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The Black Atlantic @ 20

Income Inequality LIS Book Launch

Graduate Center Faculty Experts on Immigration

INEQUALITY AND ECONOMIC GROWTH: PAUL KRUGMAN & TONY ATKINSON IN CONVERSATION
ARC embraces the vital work of the Graduate Center’s eminent scholars, doctoral students, and research centers, which is the backbone of the Graduate Center’s international reputation. Those efforts energize the following seven areas of study.

Inequality: Research on the structural foundations of increasing inequality across our society and ways to mobilize communities around various alternatives.

Immigration: Interdisciplinary research on the social, cultural, and political impacts of international migration, with special attention on the role of immigration in New York City and comparative studies on how immigration and ethnic diversity are experienced in different nations.

Digital Initiatives: Research in a broad range of digital projects and digital resources, including data mining and the digital humanities.

Transnational Non-state Actors: The study of inter- and nongovernmental organizations, media, and corporations.

Human Ecodynamics Research: Examination of past and present global interactions between humans and the natural world, incorporating all disciplines.

Urban Studies: Critical issues facing large cities around the world and the role played therein by public, nonprofit, and business organizations.

The Humanities: Explores new interdisciplinary work by scholars, writers, and opinion shapers.
Please note that, in addition to ARC’s support of these seven research areas, essential work is under way in the Graduate Center’s interdisciplinary committees and initiatives.

CONTACT INFORMATION
Tel.: 1.212.817.7544
Email: arc@gc.cuny.edu
Distinguished Visiting Fellows

Every year ARC invites scholars and researchers outside of CUNY to apply to participate in its activities as Distinguished Visiting Fellows. Visiting Fellows present papers at the annual ARC seminar and participate in the general intellectual life of the GC, give presentations to the public where appropriate, and share their work-in-progress with doctoral students in research praxis seminars. The Distinguished Visiting Fellow program provides scholars and researchers a stimulating environment in which they conduct their own research, access the GC’s research centers and institutes, and collaborate with doctoral students and other leading scholars.

Distinguished Visiting Fellows receive $72,000 for two semesters or $36,000 for one semester. Applications for Distinguished Fellowships for the 2014 – 2015 academic year are now closed.

Below are profiles of the 2013-2014 Distinguished Visiting Fellows:

Maurice Crul is a Professor of Sociology at the Free University of Amsterdam and at the Erasmus University in Rotterdam.  His most recent books in English include The Changing Face of World Cities (2012), co-authored with John Mollenkopf; and The Second Generation Compared: Does the Integration Context Matter? (2011), co-edited with Jens Schneider and Frans Lelie.  His current work focuses on a transatlantic comparison of the “success stories” of young people from disadvantaged immigrant backgrounds in New York and gateway cities in Europe. He received his Ph.D. from the University of Amsterdam in 2000.  He will be with the Graduate Center for the Spring 2014 semester.

Jan W. Duyvendak is a Professor of Sociology at the University of Amsterdam and also the President of the Dutch Sociological Association.  His most recent books in English include Crafting Citizenship: Negotiating Tensions in Modern Society (2012), co-authored with Evelien Tonkens and Menno Hurenkamp; The Politics of Home: Nostalgia and Belonging in Western Europe and the United States (20110); and Of Markets and Men: Lessons from the US and Europe for Strategies to Reach a Better Work/Life Balance (2010), written with M.M.J. Stavenuiter.  His current project focuses on the key features of contemporary nativism in Western Europe and the U.S.  He received his Ph.D. in 1992 from the University of Amsterdam.  He will be with the Graduate Center for the full academic year.

Chad A. Goldberg is a Professor of Sociology at the University of Wisconsin, Madison.  His research focuses mainly on the historical sociology of citizenship.  He is the author of Citizens and Papers: Relief, Rights, and Race, from the Freedmen’s Bureau to Workfare (2008), which probes the struggles over the citizenship rights of welfare state claimants in U.S. history.   He also has a book under contract with the University of Chicago Press entitled Modernity and the Jews in Social Theory. He received his Ph.D. from the New School for Social Research in 2002.  He will be with the Graduate Center for the full academic year.

