The author of an extensive body of works that includes short stories, novels, plays, essays on the art of fiction, and scripts for television and film, Jaume Cabré is among the most celebrated and critically recognized writers of fiction in contemporary Catalan literature. This lecture aims to understand Cabré’s most recent works as artistic interventions on the debates about the understanding of history and the transmission of memory —a critical issue in both contemporary art and thought. In Cabré’s work we find a way of constructing fiction (a poetics) that brings to the fore the predicaments that need to be faced in order to answer the ethical challenges of historical memory: why should we care about and recognize the victims of past violence? Who is entitled to give and receive recognition? How can one recover the experience of those who have disappeared? What is the nature —both the mechanisms and dilemmas— of such a recovery? What is the role of art and imagination in that process?