Speech, Language, and Hearing Sciences
SPCH 70500 Speech Science
This is a basic course which includes topics in speech acoustics, articulation, and speech perception. Lectures and discussions are accompanied by a laboratory in which students learn basic acoustical analysis, direct measurement of articulators and perceptual testing techniques.
SPCH 70600 Hearing Science
This course will provide a background in the anatomy, mechanics physiology of the auditory periphery (outer, middle and inner ear) and the anatomy and physiology of the central nervous system, in addition to an introduction to psychoacoustics (the perception of auditory stimuli). The laboratory experience will consist of acoustic and psychoacoustic research. Students will be expected to complete experimental tasks using available equipment and write up the results of their experiments.
SPCH 70700 Language Science
The purpose of this class is to introduce students to the theoretical constructs, methods and terminology of the Language Sciences. Students will become familiar with the major theoretical approaches (e.g., Principle and Parameters; Non-linear Phonology), and the principal methods (e.g., grammaticality judgments, psycholinguistic experiments), and the basic terminology (e.g., feature, agreement, prototype, cohesion) used in linguistics, psycholinguistics, and neurolinguistics.
SPCH 71300 Neurophysiology of Language
This course will explore the theoretical views and methodologies applied by different disciplines to the study of the neurophysiology of language. Hypotheses concerning how language is organized and processed in the brain have been generated from linguistic, neurophysiological and neurological theories. Behavioral, neurophysiological, and neuroanatomical evidence will be used to critically examine these hypotheses and theories. The advantages and limitations of methods (e.g., dichotic listening, electrophysiology, functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging, etc.), and populations (e.g., aphasics, specific language impairment, William's syndrome, etc.) used to understand the neurophysiology of language will also be discussed.
SPCH 71500 Introduction to Neurolinguistics
Prerequisite: Speech and Hearing 709 or equivalent
The goal of this course is to acquaint students with the basic principles of studying the relation between language processing and the brain. Because neuroimaging studies are now becoming of great interest in the field, we will use a textbook that reviews the 'standard beliefs' and read coupled behavioral and imaging articles pertinent to the populations discussed in it (e.g., aphasics, right-brain-damaged patients, bilinguals).
In addition to the content, students will learn the structure of scientific articles and presentations in the field, learn how to read/listen to a research paper critically, learn, along with me, how to use the internet critically for research, and practice oral-presentation skills.
SPCH 71700 The Acquisition of Language
Prerequisite: Statistical Methods in Psychology I and II (PSYC70500 and PSYC70600)
SPCH 71900 Doctoral Research
The overall goal is to provide students with a sound overview of scientific research to prepare them to begin doctoral research. Students’ ability to apply the scientific method to speech, language, and hearing research will be advanced. Students will refine their ability to evaluate the research literature, formulate a research question, and develop a research design.
SPCH 76400 Instrumentation for Research in Speech and Hearing Sciences
In this course students are introduced to various pieces of software and hardware, along with laboratory techniques common to research in the speech, language, and hearing sciences. This course covers the basic principles underlying the generation, recording and analysis of sound. Through lecture, hands-on experience, and structured experiments, students learn to use the basic tools that are important for research in this field. The emphasis of the course is on gaining practical, hands-on experience, with a variety of software and hardware.
The goal of this course is to prepare students to make sound decisions regarding laboratory instrumentation for their research experiments. One way to accomplish this goal is to expose students to hands-on experience with the software, hardware and laboratory techniques that are common to some extent to speech, language, and hearing research. At completion of the course, students will have an understanding of basic pieces of software, equipment, and laboratory techniques relevant to research in the speech, language, and hearing sciences.
SPCH 80400 Seminar in Speech Perception
Speech perception seems simple because all typically developing humans perform it easily, but humans are biologically geared to overcome the complications thanks to thousands of years of evolution. In this class, we will explore some of the phenomena that show speech perception to be quite involved, such variability, categoricity, categorical perception, loss of phonetic sensitivity during acquisition, and the effect of first language on second language perception. Major theories, such as Quantal Theory, the Motor Theory, acoustic theories generally and exemplar theory, will be discussed in detail. Implications for linguistic sound systems, language impairment, and second language learning will be explored. The course assumes familiarity with phonetics.
