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Wim P.M. Vijverberg
Position: Professor & Executive Officer
Campus Affiliation: Graduate Center
Degrees/Diplomas: Ph.D., University of Pittsburgh
Research Interests: Labor Economics; Econometrics; Development Economics; Small-scale Enterprises & Entrepreneurship


Wim Vijverberg is a Professor of Economics and Executive Officer in the Ph.D. Program in Economics at the City University of New York Graduate Center. His areas of specialty lie at the intersection of labor economics, econometrics, and development economics.

He has published over fifty articles, which have appeared in the top rank of general journals (Journal of Political Economy, Economic Journal, Review of Economics and Statistics (3), International Economic Review (2), Economica) and in the top specialized journals (Journal of Econometrics (2), Journal of Development Economics, Journal of Human Resources (2), Journal of Public Economics). Though a great deal of his work is “applied” in that it uses econometric techniques to analyze and test theories, he has also made significant methodological contributions.

He worked on a large-scale project for the World Bank concerning a large, multi-year survey project on investment climates in a number of developing countries, which employs cutting-edge econometric techniques. Other research topics of interest include the impact of earnings risk on earnings, analysis of schooling outcomes, the econometric modeling of clustered sample data, the application of flexible distributional assumptions, and applications of spatial econometric techniques.

Vijverberg holds a Ph.D. in Economics from the University of Pittsburgh. Before joining the City University of New York Graduate Center, he was on the faculty at the University of Texas at Dallas, Illinois State University and the University of Hawaii, and held a post-doctoral fellowship at the Economic Growth Center of Yale University.




Ph.D. Economics, December 1981, University of Pittsburgh
Dissertation Title: “Labor Supply and Fertility Decisions: A Dynamic Model of the Economic Behavior of Married Women.”

M.A. Economics, April 1979, University of Pittsburgh

B.A. Econometrics, May 1975, Erasmus University of Rotterdam




“GMM inference in spatial autoregressive models,” with  Süleyman Taşpınar, Osman Doğan, Econometric Reviews, 2018, 37, 8, 931-954.  DOI: 10.1080/00927872.2016.1178885 .

“Pregibit: a family of binary choice models,” with Chu-Ping C. Vijverberg, Empirical Economics, May 2016, 50, 3, 901-932. DOI 10.1007/s00181-015-0951-x.

“Linking Tukey's Legacy in Financial Risk Measurement,” with Chu-Ping C. Vijverberg and Suleyman Taspinar, Computational Statistics and Data Analysis, Annals of Computational Financial Econometrics, 2016, 100, August, 595-615.

“Public Infrastructure as a Determinant of Intertemporal and Interregional Productive Performance in China,” with Feng-Cheng Fu and Chu-Ping C. Vijverberg, Journal of Productivity Analysis, August 2011, 36:1, 91-111.

“Five Diagnostic Tests for Unobserved Cluster Effects,” with Jielai Ma, Communications in Statistics – Simulation and Computation, 2010, 39:6, 1212-1227.

“On the Structure of Labor Demand: An Analysis of the DOT Data,” with Joop Hartog, Applied Economics, 2010, 42:13, 1747-1760.

“Self-Selection Bias in Estimated Wage Premia for Earnings Risk,” with Bas Jacobs and Joop Hartog, Empirical Economics, October 2009, 37:2, 271-286.

“GMM Inference in Spatial Autoregressive Models,” with Osman Dogan and Suleyman Taspinar, Econometric Reviews, (forthcoming).
“Linking Tukey's Legacy in Financial Risk Measurement,” with Chu-Ping C. Vijverberg and Suleyman Taspinar, Computational Statistics and Data Analysis, Annals of Computational Financial Econometrics, (forthcoming) link to journal

“Entrepreneurship, Selection and Performance: A Meta-analysis of the Role of Education,” with Justin van der Sluis and Mirjam van Praag, Journal of Economic Surveys, December 2008, 22:5, 795-841 (link to journal, IF=0.797).

