The most detailed explorations of ressentiment are those of Friedrich Nietzsche and Max Scheler. For Nietzsche, ressentiment accounts for the emergence of Judeo-Christian morality. For Scheler, it is the “self-poisoning of the mind,” reducing it to “the psychic vicissitudes of weakness” (to phrase it in Wendy Brown’s terms). Firmly situated within the social demands of the political world of Argentina in the early 1960s, León Rozitchner finds an alternative model of ressentiment beyond the Eurocentric canon of Western thought. By discussing Rozitchner’s reconceptualization of ressentiment, this presentation seeks to address the question of how to deal with ressentiment in global politics.
Silvia Dapía is Professor of Latin American Literature and Culture at John Jay College of Criminal Justice and The Graduate Center’s Ph.D. Program in Latin American, Iberian, and Latino Cultures (LAILAC). As a literary scholar, she works at the intersection of Transnational Studies, Gender Studies, Affect Theory and Politics of Emotion in Twentieth- and Twenty-First Century Latin American Literature and Culture, with emphasis on Southern Cone. She is also frequently as concerned with philosophy and literature as she is with subjectivity and embodiment approaches. She is the author of Die Rezeption der Sprachkritik Fritz Mauthners im Werk von Jorge Luis Borges (The Impact of Fritz Mauthner’s Philosophical Critique of Language on Jorge Luis Borges, Böhlau, 1993), which examines the influence of the Austrian philosopher Fritz Mauthner on the Argentinean author; Jorge Luis Borges, Post-Analytic Philosophy, and Representation (Routledge, 2015), which shows how philosophical questions related to representation develop out of literature and actually serve as precursors to the various strains of post-analytic philosophy that later developed in the United States; and editor of Gombrowicz in Transnational Context: Translation, Affect, and Politics (Routledge, 2019), which illuminates the complicated web of transnational contact zones where Polish, Argentinean, French and German cultures intersect to influence Gombrowicz’s work. Her current research project examines the work of the Argentinean philosopher León Rozitchner, particularly his reflections on community, body, and affect, especially ressentiment, sympathy and terror. Her articles appear in numerous scholarly journals such as Chasqui, Diálogos Latinoamericanos, Polish American Studies, Revista de Crítica Literaria Latinoamericana, Revista Iberoamericana, Semiotics, Siglo XX/20th Century, The Polish Review, and Variaciones Borges.
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