SPCH 80500 Seminar in Speech Production
This class will examine the ways in which language is expressed by the human vocal tract. Combining insights from motor control studies and linguistic analysis, the theoretical side of the class will explore the intricacies of expressing the meaningful elements of a language’s phonology. This will be combined with more practical examination of various means of measuring articulation: electroglottography (EGG),
static palatography, optical tracking, electromagnetic articulometry, and ultrasound. Applications to special populations and to cross-language comparisons will be discussed. The final project will either be a survey paper or a small physiological experiment. Familiarity with phonetics is assumed.
SPCH 80700 Seminar in Language Science
The purpose of this class is to introduce students to the theoretical constructs, methods and terminology of the Language Sciences and the application of these theories to the understanding of typical and atypical language behavior. Students will become familiar with the major theoretical approaches (e.g., Principle and Parameters; Non-linear Phonology), the principal methods (e.g., grammaticality judgments, psycholinguistic experiments), and the basic terminology (e.g., feature, agreement, prototype, cohesion) used in linguistics, psycholinguistics, and neurolinguistics.
SPCH 80800 Seminar in Hearing Science
Selected topics in hearing science are systematically explored. Topics involve the processing and perception of sound, including speech, by a normal or impaired auditory system. The anatomy, physiology, or psychophysical bases of sound detection and perception may be explored, along with procedures, instrumentation, and techniques employed in hearing science research. Topics vary from semester to semester and are announced in advance.
SPCH 80900 Seminar in Speech Science
The Seminar in Speech Science addresses subparts of the field in greater detail. Topics vary from semester to semester. In Speech Production, methods and tools for addressing typical and disordered generation of speech are examined. In Speech Perception, the many factors in hearing (and seeing) speech, and the many competing theoretical accounts for the process, are in focus. The theory of Articulatory Phonology, which takes gestures as linguistic primitives, receives extensive examination in another semester.
SPCH 81500 Seminar in the Neurolinguistics of Bilingualism
This course will review the current and earlier literature on brain representation and processing of bilingualism and multilingualism. The neurolinguistic methods included are the study of spared and impaired language functions in individuals with aphasia, imaging techniques like fMRI and ERP, and language and cognition in special populations (talented and poor L2 learners, conference interpreters). We will treat the following foci of neurolinguistics research on bilingualism: the phenomena associated with bilingual and multilingual aphasia, research on treatment of multilinguals with aphasia, age-of-acquisition variables, neuroimaging studies of bilingual processing, aging bilingual brains.
SPCH 81700 Bilingual Effects in Speech Perception and Production
The first language we learn exerts a strong influence on our phonetic perception and production. How does acquisition of two languages influence these processes? If the phonetic categories differ are both represented? Are they equal or does one language have to dominate? This course will explore the multiple effects that living with more than one language has on the mental organization of speech sounds and how factors, such as age of acquisition and types of experience affect perception and production of first and second language speech sounds.
SPCH 81800 Articulatory Phonology
Articulatory Phonology is a theory of the phonological structure of speech that takes the gesture as its main primitive. Phonological distinctions are based on the presence vs. absence of gestures, differences in specifications of the gestures (such as degree of constriction) and the temporal coordination of gestures within a unit. Certain phonological patterns fall out more naturally in this model than in feature-based systems, while the reverse is true for other patterns. This course will explicate and evaluate Articulatory Phonology both on its own terms and in relation to featural accounts. Possible redefinitions of clinical disorders (e.g., misarticulation of segments) in these terms will be explored.
SPCH 81900 Seminar in Electrophysiological Methods
This course focuses on electrophysiological methods applied to the empirical study of auditory, speech and language processing. Issues, such as stimulus selection and delivery, maximizing signal/noise ratio, as well as considerations of study length, fatigue factors, habituation, etc. will be discussed. Analysis approaches for data reduction, cleaning and source separation (e.g., global field power, principal components analysis, dipole analysis) will be introduced and discussed.