“On Compensation for Risk Aversion and Skewness Affection in Wages,” with Joop Hartog, Labour Economics, December 2007, 14:6, 938-956 (link to journal, IF=0.671).

“Schooling, Skills, and Risk,” with Joop Hartog, Economics of Education Review, December 2007, 26:6, 759-771 (link to journal, IF=0.557).

“Diagnosing the Productivity Effect of Public Capital in the Private Sector,” with Chu-Ping C. Vijverberg, Eastern Economic Journal, Spring 2007, 33:2, 207-230 (link to journal).

“Entrepreneurship Selection and Performance: A Meta-analysis of the Impact of Education in Developing Countries,” with Justin van der Sluis and Mirjam van Praag, World Bank Economic Review, November 2005, 19:2, 225-261 (link to journal, IF=1.263).

“Does Family Income Matter for Schooling Outcomes? Using Adoption as a Natural Experiment,” with Erik Plug, Economic Journal, October 2005, 119, 879-906 (link to journal, IF=1.548).

“Chow and Wald Tests for Parameter Equality under Conditions of Heteroskedasticity,” with Kyoun-Sup Chung, Korean Econometrics Review, June 2004, 15:2, 27-57.

“Schooling, Family Background, and Adoption: Is It Nature or Is It Nurture?” with Erik Plug, Journal of Political Economy, June 2003, 111:3, 611-641 (link to journal, IF=4.19).

“Why Cooperate? Public Goods, Economic Power, and the Montreal Protocol,” with Kurt Beron and Jim Murdoch, Review of Economics and Statistics, May 2003, 85:2, 286-297 (link to journal, IF=1.724).

“Household Enterprises in Vietnam: Survival, Growth, and Living Standards,” with Jonathan Haughton, Nghiên Cúu Kinh Tê (Vietnam Economic Studies), 2003, no. 296 (pp. 44-57) and 297 (pp.30-40) (reprint in Vietnamese).

“Neighborhood Housing Prices: The Precise Distinction of Homogeneous Submarkets based on Chow and Wald Tests,” with Kyoun-Sup Chung, Housing Studies Review, May 2003, 11:1, 139-153.

“The Participation Decision versus the Level of Participation in an Environmental Treaty: A Spatial Probit Analysis,” with James C. Murdoch and Todd Sandler, Journal of Public Economics, February 2003, 87:2, 337-362 (link to journal, IF=1.403).

“Rectangular and Wedge-Shaped Multivariate Normal Probabilities,” Economics Letters, July 2000, 68:1, 13-20 (link to journal, IF=0.302).

“The Quantitative Methods Component in Social Science Curricula in View of Journal Content,” Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, Fall 1997, 16:4, 621-629 (link to journal, IF=1.8).

“Public Capital and Private Productivity,” with Chu-Ping C. Vijverberg and Janet L. Gamble, Review of Economics and Statistics, May 1997, 79:2, 267-278 (link to journal, IF=1.724).

“An Analysis of the Housing Market Before and After the 1989 Loma Prieta Earthquake,” with Kurt J. Beron, James C. Murdoch and Mark A. Thayer, Land Economics, February 1997, 73:1, 101-113 (link to journal).

“Monte Carlo Evaluation of Multivariate Normal Probabilities,” Journal of Econometrics, January 1997, 76:1-2, pp. 281-307 (link to journal, IF=1.99).

“Monte Carlo Evaluation of Multivariate Student's t Probabilities,” Economics Letters, July 1996, 52:1, 1-6 (link to journal, IF=0.302).

“Returns to Schooling in Non-Farm Self-Employment: An Econometric Case Study of Ghana,” World Development, July 1995, 23:7, 1215-1227 (link to journal, IF=1.565).

“Dual Selection Criteria with Multiple Alternatives: Migration, Work Status and Wages,” International Economic Review, February 1995, 36:1, pp. 159-185 (link to journal, IF=0.917).

