Respiratory Disease Caused by 2019 Novel Coronavirus in Wuhan, China

"Reduce Your Risk" infographic, World Health Organization

Health News from Adraenne Bowe, NP
•There has been an outbreak of respiratory disease caused by a novel (new) coronavirus in Wuhan, China, which is now reaching beyond China’s borders.
• This novel coronavirus is a new strain of virus in the coronavirus family that has not been previously seen in humans. There are other viruses in the coronavirus family (such as SARS, Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome) that can cause illness in both humans and animals. These viruses can cause either mild illness like a cold or can make people very sick with pneumonia.
• Many people with these infections in Wuhan reported being at a large seafood and live animal market, suggesting that the virus goes from animal to person. Health officials closed this market on January 1, 2020.
• Since this virus is very new, health authorities are carefully watching how this virus spreads. Although originally thought to spread from animal-to-person, there are growing indications that limited person-to-person spread is happening, and most probably in the same manner as colds and flu.
• As of January 17, 2020, more than 300 human infections have been confirmed, including cases outside Wuhan, as well as additional cases identified in a growing number of countries internationally.
• Although usually a mild to moderate illness, the virus can progress to pneumonia and serious disease. Several deaths have been confirmed in China. Symptoms include fever, cough and difficulty breathing.
• There is no vaccine or treatment available for this or other coronaviruses. Precautions and preventive measures would be similar to those for colds and flu: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/about/prevention.html
• At this time, a diagnostic test to confirm the disease is available only through the CDC.
• As of January 17, 2020, one travel-related case in the United States has been diagnosed in the state of Washington, 5 days after the patient returned from Wuhan.

THE SITUATION IS RAPIDLY EVOLVING. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION AND UPDATES:
https://www1.nyc.gov/assets/doh/downloads/pdf/imm/novel-coronavirus-wuhan-factsheet.pdf
https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/about/index.html
https://www.who.int/health-topics/coronavirus

Submitted on: JAN 22, 2020

Category: Health & Wellness