Michael Kazin is a historian of politics and social movements and currently a Professor of History at Georgetown University.  He received his Ph.D. from Stanford University in 1983 and has since been the author of numerous publications.  His most recent book is American Dreamers: How the Left Changed a Nation (2011) and he is in the process of working on War Against War: The Rise, Defeat, and Legacy of the Peace Movement in American, 1914-1918, which will offer an interpretive narrative about the massive anti-war insurgency.  He has previously held appointments at American University and Stanford University.  He will with the Graduate Center for the full academic year.

Don Mitchell is a Distinguished Professor of Geography at Syracuse University  where he has taught since 1997.  He has most recently published The Saved Crops: Labor, Landscape and the Struggle Over Industrial Farming in Bracero-Era California (2012), The People’s Property? Power, Politics and the Public (2008) (co-authored with Lynn A. Staeheli), The Right to the City: Social Justice and the Fight for Public Space (2003), and Cultural Geography: A Critical Introduction (2000).  He was a MacArthur Fellow from 1998-2003 and received his Ph.D. from Rutgers University in 1992.  He will be with the Graduate Center for the full academic year.

Mauricio Pietrocola is a Science Educator and currently a Professor at The University of São Paulo in Brazil. He received his doctoral degree from The University of Paris 7 (Denis Diderot) in 1992 and has since been the author of numerous publications. His areas of work include curriculum development, pedagogical knowledge and innovative strategies of teaching and learning. He has most recently published Mathematics as a Structural Language of Physics Thought (2010), Epistemological Vigilance and textbooks: on the didactic transposition of physics knowledge (2011) and New Physics Curriculum for Secondary School - The Case of São Paulo' State (2012). His current focus is on connections between Innovative education and risk taking, which contributes to an understanding of the failure of new educational innovations. He will be with the Graduate Center for the full academic year.

Sanjay G. Reddy is an Associate Professor of Economics at The New School for Social Research.  His areas of work include development economics, international economics, and economics and philosophy.  He recently co-edited A Great Transformation? Understanding India’s New Political Economy (2011) with Sanjay Ruparelia, John Harriss, and Stuart Corbridge.  Previous publications included International Trade and Labor Standards with Christian Barry. His current work focuses on inequality and inclusion within and across countries.  He received his Ph.D. from Harvard University in 2000.  He will be with the Graduate Center for Spring 2014 semester.

Moshe Sluhovksy is the Vigevani Chair of European Studies at the Hebrew University in Jerusalem whose research focuses on religious history in general and Catholicism in particular.  He has written two books that were published in English: Believe not Every Spirit: Possession, Mysticism, and Discernment in Early Modern Catholicism (2007) and Patroness of Paris: Rituals of Devotion in Late Medieval and Early Modern France (1998).  He has also held positions at Brown University, UCLA, and the California Institute of Technology.  He received his Ph.D. from Princeton University in 1992. He will be with the Graduate Center for the full academic year.
Distinguished CUNY Fellows

Every year ARC invites tenured CUNY faculty to apply for a fellowship with ARC. Similar to Distinguished Visiting Fellows, Distinguished CUNY Fellows present papers in the annual ARC seminar, participate in the GC intellectual community, and work with students in research praxis seminars on areas of common interest. The fellowship provides them with course releases and an office at the GC in which they can pursue their research in a collaborative context working alongside their peers and doctoral students.

Distinguished CUNY Fellows receive three course releases per semester for a maximum of two semesters. Applications for Distinguished Fellowships for the 2014 – 2015 academic year are now closed.

