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Mary S. Gibson
Position: Professor
Campus Affiliation: Graduate Center|John Jay College of Criminal Justice
Phone: 212-237-8818
Degrees/Diplomas: Ph.D. Indiana University
Research Interests: Modern Italy; History of Crime; European Women's History
Selected publications

Translation (with Nicole Rafter) of Cesare Lombroso’s Criminal Man [with scholarly introduction and notes] (Duke University Press 2006)

Translation (with Nicole Rafter) of Cesare Lombroso’s Criminal Woman, the Prostitute, and the Normal Woman [with scholarly introduction and notes] (Duke University Press 2004)

Born to Crime: Cesare Lombroso and the Origins of Biological Criminology (Praeger Press 2002) [translated as Nati per il crimine: Cesare Lombroso e le origini della criminologia biologica (Bruno Mondadori 2004)

Prostitution and the State in Italy, 1860-1915. 2nd Edition (Ohio State University Press 1999); 1st Edition (Rutgers University Press 1986) [translated as Stato e prostituzione in Italia, 1860-1915 (Il Saggiatore 1995)]


 “Gender and Convict Labour: The Italian Case in Global Context,” Global Convict Labour, ed. Alex Lichtenstein and Christian de Vito (Brill: Leiden, 2015), pp. 313-332.

“I limiti della cittadinanza: prigioni e prigionieri nell’Italia liberale,” Questione criminale e identità nazionale in Italia tra Otto e Novecento, ed. Luigi Lacchè and Monica Stronati (Macerata: EUM, 2015), pp. 215-225.

“Forensic Psychiatry and the Birth of the Criminal Insane Asylum in Modern Italy,” International Journal of Law and Psychiatry,” v. 37 (2014), pp. 117-126.

“The Journal of Prison Sciences: Between Administration and Advocacy,” Una tribuna per le scienze criminali. La “cultura” delle Riviste nel dibattito penalistico tra Otto e Novecento, ed. Luigi Lacchè and Monica Stronati (Macerata: EUM, 2013), pp. 49-68.

“Cesare Lombroso, Prison Science, and Penal Politics,” The Lombroso Handbook, ed. Paul Knepper and P. J. Ystehede (NY: Routledge, 2012), pp. 30-46.

 “Global Perspectives on the Birth of the Prison,” American Historical Review, v. 116, n. 4 (2011), pp. 1040-63.

“La criminologia prima e dopo Cesare Lombroso,” Cesare Lombroso. Gli scienzati e la nuova Italia, ed. Silvano Montaldo (Milan: Il Mulino, 2010) pp. 15-32.

“Women’s Prisons in Italy: A Problem of Citizenship,” Crime, History, Societies/Crime, Histoire, Sociétés v. 13, n. 2 (2009) pp. 27-40.

“Cesare Lombroso and Italian Criminology: Theory and Politics,” Criminals and Their Scientists: The History of Criminology in International Perspective, eds. Peter Becker and Richard Wetzell (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006) pp. 137-58.

 “Science and Narrative in Italian Criminology, 1880-1920,” Crime and Culture: An Historical Perspective, ed. Amy Gilman Srebnick and René Lévy (Aldershot, Eng.: Ashgate, 2005) pp. 37-47.

“Labelling Women Deviant: Heterosexual Women, Prostitutes, and Lesbians in Early Criminological Discourse,” Gender and the Private Sphere in Italy, ed. Perry Willson (London: Palgrave-Macmillan, 2004) pp. 89-104.

“The Criminalization of Youth in Late Nineteenth- and Early Twentieth-Century Italy,” Crime, Punishment, and Reform in Europe, ed. Louis A. Knapfla (Praeger 2003)

“Introduction” to a special issue of the Journal of Modern Italian Studies on women’s history, v. 7 (Spring 2002)

"Italian Women and the Left in the Shadow of Fascism," Women & Socialism--Socialism & Women in Europe Between the Wars, ed. Helmut Gruber and Pamela Graves (Berghahn 1998)

"Biology or Environment? Race and Southern 'Deviancy' in the Writings of Italian Criminologists, 1880-1920," Italy's "Southern Question": Orientalism in One Country, ed. Jane Schneider (Berg 1998)

“New Perspectives in Italian Women’s History: A Review Essay,” Journal of Women’s History, v. 8, n. 2 (Summer 1996)

Works in Progress

Prisons of Rome: Punishment, Citizenship and Italian Unification

Other Activities

President, Society for Italian Historical Studies, 2014-16

Associate Editor, Journal of Modern Italian Studies, 2000-

Editorial Board, Studi sulla Questione Criminale (Studies in Criminology), 2006-


Grants and Awards

Distinguished Fellow, Advanced Research Collaborative, Graduate Center, CUNY, Spring 2016

Scholarly Excellence Award, John Jay College of Criminal Justice, 2013

Senior Fellow, International Research Center for Cultural Studies (IFK), Vienna,  Oct. 2012-Jan. 2013

Senior Scholar in Residence, American Academy in Rome, Spring, 2010

National Endowment for the Humanities Faculty Research Grant, 2009-2010

Fulbright Senior Research Award (Italy), 2008-9