Hispanic Linguistics Track
A minimum of 60 credits beyond the bachelor’s degree are required for the Doctor of Philosophy of which a maximum of 30 can be transferred from another institution. For the courses and seminars to count towards the Ph.D. students must obtain a grade of B or higher. All students must take the following courses:
Hispanic Critical and Cultural Theory
Spanish as an Object of Historical Inquiry.
Students enrolled in the Hispanic linguistics track must take
Fundamentals of Hispanic Linguistics
Spanish in Social Context.
All students must follow a course of study approved by the Executive Officer.
One out of the four sections of the First Examination must be written in English.
Hispanic Linguistics Track
The goals of the First Examination are:
1. To provide students with solid preparation in two areas of sociolinguistics and working familiarity with the main themes that run across the humanities and social sciences
2. To support their professional development as Spanish teachers and language educators
3. To consolidate students´ knowledge of the grammatical structure of Spanish
With these goals in mind, the First Examination consist of three components:
1. The sociolinguistics and politics of Spanish
2. Language pedagogy
3. The structure of Spanish
COMPONENT 1: The Sociolinguistics and Politics of Spanish
The first component of the exam will be organized around
o two research paradigms and
o two sets of topics
o RESEARCH PARADIGMS
1. Social dialectology, variationism and linguistic attitudes
2. Glottopolitical studies, linguistic ideologies and the political economy of language
3. Linguistic ethnography
4. Interaction, discourse, and textual analysis
5. Linguistic history and the archive
Typically at the beginning of their second semester in the program, students will meet with the Hispanic sociolinguistics track coordinator and choose two research paradigms. In close consultation with the coordinator and a three-member faculty examination committee, students will then develop a list of ten article-length texts for each of the research paradigms. The examination committee will mentor students as they select these texts and guide their reading to connect the chosen research paradigms’ relevance to the study of the items in the following topics lists.
Set 1. Topics that articulate research across the humanities and social sciences:
· Nationalism; colonialism and neocolonialism; imperialism; globalization; capitalism and neoliberalism; class; identity, ethnicity and race; indigeneity; mestizaje; hybridization; migration and diaspora; border; gender and sexuality; social movements; memory and history; literacy and writing.
Set 2. Sociolinguistic topics and their relevance in Latin America, the Iberian Peninsula and the US:
· Variation in Spanish; interaction and politeness in Spanish; dialects and attitudes; Spanish in contact with other languages; the defense of minoritized languages in conflict with Spanish; the officialization of bilingualism and multilingualism; language policy and regional integration (EU, Mercosur); Spanish as a minoritized language in the US; the standardization of Spanish and the normative question; the intralinguistic, social and political history of Spanish; teaching Spanish as a FL; teaching Spanish to heritage speakers.
The exam for this component will be take-home. The examination committee will prepare four questions for each student, two from each of the chosen research paradigms, that will be handed to them on the day when the first examination is scheduled by the program. Students will select one question from each paradigm, write responses (each of approximately 2000 words) and turn them in seventy two hours later.
COMPONENT 2: Language pedagogy
Under the supervision of and with advise from the examination committee, typically in the course of their first and/or second semester in the program, students will design two syllabi for undergraduate courses that will be submitted to the examination committee on the day when the first examination is scheduled by the program.
o One for a sociolinguistics course
and one from the following two categories:
o An elementary/intermediate or advanced course for speakers of languages other than Spanish
o A course for heritage speakers
Each syllabus must contain
· an introductory description to the course including learning goals and a rationale for the course’s structure and contents
· a detailed identification of contents, assignments and homework for each lesson distributed in 14 weeks
· an evaluation system linked to the course’s learning goals
· a statement of the teaching methodology to be used
COMPONENT 3: The structure of Spanish
This will be a teaching demonstration. Students will be given two topics selected by the examination committee out of the topics listed below (one from each block).