Below are profiles of the 2013-2014 Distinguished CUNY Fellows:

Lakshmi Bandlamudi is currently a Professor of Psychology at LaGuardia Community College, CUNY.  She is the author of Dialogics of Self, The Mahabharata and Culture: The History of Understanding and Understanding of History (2010); “Voices and Vibration of Consciousness in Genres: A Dialogue between Bahktin and Bhartrhari on Interpretations,” (2011) pubsihed in Dialogue, Carnival and Chronotype; and “Development Discourse as an Author/Hero Relationship,” (1999) published in Culture & Pyschology.  She is working on a manuscript entitled Difference, Dialogue and Development: A Bakhtinian World.  She earned her Ph.D. in 1994 from the Graduate Center, CUNY.

Grace Davie is an Associate Professor of African History in the History Department at Hunter College, CUNY.  Her first book, The Poverty Question and the Human Sciences in South Africa, 1850-2010 (forthcoming, 2013), shows how poverty lines, as well as everyday measures of respectability, were assembled, contested, popularized, and radicalized.  She is also the author of “Strength in Numbers: The Durban Student Wages Commission, Dockworkers and the Poverty Datum Line, 1971-1973,” published in The Journal of Southern African Studies (2007).  She has received awards from the National Science Foundation, the Woodrow Wilson Center, and the Social Science Research Council.

Marc Edelman is a Professor of Anthropology at Hunter College and the Graduate Center, CUNY.  His research and writing have focused on agrarian issues, social movements, and a variety of Latin American topics, including the historical roots of nationalism and contemporary politics.  He has written The Logic of the Latifundio: The Large Estates of Northwestern Costa Rica since the Late Nineteen Century (1992) and Peasants Against Globalization: Rural Social Movements in Costa Rica (1999).  He has also contributed to editing several volumes, including, most recently, Transnational Agrarian Movements Confronting Globalization (2008). He received a Ph.D. from Columbia University in 1985.

Sujatha T. Fernandes is an Associate Professor of Sociology at Queens College and the Graduate Center, CUNY, whose research focuses on topics as diverse as the politics of everyday culture, murals, rap music, and popular fiestas in Venezuela.  Her most recent books are Close to the Edge: In Search of the Global Hip Hop Generation (2011) and Who Can Stop the Drums? Urban Social Movements in Chavez’s Venezuela (2010).  Her current project focuses on low wage immigrant workers in New York and their recent advocacy efforts, focusing specifically on the narratives produced by the workers themselves.  She received her Ph.D. from the University of Chicago in 2003.

Nancy Foner is a Distinguished Professor of Sociology at Hunter College and the Graduate Center, CUNY.  She is the author or editor of sixteen books, including One Out of Three: Immigrant New York in the Twenty-First Century (2013); In a New Land: A Comparative View of Immigration (2005), Choice Outstanding Academic Title for 2006; and From Ellis Island to JFK: New York's Two Great Waves of Immigration (2000), winner of the 2000 Theodore Saloutos Award of the Immigration and Ethnic History Society.  Much of her recent work focuses on comparing the integration of immigrants and their children in Europe and North America,  and she has begun to work on a book on how the massive immigration of the past half century has been changing American society.  She received a Ph.D. from the University of Chicago in 1971.

Mojúbàolú Olúfúnké Okome is a Professor in the Department of Political Science and previously the Deputy Chair for Graduate Studies in the Department of Political Science at Brooklyn College, CUNY.  She is currently working on a book that studies transnationalism, gender, evangelism, and power in African initiation churches in Nigera and the U.S., which focuses especially on Aladura churches in Yorubaland.  She is also the editor of West African Migrations: Transnational and Global Pathways in a New Century (2012) and Transnational Africa and Globalization (2012), both co-edited with Olufemi Vaughan.  She received a Ph.D. from Columbia University in 1996.

