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"Mexico and the U.S: From NAFTA to the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP)"
Marta Bengoa, City College of New York (CUNY)
Mexico has become one of the most important and influential trade partners for the United States since 1994, when the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) entered into effect. NAFTA fostered this relationship by eliminating trade barriers and establishing clear rules governing economic transactions. Mexico ranks among the top three countries in terms of trade from and to the U.S. economy. Overall FDI flows into Mexico for 2014 were $22.6 billion with the U.S. being the most important investor with a participation higher than 40% of the total inflows. The U.S. manufacturing industry has located many of its factories within Mexican territory. In October 2012, Mexico joined negotiations for the proposed Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) to promote growth and raise living standards between five countries in the Americas and seven counterparts in the Asia-Pacific region. The agreement was reached by these two sets of countries in late 2015. Many economic policy questions still remain: how TPP can affect the U.S.-Mexico trade and investment relationship under NAFTA? What are the main implications for energy, pharmaceutical or agriculture sectors?
Moderator: Araceli Tinajero, City College
Marta Bengoa (PhD, University of Cantabria) is associate professor at the City College of New York. She has a postdoctoral fellowship at the Department of Economics at the University of California at Berkeley. In addition, she has been visiting scholar and visiting professor at the Department of Economics at Columbia University, the Free Market Institute Foundation (Cape Town, South Africa), University of Costa Rica, University Federico Santa María (Chile) and Universidad of Azuay (Ecuador). She has published numerous articles about the determinants of economic growth and incidence of inequality and poverty in Latin America (Applied Economic Letters, Journal of Policy Modeling, and European Journal of Political Economy, among others). She has also collaborated with the World Bank and UN in different projects about economic growth in Latin America, and has conducted fieldwork for the AECI (Spanish International Cooperation Agency) in the Ecuadorian Amazonia. She joined the CCNY faculty as a visiting Associate Professor in 2009-2010. She is the Chair of the financial health committee (Strategic plan), the Chair of the PSC-CUNY research grant program in Economics and Political Science. She also serves as a Senator and as an elected member of the Executive Committee of the Senate and Director of the Graduate Program in Economics at the Colin Powell School.
is Professor of Spanish at The Graduate Center and City College of New York, CUNY. She is the author of Orientalismo en el modernismo hispanoamericano
; El lector de tabaquería
(Eng. El Lector: A History of the Cigar Factory Reader
); and Kokoro, una mexicana en Japón
. Professor Tinajero is the editor of Cultura y letras cubanas en el siglo XXI
; Exilio y cosmopolitismo en el arte y la literatura hispánica
(2013) and Orientalisms of the Hispanic and Luso-Brazilian World
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