Speech and Language Pathology
SPCH 72000 Research Practicum
In this practicum, students will discuss the design and execution of an empirical research project. Progress will be measured from a required written paper that includes the methods and results (pilot or completed results).
SPCH 82000 Seminar in Neurobiology of Child Language Disorders
This course provides an in depth review of research on the neurobiology of child language disorders including autism, specific language impairment, and genetic syndromes such as Fragile X and Down Syndrome. The course will include a review of normal neurobiological development for language, methods of studying developmental neurobiology, and recent findings concerning the neurobiological deficits associated with language deficits in these children. Students will be expected to make a presentation and lead a discussion for one class session. They will also write a research proposal in journal article format.
SPCH 82200 Neuroscience of Aphasia
In this class we will briefly consider historical foundations of aphasia, then turn to current theories and data on aphasia, including imaging and treatment studies.
SPCH 82300 Cross language study of Aphasia
In this course we will review the literature on how aphasia manifests differently in different languages, considering the implications for linguistic and aphasiological theory. After I review the phenomena associated with aphasia that should be differently vulnerable across languages, students will choose a language to report on and introduce the class to the phonological, morphological, syntactic and pragmatic structures that might be expected to break down in aphasia in that language.
In the next set of classes, students will present on what is known about aphasia in the language they have chosen, leading the class in discussion of the papers they have selected (with me) for the entire class to read on the topic. For the final project, students will conduct original analyses of data from a patient who speaks that language, either from data they have available, or from the chapters in Menn and Obler, 1999.
SPCH 82400 Seminar in Autism
This course provides an overview of autism including current research on the biological (genetics and neurobiology), theories of autism, cognitive deficits; and social deficits. Language deficits will be the primary focus. Assessment and intervention will be discussed in detail. Students will be expected to make a presentation and lead a discussion for one class session. They will also write a research proposal in journal article format.
SPCH 82500 Seminar in Language in Aging and Dementia
In this course we will review the literature on language changes associated with healthy aging and those associated with the dementias, particularly Alzheimer’s Dementia and the Primary Progressive Aphasias. As well, we will consider the cognitive phenomena, themselves affected by dementia, that underlie declines in language and communication in the dementias.
SPCH 82600 Seminar in Child Language Disorders
This course provides an overview of child language disorders including current research of the bases of such disorders (e.g., linguistics, emergentist models, neurobiology, genetics), the types of disorders (specific language impairment, autism spectrum disorder, dyslexia, hearing disorder, Down Syndrome, Fragile X syndrome, and Williams syndrome), social context (African American English, bilingualism, cross-linguistic), disorder areas (syntax, morphosyntax, semantics, reading and writing, processing speed, attention and perception, working memory) and research methods (production, comprehension, neuroscience, intervention, and assessment). Students will be expected to make a presentation and lead a discussion for one class session. They will also write a research proposal in journal article format.
SPCH 82800 Research in Methods in Language
This course focuses on research design and research methods used to explore language production, comprehension and acquisition (behavioral methods, ERPs, imaging, eye tracking and pupillometry). Topics include: scientific explanation and theory, the development of research hypotheses, quantitative methods, research approaches and designs, methodological issues, ethical issues, research criticism, research reporting and research proposals.
SPCH 82900 Seminar in Typical and Atypical Bilingual Development
This course provides an in depth review of research on language development in children acquiring more than one language with and without language disorders. Introductory material will include the nature of typical bilingual development and early second language acquisition, and cross-linguistic characteristics of child language disorders. The course will also cover the nature of language deficits in bilingual children with language disorders, approaches to assessment, and intervention. Students will be expected to make a presentation and lead a discussion for one class session. They will also write a research proposal in journal article format.