Judith Stein is a Distinguished Professor of History at City College, CUNY, as well as an Organization of American Historians Distinguished Lecturer.   She has published the following books: Pivotal Decade: How the United States Traded Factories for Finance in the Seventies (2010), which emphasizes how the most recent economic crisis can be traced to developments in the 1970s; Running Steel, Running America: Race, Economic Policy, and the Decline of Liberalism (1998); and The World of Marcus Garvey: Race and Class in Modern Society (1986).  The central argument that will be advanced in her most recent project is that neoliberalism became dominant in the U.S. in the 1990s when the U.S. produced high levels of growth and low unemployment.  She received her Ph.D. from Yale University.
Student Fellows

Each year ARC invites GC doctoral students to apply for an ARC Student Fellowship. Students are required to be in the second year of their doctoral program with the intention of pursuing a dissertation research topic in one of the research themes of any given year. Throughout the period of the award, students work with ARC Distinguished Fellows in the research praxis seminar to learn how they conduct their research and to share research insights which can help them in their dissertation. These insights, as well as the perspectives of their peers who are focused on similar disciplines, are intended to foster student intellectual creativity and early entry into the research process. Students also blog on the ARC Student Research website on their research projects as well as on critical issues of the day.

Apply now for the ARC Student Research Praxis Awards 2014-2015, deadline: April 14th, 2014.

Below are précis of student research projects:


Immigration

Rachel Brown studies the emotional experiences of exclusion from citizenship among largely Filipina migrant domestic workers in Israel. Brown hypothesizes that because domestic work involves caring for and often living with their employers, the line between work and non-work is blurred, leaving the workers undercompensated, alienated from other migrants, and bound to the private realm. Brown’s research will contribute to literature on migration and citizenship by detailing the emotional—rather than legal—experience of exclusion from citizenship. It will also suggest how the particularly intimate nature of carework influences the emotional experiences of transnational migrants. Using Israel as a case study, it will assess the ways immigration regimes in ethnic and civic democracies overlap and diverge. Finally, this research will suggest how a growing migrant population affects the debate about citizenship, ethnicity, nationhood, and belonging within the nation-state.

Vandeen Campbell studies the question of whether plaguing inequality in American schools and student outcomes can be tackled with a smarter combination of school organization factors. In order to develop a more comprehensive quantitative analysis of schools as organizations, her research will apply data mining methods to the nationally representative 1998–99 Kindergarten Cohort of the Early Childhood Longitudinal Survey to examine the relationship between elementary school organization and academic and behavioral outcomes. Successful completion of this research project will contribute to the sociology of education field both conceptually and methodologically.

Kim Chunrye studies the effect of acculturative stress on the quantity and quality of abusive behaviors among Chinese immigrant intimate partner violence (IPV) offenders. Using clinical and administrative data for 500 Chinese immigrant IPV offenders and victims provided by Garden of Hope, a Chinese-language victim service agency in New York City, Chunrye will identify offender/victim-related correlMes associated with different types (e.g., physical, psychological, and sexual) and severity of abusive behaviors. Extant studies of IPV among immigrants mainly focus on the victimization experience from the woman's perspective, but little research pays attention to the conditions or circumstances leading immigrant men to initiate or intensify their aggression against intimate partners. By exploring factors connected to IVP offending and victimization, Chunrye’s study will shed light on the hidden side of problem.

Brenda Gambol explores what some scholars have called a "paradox": second-generation Filipino Americans graduating from college at lower rates than the first generation and many of their seemingly less-advantaged Asian American counterparts, contradicting the predictions of most theories of assimilation. Research on this topic is especially important given that Filipinos constitute the second-largest Asian American group in the US, totaling over 3 million in 2010. All too often research assumes that human capital is supposed to advantage immigrants and their children without understanding exactly how immigrant human capital plays out in the lives of immigrant families. Further, literature on immigration, race, and ethnicity tends to lump Filipinos with Asian Americans and does not explain how Filipinos are racialized in schools. Gambol hopes her research will broaden our understanding of human capital, race and ethnicity, and education.

Hyein Lee studies how different forms of capital (social, economic, and cultural) affect the propensity of native-born Asian Americans to engage in interracial (e.g., Asian-white, Asian-black) and interethnic (e.g., Chinese-Filipino, Indian- Korean) marriage, as well as the effects of these unions for those involved. Lee uses census data to examine whether higher socioeconomic status (e.g., educational attainment, income, neighborhood effects) among Asian American groups affects the likelihood of exogamy and qualitative interviews to understand how factors such as social networks, cultural perceptions, and personal experiences affect an individual's opportunity to engage in interpersonal relationships, and ultimately intermarriage traversing racial and ethnic boundaries. Key questions are whether, and how, intermarriage fosters assimilation and affects ethnic/racial identities and social networks between partners.

