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Western Intellectual Traditions


MALS students take four classes within the program—Introduction to Graduate Liberal Studies, two core courses in their chosen track, and the thesis—and choose their remaining electives from among all courses offered across the doctoral and certificate programs at the Graduate Center.


MALS Track in Western Intellectual Traditions

The MALS track in Western Intellectual Traditions explores bedrock historical, cultural and literary expressions that contribute to shaping a mindset known as “western.” In a world increasingly interested in global ties and world histories, the track in classical through enlightenment contributions reinserts the western intellectual tradition, a tradition sometimes exalted, sometimes attacked, sometimes adapted to other societies.

Core Courses:

MALS 70500: Classical, Medieval, or Renaissance Culture is an intense survey of selected pieces of ancient literature and legend that have subsequently influenced Western civilization. The chosen literary works are analyzed from an interdisciplinary perspective, combining literature, history, archaeology, religion, culture, politics and philosophy. Certain universal issues are considered as they are conveyed through the literary genres. The class mainly concentrates upon a thorough examination and discussion of the following primary sources: The Epic of Gilgamesh, Hesiod’s Theogony, Homer’s Odyssey, Aeschylus’ Oresteia, Sophocles’ Oedipus Cycle (the Theban plays), Euripides’ Iphigeneia in Aulis, Aristophanes’ The Clouds, Plato’s Apology and Symposium and Virgil’s Aeneid.

MALS 70600: Enlightenment and Critique offers an exploration of the transition to modern forms of critical analysis, features selected authors whose works critiqued the unexamined assumptions of their own periods, assesses the novelty of “the scientific revolution” both in itself and in its impact on socio-political and cultural norms and explores the way revolutionary movements and the ideologies of modern life (the “isms”) derived from these new modes of thinking as well as new modes of economic and social organization. Readings will vary each semester.

Questions about the MALS track in Western Intellectual Traditions may be directed to