Clinical Audiology and Hearing Impairment
SPCH 80100 Factors Affecting Auditory Evoked Potentials
Auditory evoked and event-related potentials are now widely used for research in the Speech-Language-Hearing Sciences. In order to understand and interpret the results from atypical populations, it is critical to have a thorough knowledge of the factors influencing these potentials. This course will examine these factors in the context of current research that applies these potentials to the speech, language and hearing sciences. Students will design research proposals that take into account relevant parametric factors related to stimulus presentation and data collection/analysis as well as participant-related issues involving language, cognition, memory and hearing.
SPCH 80200 Speech Perception and Hearing Loss
This course covers speech perception by listeners with hearing loss. Areas covered include: acoustics of speech perception, effects of hearing loss, role of vision, role of auditory prostheses, effects of distance, background noise and reverberation, role of auditory training and other habilitative strategies and lifespan issues. Students will become familiar with the theoretical and practical issues underlying speech perception performance in listeners with hearing loss and will use the knowledge gained to develop important and well-designed research proposals. In each class session, students will read and present on key papers relevant to the topic. Current research as well as other key papers will be included.
SPCH 84200 The Acoustic Change Complex
This course will examine current research involving the acoustic change complex (ACC) and place this response in the context of what is known regarding the P1-N1-P2 complex elicited by sound onset. The nature of the ACC, its role in auditory processing and its potential value as a tool for translational research will be examined. In addition, discussion of how the ACC complements other neurophysiologic indices of acoustic change processing such as mismatch negativity and P3 will be included. Students will propose a research project involving the ACC. In addition, students will gain experience in recording and analyzing the ACC via a class exercise.
SPCH 84300 Cochlear Implants
This course covers selected topics in cochlear implants with a focus on current literature and trends. Students will read current and classic papers on each topic and will present on current papers in class. They will also write a review paper on a relevant topic of interest.
SPCH 84400 Psychophysics of Sensorineural Hearing Loss
SPCH 84500 Speech Perception in Bilingual Listeners with Hearing Loss
This course will examine current research in the area of speech perception in bilingual listeners with hearing loss. The theoretical models of speech perception in bilinguals and theoretical models of speech perception in listeners with hearing loss will be examined and implications for the combination of hearing loss and bilingualism will be discussed.
The goal of this course is to become familiar with the historical, theoretical and practical issues in this area of research in order to develop important and well-designed research project proposals.
SPCH 79300 The Responsible Conduct of Research (Research Ethics)
This course will include discussion and readings concerning ethical and practical issues in the history of the protection of human subjects, current human subject practices, the IRB review process, plagiarism; authorship, intellectual property, conflict of interest, the ethical conduct of research, scientific misconduct, sexual harassment policy, and equal opportunity policies.
SPCH 79400 College Teaching
This course will focus on a wide range of issues dealing with college teaching. The topics covered will include, but not be limited to, teaching methodology, testing, grading, searching for a full-time position, interviewing, tenure, and promotion. There will be assigned readings for each class meeting. At approximately two of our meetings, guest speakers will be invited to speak to the class and take part in our discussion. These speakers will include undergraduate students, graduate students, and newly appointed full-time faculty. This course is aimed at providing a thorough overview of life as a faculty member and should be particularly useful to those who plan a career in academia.
SPCH 79500 Professional Issues Seminar
This course focuses on mentor-mentee relationships, writing, revising, and reviewing for publication; grant writing, reviewing, and revising; job hunting and interviewing; and academic career development. Students will gain experience in writing for publication, grant-writing, editing, reviewing, and planning for job searches, interviews and career development.
SPCH 79600 Special Problems
SPCH 89800 Independent Study
SPCH 89900 Dissertation Seminar
Students preparing their dissertation proposals enroll in this seminar. The class meets once every month and is attended by students preparing proposals, the faculty based at the Graduate School (i.e., Martin, Obler, Schwartz, Shafer and Whalen), and the Executive Officer. Students report monthly progress on the development of their dissertation proposals, and are required to make two major presentations at different stages of their proposals during the academic year (review of the literature and research question; research design including results of pilot data).
SPCH 90000 Dissertation Supervision