Shirley Leyro studies whether the fear of deportation creates social disorganization. Focusing primarily on the residential mobility, ethnic heterogeneity, and low social economic status that generally result from migration into the US, social disorganization theory has been the dominant framework used to link immigration with crime. Yet recent criminological scholarship has challenged this position, suggesting that the social capital and integration fostered in communities resulting from immigration actually reduce, rather than increase, crime. If this is true, then it is possible another mechanism within the immigrant experience leads to social disorganization. Leyro’s two-phase study seeks to explore how deportation, as a consequence of immigration control policies—which in part seek to make communities safer by ridding them of “criminal aliens—actually leads to more of that which it seeks to curb: crime.

Andrew D. J. Shield studies how gay-identified immigrants used gay and lesbian networks—both romantic and platonic—to navigate pathways to employment, lodging, and integration in the 1960s and 1970s. During these decades, when so-called "guest-worker" immigration boomed, gay and lesbian activists called for individuals to “come out" and live openly with regard to sexual orientation. Shield’s research hopes to highlight not only the unique position of gay-identified immigrants with regard to integration, but also to show the contributions of immigrants and overseas individuals to gay and lesbian emancipation movements based in Northwest Europe. In addition, his research pays close attention to critiques of secularism, particularly with regard to media/political depictions of purportedly religious (Muslim) immigrants in contrast to the supposedly "secular" European state.

Tommy Wu’s research explores some of the racial and labor dimensions inherent in the recently proposed immigration bill which creates a dilemma for many NYC grassroots organizations and activist groups that work with immigrant and low-wage workers. In this new political geography, how will worker and immigrant advocacy groups contend with conflicting immigration, labor, and race issues? What will be their new organizing strategies? And what new logics are invoked to build or oppose support for the proposed legislation? Wu also hopes to address how various groups of undocumented immigrants and low-wage workers understand their positions in this new political landscape. His goal is to better understand the complexities of immigrant/worker organizing in NYC and the interplay of racial, class, and immigrant identities during this key moment of immigration reform.


Inequality

Kevin Ambrose seeks to understand whether a 3-D virtual environment can be used to enhance social skills training scenarios by increasing perspective taking abilities of study participants with autism spectrum disorders. His study addresses the need to lessen the societal disparities and social inequalities experienced by individuals with mental health diagnoses such as autism spectrum disorder, and seeks to promote social equality through the use of virtual technology.

In her research, Andreina Isabel Torres Angarita addresses the ways in which overlapping claims over the use of urban land and housing are negotiated and contested in the city of Caracas, Venezuela, where struggles to access dignified housing have seemingly been granted state recognition. With the redistributive efforts of Hugo Chavez's administration, aided by the largesse of an oil-based economy, this struggle has intensified. Thus, state and grassroots efforts have emerged and sometimes merged in order to address a persistent drama in the production of urban inequality: access to land and housing. Angarita studies whether the current efforts to provide "appropriate" housing for the urban poor in Caracas are producing new forms of property relations, along with new ideas of the "proper citizen", infected by gender, class, and racial/ethnic notions of difference.

Tahir Butt considers the extraordinary expansion of public institutions of higher education after World War II through the lens of the City University of New York (CUNY). While this expansion in New York state was marked initially by restricted growth until 1960, it was proceeded by a period of massive expansion under Governor Nelson Rockefeller. By 1975, the State University of New York (SUNY) and CUNY, both of which had been formed by consolidating existing colleges, had become the first and third largest public university systems in the country. Butt seeks to investigate the unsuccessful efforts by Governor Nelson Rockefeller to implement a uniform tuition policy at the City University of New York in the 1960s, and to develop a deeper understanding of the political economy that led both the State and CUNY to use notions of inequality to legitimate their contrasting tuition policies.