“Comparing Earnings Profiles in Urban Areas of an LDC: Rural-to-Urban Migrants vs. Native Workers,” with Lester Zeager, Journal of Development Economics, December 1994, 45:2, pp. 177-199 (link to journal, IF=0.912).

“Job Complexity and Wages,” with Hans van Ophem and Joop Hartog, International Economic Review, November 1993, 34:4, pp. 853-872 (link to journal, IF=0.917).

“Educational Investments and Returns for Women and Men in Côte d'Ivoire,” Journal of Human Resources, Fall 1993, 28:4, 933-974 (Symposium on Investment in Women's Human Capital and Development); reprinted in T. Paul Schultz, ed., Investing in Women's Human Capital (Chicago: University of Chicago, 1995), Ch. 11, 304-342 (link to journal, IF=1.162).

“Measuring the Unidentified Parameter of the Roy Model of Selectivity,” Journal of Econometrics, May-June 1993, 57:1-3, pp. 69-89 (link to journal, IF=1.99).

“Labor Market Performance as a Determinant of Migration,” Economica, May 1993, 60:238, pp. 143-160 (link to journal, IF=0.5).

“Measuring Income from Family Enterprises with Household Surveys,” Small Business Economics, 1992, 4, 287-305; reprinted in Zoltan J. Acs, ed., Small Firms and Economic Growth (Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publ., 1994) (link to journal, IF=1.168).

“The Private Wage Sector in Côte D'Ivoire: Homogeneity or Heterogeneity?” with Jacques van der Gaag, Southern Economic Journal, October 1991, 58:2, 406-422 (link to journal).

“Profits from Self-Employment: A Case Study of Côte d'Ivoire,” World Development, June 1991, 19:6, 683-696 (link to journal, IF=1.565).

“Heteroskedasticity in Simultaneous Equation Systems: An Instrumental Variable Approach,” with Si-Gyoung Lee, Economics Letters, 1991, 37:2, 133-138 (link to journal, IF=0.302).

“Selectivity and Distributional Assumptions in Static Labor Supply Models,” Southern Economic Journal, January 1991, 57:3, pp. 822-840 (link to journal).

“Non-Farm Self-Employment and the Informal Sector in Côte d'Ivoire: A Test of Categorical Identity,” Journal of Developing Areas, July 1990, 24:4, 523-542 (link to journal).

“A Switching Regression Model of Public-Private Sector Wage Differentials in Peru: 1985-86,” with Morton Stelcner and Jacques van der Gaag, Journal of Human Resources, Summer 1989, 24:3, 545-559 (link to journal, IF=1.162).

“Wage Determinants in Côte D'Ivoire: Experience, Credentials and Human Capital,” with Jacques van der Gaag, Economic Development and Cultural Change, January 1989, 37:2, 371-381 (link to journal).

“Wage Differentials and Moonlighting by Civil Servants: Evidence from Côte d'Ivoire and Peru,” with Morton Stelcner and Jacques van der Gaag, World Bank Economic Review, January 1989, 3:1, 67-95 (link to journal, IF=1.263).

“A Switching Regression Model for Wage Determinants in the Public and Private Sectors of a Developing Country,” with Jacques van der Gaag, Review of Economics and Statistics, May 1988, 70:2, 244-252 (link to journal, IF=1.724).

“Non Normality as Distributional Misspecification in Limited Dependent Variable Models,” Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, November 1987, 49:4, pp. 417-430 (link to journal, IF=0.732).

“A Test of Heterogeneity of Family and Hired Labour in Asian Agriculture,” with Anil B. Deolalikar, Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, August 1987, 49:3, 291-305 (link to journal, IF=0.732).

“Decomposing the Earnings Differentials in Peninsular Malaysia,” Singapore Economic Review, April 1987, 32:1, 24-36.