Block 1 (Chapters from Hualde, 2014):
1. Las vocales del español comparadas con las del inglés: fonética y fonología
2. Sonidos consonánticos nasales y su distribución fonológica
3. Diferencias dialectales en el inventario fonémico
4. Las consonantes fricativas y africadas y su comportamiento dialectal
5. Las consonantes líquidas y su comportamiento dialectal
6. Las consonantes oclusivas en español e inglés
7. Alternancia morfofonológica entre diptongo y vocales medias
8. La estructura silábica del español
9. El sistema acentual del latín y el español
10. La entonación en español
Block 2 (From Muñoz-Basols et al, 2017, and from Nueva gramática de la lengua española):
1. Morfemas y la formación de palabras (cap. 3 in Muñoz-Basols et al. 2017)
2. Oraciones simples, compuestas y yuxtapuestas (cap. 4 in Muñoz-Basols et al. 2017)
3. Las relaciones semánticas entre palabras (cap. 5 in Muñoz-Basols et al. 2017)
4. El pronombre personal: caracterización, formas, relaciones decorreferencia y pronombres átonos (pags. 299 to 315 in Nueva gramática de la lengua española)
5. El pronombre personal: Leísmo, laísmo, loísmo; Pronombres átonos en duplicación de complementos; formas de tratamiento (pags. 315 to 325 in Nueva gramática de la lengua española)
6. Impersonales con se e impersonales reflejas; la pasiva refleja (pags. 782 to 788 in Nueva gramática de la lengua española)
7. Los actos de habla (cap. 5 in Muñoz-Basols et al. 2017)
8. Las funciones informativas: tópico, foco y adverbios de foco (pags 753 to 766 in Nueva gramática de la lengua española)
The questions have been elaborated from the following texts:
· Javier Muñoz-Basols, Nina Moreno, Inma Taboada, and Manel Lacorte. 2017. Introducción a la lingüística hispánica actual : Teoría y práctica. New York, NY: Routledge.
· Nueva gramática de la lengua española: Manual. 2010. Madrid: Espasa.
· José Ignacio Hualde. 2014. Los sonidos del español. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
THE DAYS OF THE EXAM
10:00 a.m. Submit syllabi (C2)
Receive one topic in each area (C3)
4:30 p.m. Teaching demonstration (20 minutes presentation & 10 minutes questions)
Receive set of four questions and select two (C1)
Day 2 Submit answers to C1 questions
The Second Examination has a written and an oral component. In consultation with a committee of three faculty members from LAILAC appointed by the Executive Officer, each student must identify two areas of concentration, prepare an annotated bibliography for each, and write an original research paper related to one or both areas. Possible areas of concentration include but are not limited to the socio-political history of Spanish; language policy and planning in Latin America, Spain and/or the U.S.; linguistic ideologies in the Spanish-speaking world; the pragmatics of Spanish; intercultural communication; variationist sociolinguistics and Spanish in the U.S.; Columbia School and the syntax of Spanish.
Each annotated bibliography will consist of approximately 50 articles and book chapters (full books may be included and their equivalency to number of articles must be approved by the exam committee chair). Individual entries must consist of a brief summary of the article or chapter‘s goals and conclusions. The recommended length for each entry is 300 words (longer when annotating book-length texts). Each bibliography must be preceded by a brief essay describing the area and justifying the selection of articles, book chapters, and books. The description of each area must include a precise identification of the objects of study, the preferred methods used within the field, and the theoretical framework that informs the existing approaches to said field. Each essay must have approximately 1500 words.
The research paper must contain a clear statement of the project’s position within the field, a review of the relevant literature, a well-organized presentation of the collected data, a coherent analysis, and a conclusion that highlights the project’s original contribution. The paper must have approximately 7000 words.
The oral exam will consist of a 30-minute presentation by the student based on the research paper. The presentation will be followed by questions from committee members that may refer to all components of the exam (research paper and annotated bibliographies).
Bibliographies and paper must be handed to all committee members at least twenty one days before the date of the oral exam.