Paul Fess studies print culture and the formation of race in early American literature, investigating the shifting iterations of the sensus communis surrounding enslavement and the construction of race in the antebellum US as articulated and manipulated by the material cultures of print. Focusing on how social texts, such as autobiographies, periodical accounts, novels, and political books circulated and manipulated the discursive fields they participated in yields evidence that texts which took up race from within the slavery debate were consistently redefining the discernible world surrounding this issue and that this negotiation had both positive and negative effects for the advent of African American subjects during the period.

Marjorie Gorsline seeks to identify tangible traces of white power and privilege at historical sites in the US, asking how white violence, power, and privilege are made 'invisible' in dominant historical archaeological interpretations of white and plural domestic sites and how historical archaeologists can re-define our interpretations of these sites to incorporate an understanding of the terror and oppression such places held for many people of color and to acknowledge the visibility of white power? Gorsline investigates how space was constructed to define identity, control and negotiate relationships, and manage access to resources and labor. How have dominant and normative interpretations of space in historical archaeology perpetuated a lack of critical attention to white power and privilege, and how might an “accountable” archaeological perspective be revised to account for past and present racialized inequality? Finally, how might historical archaeologists take an active role in speaking out against white power in the communities in which we work?

Aboozar Hadavand analyzes the impact of globalization on inequality among countries through four channels: trade, foreign direct investment, migration, and technology spillover. In a more globalized world, trade happens without any barriers and at minimum shipping costs; capital is free to move and is highly mobile; there is a relatively integrated labor market; and technology, once invented, can be used and diffused internationally. The current trend shows that the world is on the path to more globalization in almost all of these the four areas. Hadavand proposes that, although globalization happens, there are borders and countries have different factor endowments such as capital (natural resources, land, infrastructure, etc.) and labor. Labor is mobile but migration of workers is still limited and costly. International trade provides the same set of consumption choices for the people in all countries. Since capital moves freely due to a more facilitated foreign direct investment and there is an integrated credit market, all countries have access to capital. However, because of imperfections in the credit market, countries do not have "equal" access to it.

Stefanie A. Jones pursues the questions: What elements of capitalism operate according to the logic of white supremacy? To what extent does neoliberalism depend on that logic? If we understand capitalist class formation as, currently, a stunningly influential system of power distribution, and neoliberalism as a particularly powerful contemporary manifestation of capitalism, how can we understand a white supremacist racial formation and a patriarchal gender formation as central components of maintaining and expanding neoliberalism? Through an examination of public discourse on black representation in the 1970s, primarily in the realm of theatre and performance (notably around Ain't Supposed to Die a Natural Death and The Wiz), but also in other popular media such as blaxploitation films and pop music, Jones suggests that a fear of blackness and resistance to black power (as well as Black Power) serve as foundational forces in the capitalization of global inequality.

Mohamad Junaid studies the military occupation of Kashmir using a phenomenological, but historically contextualized, analysis of everyday experiences of Kashmiris under occupation; critical analysis of how poetry and religious practices cultivate ethical and political sensibilities; and ethnographic exploration of how, despite incredible odds and painful individual losses, Kashmiris try to rebuild their lives, while generating a collective political life. The study will reveal how the formation of political subjectivity among Kashmiris relates with the State's hegemonic projects of pacification and inculcation of lndian nationalism.

Madhuri Karak researches the paradoxical deployment of "indigenous" as an emergent strategy of resistance by the Dongria Kondh, an 8,000-strong tribe in the densely forested, upland regions of central India. Karak is especially interested in the elision of social inequalities for discursive gains in social movements. Her research explores how Indian constitutional law and transnational indigenous rights discourses enshrine alterity as a condition for citizenship, and the consequences of this politics of recognition in terms of the reproduction of social inequality within and between communities. Karak hopes her research will contribute to debates on inequality's specificities across temporal and spatial scales in the postcolonial present.