“Consistent Estimates of the Wage Equation When Individuals Choose Among Income Earning Activities,” Southern Economic Journal, April 1986, 52:4, pp. 1028-1042 (link to journal).

“Discrete Choice in Continuous Time as a Dynamic Programming Problem,” The American Economist, Fall 1984, 28:2, pp. 9-17 (link to journal).

“The Heterogeneity of Family and Hired Labor in Agricultural Production: A Test Using District Level Data From India,” with Anil B. Deolalikar, Journal of Economic Development, December 1983, 8:2, 45-69.

“Applying Game Theory to Library Networks,” with Jacob Cohen, Journal of the American Society of Information Science, September 1980, 31:5, 369-374 (link to journal).

Chapters in Research Annuals

“Discrete Choices in a Continuous Time Model: Lifecycle Time Allocation and Fertility Decisions,” in T.P. Schultz and K.I. Wolpin, eds., Research in Population Economics, Vol. 5 (JAI Press Inc., Greenwich, CT, 1984), pp. 51-85.


Chapters in Edited Volumes

“Returns to Schooling in Non-Farm Self-Employment in Ghana,” in V. Gupta, N. Levenburg, L. Moore, J. Motwani, and T. Schwartz (eds.), A Compendium on the Family Business Models Around the World (ten volumes) Hyderabad: ICFAI University Press, (forthcoming).

“Probit in a Spatial Context: A Monte Carlo Analysis,” with Kurt Beron, in Luc Anselin, Raymond J.G.M. Florax, and Sergio J. Rey, eds., Advances in Spatial Econometrics, 169-195. Berlin: Springer Verlag, 2004.

“Household Enterprises in Vietnam: Survival, Growth, and Living Standards,” with Jonathan Haughton, in David Dollar, Paul Glewwe, eds., Economic Growth, Poverty and Household Welfare: Policy Lessons from Vietnam, Ch. 4, 95-132, Washington DC: The World Bank, 2004.

“Household Enterprises,” with Donald C. Mead, in Margaret Grosh and Paul Glewwe, eds., Designing Household Survey Questionnaires for Developing Countries: Lessons from Fifteen Years of the Living Standards Measurement Study (Washington DC: The World Bank, 2000), Chapter 18: Vol. 2, 105-137; Vol. 3, 349-406.

“The Impact of Schooling and Cognitive Skills on Income from Non-Farm Self-Employment,” in Paul Glewwe, ed., The Economics of School Quality Investments in Developing Countries: An Empirical Study of Ghana, (St. Martin’s Press, New York, 1999), Chapter 6, 206-252.

“Nonfarm Household Enterprises in Vietnam,” in David Dollar, Paul Glewwe, and Jennie Litvack, eds., Household Welfare and Vietnam’s Transition, (World Bank, Washington DC, 1998), Chapter 5, 137-178.

“Human Capital,” in Frank N. Magill, ed., Survey of Social Science: Economics (Pasadena, CA.: Salem Press, Inc., October 1991), 987-993.

Published Research Reports

The Rural Investment Climate: Analysis and Findings, with Kees van der Meer and Richard Burcroft, Washington DC: The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development / The World Bank, October 2008, 260 pages.

The Rural Investment Climate: It Matters and It Differs, with Kees van der Meer, Richard Burcroft, and Don Larson, Report 36543-GLB, Agriculture and Rural Development, The World Bank, June 2006, 143 pages.

Supervised Dissertations


Biwei Chen (February 2019) (Co-chair) “Shapes and Transitions of the Interest Rate Term Structure.”

Orkideh Gharegozli (September 2018) “Synthetic Control and Dynamic Panel Estimation, A Case Study of Iran.”

Anna Arakelyan (June 2017) “Who Influences Your Outcomes? The Effect of Culture and Ethnic Origin, Neighborhood, and Peers on Personal Income: A Spatial Econometric Analysis of New York City”

Aboozar Hadavand (June 2017)  “Essays on Income Inequality”

Gowun Park (April 2017) “Three Essays on Inequality in the United States.”

