Ali Mokdad, PhD
Monday, February 10 4:30-6:00pm
(followed by a wine and cheese reception)
Ali Mokdad, PhD
Professor of Global Health
Institute for Health Metrics
University of Washington
The state of US health, 1990-2010: burden of diseases, injuries, and risk factors.
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Understanding the major health problems in the United States and how they are changing over time is critical for informing national health policy. We measured the burden of diseases, injuries, and leading risk factors in the United States from 1990 to 2010. We used the systematic analysis of descriptive epidemiology of 291 diseases and injuries, 1160 sequelae of these diseases and injuries, and 67 risk factors or clusters of risk factors. US life expectancy for both sexes combined increased from 75.2 years in 1990 to 78.2 years in 2010. The diseases and injuries with the largest number of years of life lost (YLLs) in 2010 were ischemic heart disease, lung cancer, stroke, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and road injury. The diseases with the largest number of years lived with disability (YLDs) in 2010 were low back pain, major depressive disorder, other musculoskeletal disorders, neck pain, and anxiety disorders. The leading risk factors related to Disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) were dietary risks, tobacco smoking, high body mass index, high blood pressure, high fasting plasma glucose, physical inactivity, and alcohol use. From 1990 to 2010, the United States made substantial progress in improving health. However, morbidity and chronic disability now account for nearly half of the US health burden, and improvements in population health in the United States have not kept pace with advances in population health in other wealthy nations. Moreover, there are huge disparities in risk factors among communities in the US.
About the speaker
Ali Mokdad, PhD, is Director of Middle Eastern Initiatives and Professor of Global Health at the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) at the University of Washington. Prior to this, Dr. Mokdad worked at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Chronic Diseases Prevention and Promotion, where he was Chief of the Behavioral Surveillance Branch. Dr. Mokdad also managed and directed the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS), the world’s largest standardized telephone survey, which enables the CDC, state health departments, and other health and education agencies to monitor risk behaviors related to the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in the United States. He is the lead author of a landmark JAMA publication on the contribution of behavioral factors underlying major causes of death in the United States.
Location: The CUNY Graduate Center, Room C198
365 5th Ave (34th and 5th), New York, NY 10016
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