Vanessa Paul analyzes inequality in Brazil using the framework of Anthony Marx's "Making Race and Nation," in which Marx compares Brazil to the United States and South Africa, and illustrates how "states play a role in constructing and enforcing the institutional boundaries of race." Brazil has forwarded an image of a "racial democracy” in which racism is said not to exist on the macro (and rarely, on the micro) level. Paul studies whether or not the racial equality implied by this phrase is statistically demonstrable, and asks whether there is more inequality in Brazil then in the US, where cultural deficiencies are identified as the reasons for minorities' failures. She also seeks to determine if the racial breakdown in Brazil corresponds to economic stratification, and considers other demographic variables. The study will contribute to literature on race, racial discrimination, and cross-national inequality studies and its conclusions will hopefully inform the ways in which we view the intersection of public policy, race, and nation-building.

Lydia Pelot-Hobbs studies how the U.S. state is both reliant upon and reproduces the logics and structures of racial, gender, and class inequity. Her research charts the development of mass incarceration in the American South from the1970s to the present and the oppositional movements that emerged in response. Utilizing a combination of archival and ethnographic methods, Pelot-Hobbs traces key moments of Southern antiprison activism in order to illuminate the dialectical relationship between antiprison organizing in response to the shifting Southern penal system, and in turn, how the prison system has adapted to such pressures. Her research will contribute to debates on the role of mass incarceration in the US and play an important role in shaping discussions on potential avenues for change that will support policymakers and activists alike in their work for prison reform.

Chelsea Schields studies how ongoing debates over the extent of Antillean autonomy manifest in transatlantic discussions on sexual politics. Focusing on the recent implementation of Dutch law on same-sex marriage on the islands of Bonaire, Saba, and Sint Eustatius, Schields analyzes political debates and press sources in circuit between the Netherlands and the Antilles from 2007-2013 to show how concerns over so-called 'ethical laws' factored into the process of constitutional restructuring that brought Bonaire, Saba, and Sint Eustatius willfully under Dutch rule in 2010. Her research will contribute to the literature on the history of imperialism and non-sovereignty by demonstrating how lingering colonial relationships in the Dutch Caribbean have rendered the advancement of sexual rights and resistance to Dutch political hegemony as incommensurable goals. Inn addition, this research will play an important role in reenergizing discussion on equitable, transnational forms of citizenship, both in the Kingdom of the Netherlands and the non­ independent world more broadly.

Julie Viollaz studies a lesser-known side of wildlife poaching: the illegal killing of carnivores, specifically leopards, in retaliation for livestock predation. This type of poaching is perpetrated to avoid economic losses rather than to profit from the animal killed (contrary to elephant poaching for ivory), but is just as detrimental to sustainability. Viollaz focuses on creating GIS mapping models of where leopard poaching takes place in three areas in South Africa and India in an attempt to determine if the several environmental factors result in more retaliatory leopard killings. Viollaz hopes her research will determine where human-leopard conflict is most likely to provoke poaching so conservationists can target the hardest hit areas. She also hopes to explore interdisciplinary solutions to prevent leopard killings.

Thomas Waters studies the role of public policy in shaping New York City neighborhoods since the middle 1960s. Waters compares two study areas of roughly 30 blocks each, one in the central Bronx and one on Manhattan's Lower East Side. Both areas have been deeply affected by New York City's cycle of disinvestment, abandonment, and renewal over the past 50 years, but are sharply different in their perceived potential for increased real estate value and in the intensity of local political conflict over housing issues. Focusing on the roles played by middle-level bureaucrats in the city's housing and planning agencies and their organizational partners in the advocacy and real estate worlds, Waters hopes that his research will provide insight into the ability of the bureaucracy to respond to different economic and political contexts, and to the relative importance of factors related to the bureaucracy, the real estate economy, and public politics in explaining both policy outputs and policy outcomes

Gregory Zucker examines how an ongoing engagement with the thought of the German philosopher, G.W.F. Hegel, serves as a pivot point for understanding the emergence, development, and transformation of political debates over social and economic inequality in different national contexts. The history of the reception and appropriation of Hegel's political philosophy illuminates how political discourses in Germany, the United Kingdom, and the United States became deeply entwined. Tracing this appropriation, Zucker hopes to provide an intellectual history that examines the ways in which the migration of ideas and individuals introduced new conceptual tools to intellectuals in different national contexts. In each of these contexts, the recipients of these concepts refashioned them to make them applicable to the particular problems of social and economic inequality posed by their national setting.


