Comparative Case Study (Beverly Hills and London: Sage Publications, 1973)
Brian Waddell, The War Against the New Deal: World War II and American Democracy (DeKalb: Northern Illiois University Press, 2001)
Waddell addresses a central paradox in American governance: How did a strong national security state arise within a weak federal structure? He argues that on the political home front, World War II represented the victory of the warfare state over the nascent New Deal welfare state - a victory with important consequences for American democracy. The warfare state defeated the New Deal's labor and academic supporters, thereby increasing the national capacity for global involvement while undermining the implementation of New Deal programs." "The War Against the New Deal describes the role economic interests played in tipping the balance in wartime struggles over resources and power - and the results of increasing corporate influence within the federal government. It reveals how the warfare state legitimized the growth of national state power during the post-war years and how it strengthened, without democratizing, the American government."
Waddell (political science, U. of Connecticut) writes that an alliance created between the military and corporate America during WWII waged a war that put an end to the domestically focused, New Deal forces, with results that have weakened the government. He traces the economics and policies of this alliance and argues that it has served to limited American democratic process. He concludes by suggesting that current US involvement in global affairs "reflects both the heavy influence of corporate power within the fragmented US political order and the limits of political interventionism and democratic government in a capitalistic society".
Stephen K. White, Cambridge Companion to Habermas (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1995)
This volume examines the historical and intellectual contexts out of which Habermas' work emerged, and offers an overview of his main ideas, including those in his most recent publication. Among the topics discussed are: his relationship to Marx and the Frankfurt School of critical theory, his unique contributions to the philosophy of social sciences, the concept of "communicative ethics," and the critique of postmodernism. Particular attention is paid to Habermas' recent work on democratic theory and the constitutional state.
Stephen K. White, Edmund Burke: Modernity, Politics, and Aesthetics (Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 1994, 2002)
Edmund Burke: Modernity, Politics, and Aesthetics examines the philosophy of Burke in view of its contribution to our understanding of modernity. Burke's relevance, until recently, has lain in how his critique of the French Revolution bolstered arguments against revolutionary communism. As that threat recedes, should we allow Burke's significance to recede as well? Stephen K. White argues that Burke remains important because he shows us how modernity engenders an implicit forgetfulness of human finitude. White illustrates this theme by showing how Burke's political thought, his judgment of the "modern system of morality and policy," and its taste for a "false sublime" are structured by his aesthetics. In the late 20th century, an undemocratic thinker such as Burke may not have answers to our problems, but we might do well to let him deepen the questions that we ask.
Stephen K. White, Political Theory and Postmodernism (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1991)
Postmodernism has evoked great controversy and it continues to do so today, as it disseminates into general discourse. Some see its principles, such as its fundamental resistance to metanarratives, as frighteningly disruptive, while a growing number are reaping the benefits of its innovative perspective. In Political Theory and Postmodernism, Stephen K. White outlines a path through the postmodern problematic by distinguishing two distinct ways of thinking about the meaning of responsibility, one prevalent in modern and the other in postmodern perspectives. Using this as a guide, White explores the work of Heidegger, Foucault, Derrida, Lyotard, and Habermas, as well as 'difference' feminists, with the goal of showing how postmodernism can inform contemporary ethical-political reflection. In his concluding chapter, White examines how this revisioned postmodern perspective might bear on our thinking about justice.
Stephen K. White, The Recent Work of Jürgen Habermas : Reason, Justice and Modernity (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1988)
Jürgen Habermas is one of the foremost philosophers and social theorists in the world today, but the complexity and breadth of his thought make him often difficult to understand. This book offers a clear, accessible, and reliable introduction to Habermas' work, particularly that which he has written in the 1970s and 1980s when new themes and directions have emerged in his thought. The author explains the ideas that characterize Habermas' later work, locating them in the context of contemporary debates, and demonstrates how they constitute the beginnings of a coherent and distinctive new research program.
Stephen K. White, Sustaining Affirmation: The Strengths of Weak Ontology in Political Theory (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2000)
In light of many recent critiques of Western modernity and its conceptual foundations, the problem of adequately justifying our most basic moral and political values looms large. Without recourse to traditional ontological or metaphysical foundations, how can one affirm--or sustain--a commitment to fundamentals? The answer, according to Stephen White, lies in a turn to "weak" ontology, an approach that allows for ultimate commitments but at the same time acknowledges their historical, contestable character. This turn, White suggests, is already underway. His book traces its emergence in a variety of quarters in political thought today and offers a clear and compelling account of what this might mean for our late modern self-understanding.
As he elaborates the idea of weak ontology and the broad criteria behind it, White shows how these are already at work in the thought of contemporary writers of seemingly very different perspectives: George Kateb, Judith Butler, Charles Taylor, and William Connolly. Among these thinkers, often thought to be at odds, he exposes the commonalities that emerge around the idea of weak ontology. In its identification of a critical turn in political theory, and its nuanced explanation of that turn, his book both demonstrates and underscores the strengths of weak ontology.
Stephen K. White; J. Donald Moon (Eds.) What is Political Theory? (Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 2004)
What Is Political Theory? provides students with a comprehensive overview of the current state of the discipline. Ten substantive chapters address the most pressing topics in political theory today, including:
- what resources do the classic texts still provide for political theorists?
- what areas will political theorists focus on in the future?
- can western political theory alone continue to provide a framework for responding to the challenges of modern political life?
The authors assess the intellectual challenges to conventional political theory, such as post-structuralism and the scientific study of politics that have revitalized the field in the last 30 years. They also broaden the perspective to take in non-western ideas and to reconceptualize political theory in the light of specifically global challenges.
Students and teachers of political theory and political philosophy will find this book invaluable in understanding the factors that have shaped current political theory and which will guide its future development.
Stephen K. White (ed.), Lifeworld and Politics: Between Modernity and Post-Modernity: Essays in Honor of Fred R. Dallmayr (Chicago, IL: University of Notre Dame Press, 1989)
Life-World and Politics explores one of the most dramatic insights of
philosophy in our century-that "of the unthought within our thought, the
unreason of our reason, the unconscious of our conscious."