Thomas Hauner (June 2016) “Essays on Inequality and Macroeconomic Stability.”

Sheyi Oladipo (June 2016) “Globalization, Income Inequality and the Labor Market: A Case Study of South Africa.”

Benjamin Zweig, “Essays on the economics and methodology of social mobility.” CUNY Graduate Center, February 2015.

Osman Dogan, “Essays on spatial econometrics: estimation methods and applications.”  CUNY Graduate Center, February 2015.

Suleyman Taspinar, “Essays on robust estimators for non-identically distributed observations in spatial econometrics and time series models.” CUNY Graduate Center, June 2014.

Takuya Hasebe, “Essays in labor economics and econometrics: applications of the copula method.” CUNY Graduate Center, August 2013.

Ilir Hysa, “An analysis of the labor market, international migration and remittances during transition: the case of Albania.” CUNY Graduate Center, June 2013.

Yan Jiang, “Essays on Labor Market Matching, Labor Mobility, and Educational Mismatch.” CUNY Graduate Center, June 2012.

Lei Zhang, “Three Essays on Macroeconomics and Applied Econometrics.” University of Texas at Dallas, July 2011 (Co-chair until move to CUNY Graduate Center).

Emiko Fukase,  “Essays on Globalization, Skills and Development.” CUNY Graduate Center, July 2011.

Yu Xue, “Essays on Occupational Choice and Human Capital Accumulation at Mid-Life.” University of Texas at Dallas, July 2010  (Chair until move to CUNY Graduate Center).


Jielai Ma, “Unobservable Clusters: Diagnostic Tests and Forecasts in the Dallas Housing Market.” University of Texas at Dallas, March 2009.

Priyanka Singh, “Earnings Risk and Occupational Choice.” University of Texas at Dallas, January 2008.

Chunbei Wang, “Self-Employment among Hispanic and Immigrant Populations.” University of Texas at Dallas, August 2008.

Irene Ngugi, “The Effects of School Finance Equalization on Schooling Outcomes: A Study of the Robin Hood Policy in Texas.” University of Texas at Dallas, April 2007.

Kruti Dholakia, “Determinants of Birth Outcomes in Texas.” University of Texas at Dallas, July 2006.

Shungu Lokole, “Human Capital Investments: Child Education and Economic and Cultural Incentives and Constraints in Côte d’Ivoire.” University of Texas at Dallas, January 2004.

Kalpana Pai, “Academic Performance in Texas Schools: Micro-Econometric Models of Student Achievement.” University of Texas at Dallas, September 2004.

Mohammed Rab, “Household Energy Demand in South Asia: An Approach towards Discrete/Continuous Models.” University of Texas at Dallas, November 2001.

Hyo Park, “Migration: the impact of earnings, life events, and labor market conditions.” University of Texas at Dallas, April 1999.

Yong-Sheng Chen, “The Relative Productive Efficiency of Township-Village-Enterprises in Mainland China.” University of Texas at Dallas, May 1997.

Janet Gamble, “Ambient Air Pollution and Daily Mortality in North Central Texas, 1990-1994: A Time Series Analysis.” University of Texas at Dallas, May 1997 (co-chair).







Professional Organizations:

American Economic Association

Chinese Economic Assocation of North America

Econometric Society

Institute for the Study of Labor

Society of Labor Economists

Southern Economic Association


Community Organizations:

Ridgewood Pentecostal Church

Salvation Army

Intervarsity Christian Fellowship

Chi Alpha

Harvest Time Church

NorthPlace Church

Times Square Church

Dallas Dream Center / Dallas Metro Ministries

Data Links:

Current Population Survey

Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research

Institute for the Study of Labor (Click on Research, Click on Data Service Center)

National Longitudinal Survey of Youth

Wisconsin Longitudinal Study

World Bank: Enterprise Surveys

World Bank: Living Standards Surveys

... more to come ...