Religion

Manuela Arciniegas’s research involves conducting interviews of members of religious brotherhoods in San Cristobal (Dominican Republic), Zavala Grande (Cuba), and New York City in order to analyze the music, dance, and religious practices in those communities. She examines song texts, instrumentation, melodies, rhythmic sequences, movements and gestures, discourses around ethnic and racial identity, and affects in order to understand the relationship among religion, music, and a Central African derived identity. Her work will contribute to the sparse scholarly writing on Central African cultural retention and discourses in New York City, Dominican Republic, and Cuba's connections to Central African religion.

Patrick Byers’s previous research in the development of numerical/mathematical thinking in preschoolers has led him to re-conceptualize "knowledge of number" as a discursive construct that is only meaningful in relation to normative socio-cultural practices, rather than as a structural quality of an individual mind. Through this lens, he now studies how novel technological devices become utilized for educational purposes through engagement with preexisting discourses and practices surrounding math education, and how historically derived forms of activity (including thinking and knowing) are deeply shaped by the (technological) media In which they occur.

Ezgi Canpolat examines the recognition process of Alevis, a non-Sunni Muslim minority constituting about 20 percent of the population in Turkey, by the ruling Justice and Development Party (AKP). He explores how in this process the negotiation of the legitimacy of Alevism as a religious practice and identity reveals deeper contradictions and ambiguities at the very foundation of Turkish secularism. He also considers how transnational networks enable Alevis in Turkey to produce contesting definitions of Alevism, by conducting multi-sited ethnography in Alevi organizations in Germany and Turkey. His research will contribute to the general literature on secularism and religion by examining the particularities of Turkish secularism and deconstruct binary oppositions such as religion vs. secularism, or AKP vs. secularism.

Gordon Dale’s research focuses on four aspects of Haredi popular music and spiritual health: a history of the discourse on music in Haredi life as part of a particular moment that is both within, and in conflict with, modernity; a characterization of the music that is socially sanctioned by Haredi leaders, including an analysis of the rhetoric of spiritual health attached to this repertoire; an examination of moments of conflict, with a focus on the censoring of Hasidic singer, Lipa Schmeltzer; and an exploration of an emerging alternative music scene through which those on the margins of Haredi society interact with non-Jewish culture through rock and rap music that espouses Orthodox Jewish themes. His research will contribute to recent scholarship on religion and xenophobia, as well as ethnomusicological investigations of religious music and modernity.

Jeff Diamant explores communal transformations in African-American Muslim history from the 1970s through the 1990s. His work touches on transnational elements common to various religious communities in the United States. His work will examine the relationship between immigrant Muslims and African-American Muslims.


Salman Hussain considers how recent changes in Pakistani legislation, prompted by the petitioning of higher courts to intervene in different kinds of social, political, and economic “injustices,” represent a new imagination of Pakistani law. With particular focus on the successful petitioning by the hijras (transgendered performers) for protection of their civil rights, Hussain considers: how the “Lawyers Movement” mobilized around the liberal, legal language of rights and whether this way of framing social and political wrongs began a transformation of social and political life in Pakistan; how the movement re-articulated gender relations in the legal arena; and what the hijra case and the mobilization of lawyers tells us about the relationship between secular and Sharia law in Pakistan, where law has remained a site of contesting and defining, in both secular and Sharia Courts.

Joanna Tice seeks to consider the political thought of the Christian right by asking what their theory of being or ontology is and how that informs their political thought and behavior., Her research will provide crucial theoretical grounding for empirical scholarship on the sexuality and gender policies of the U.S. Christian right at home and abroad and enable feminist and LGBTQ politics to confront their biggest domestic opposition.