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Selected Publications

Selected Publications

Zane, E., & Shafer, V. (2018). Mixed metaphors: Electrophysiological brain responses to (un)expected concrete and abstract prepositional phrases. Brain Research, 1680, 77–92.[]

Wagner, M., Shafer, V. L., Haxhari, E., Kiprovski, K., Behrmann, K., & Griffiths, T. (2017). Stability of the Cortical Sensory Waveforms, the P1-N1-P2 Complex and T-Complex, of Auditory Evoked Potentials.Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing ResearchJSLHR, 60(7), 2105–2115.[]

Yu, Y.H.  Shafer V.L., Sussman E.S.  (2017). Neurophysiological and behavioral responses of Mandarin lexical tone processing. Frontiers in neuroscience. 2017; 11:95.[]

Rinker, T., Shafer, V. L., Kiefer, M., Vidal, N., & Yu, Y. H. (2017). T-complex measures in bilingual Spanish-English and Turkish-German children and monolingual peers. PloS One, 12(3), e0171992.[]

Hisagi M, Shafer VL, Miyagawa S, Kotek H, Sugawara A, Pantazis D.Second-Language Learning Effects on Automaticity of Speech Processing of Japanese Phonetic Contrasts: An MEG study.[] Brain Res. 2016 Oct 6. pii: S0006-8993(16)30697-7. doi: 10.1016/j.brainres.2016.10.004. [Epub ahead of print] PMID:27720855

Cantiani, C., Choudhury, N., Yu, Y., Shafer, V., Schwartz, R., & Benasich, A.A. (2016). From Sensory Perception To Lexical-Semantic Processing: An ERP Study In Non-Verbal Children With Autism.PLOS1.[]PMID: 27560378

Rota-Donahue, C., Schwartz, R. G., Shafer, V., & Sussman, E. S. (2016). Perception of Small Frequency Differences in Children with Auditory Processing Disorder or Specific Language Impairment.Journal of the American Academy of Audiology, 27(6), 489–497.[].

Neumann Y[]Epstein B[]Shafer VL[] 2016. .Electrophysiological indices of brain activity to content and function words in discourse Int J Lang Commun Disord.[] 2016 Sep;51(5):546-55. doi: 10.1111/1460-6984.12230. Epub 2016 Mar 15. PMID: 26992119

MacRoy-Higgins, M., Shafer, V. L., Fahey, K. J., & Kaden, E. R. (2016). Vocabulary of Toddlers Who Are Late Talkers. Journal of Early Intervention, 38(2), 118–129.[]

Hisagi, M., Shafer, V.L., Strange, W. & Sussman, E. (2015). Neural measures of a Japanese consonant length discrimination by Japanese and American English listeners: Effects of attention.[].Brain Research 1626. pp. 218-231. PMID:26119918

Shafer VL, Yu YH, Wagner M (2015). Maturation of cortical auditory evoked potentials (CAEPs) to speech recorded from frontocentral and temporal sites: Three months to eight years of age.  Int J Psychophysiol. 95(2). 77-93. PMID: 25219893.

Shafer VL, Yu YH, Wagner M (2014). Maturation of cortical auditory evoked potentials (CAEPs) to speech recorded from frontocentral and temporal sites: Three months to eight years of age.  Int J Psychophysiol. Sep 13. pii: S0167-8760(14)01593-1. doi: 10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2014.08.1390. [Epub ahead of print]. PMID: 25219893
Näätänen R, Sussman ES, Salisbury D, Shafer VL. (2014). Mismatch negativity (MMN) as an index of cognitive dysfunction. Brain Topogr. Jul;27(4):451-66. doi: 10.1007/s10548-014-0374-6. Epub 2014 May 17. PMID: 24838819 [PubMed - in process]
Neumann Y, Epstein B, Yu YH, Benasich AA, Shafer V. 2014. An electrophysiological investigation of discourse coherence in healthy adults. Clin Linguist Phon. 2014 Apr 29. [Epub ahead of print]. PMID: 24779648 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Epstein B, Shafer VL, Melara RD, Schwartz RG (2014). Can children with SLI detect cognitive conflict? Behavioral and electrophysiological evidence.  J Speech Lang Hear Res. Aug;57(4):1453-67. doi: 10.1044/2014_JSLHR-L-13-0234. PMID: 24686792 [PubMed - in process]
Hisagi M, Garrido-Nag  K,. Datta H. & Shafer, V.L. (2014)  ERP indices of vowel processing in Spanish-English bilinguals. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition. DOI: 10.1017/S1366728914000170, Published online: 04 June 2014 pp 1 - 19.
Epstein B, Hestvik A, Shafer VL, Schwartz RG . (2013). ERPs reveal atypical processing of subject versus object Wh-questions in children with specific language impairment. Int J Lang Commun Disord. 2013 Jul-Aug;48(4):351-65. doi: 10.1111/1460-6984.12009. PMID: 23889832.
Wagner M, Shafer VL, Martin B, Steinschneider M. (2013). The effect of native-language experience on the sensory-obligatory components, the P1-N1-P2 and the T-complex. Brain Res. 2013 Jul 19;1522:31-7. PMID: 23643857
MacRoy-Higgins, M., Schwartz, R. G., Shafer, V. L. and Marton, K. (2012). Influence of
phonotactic probability/ neighbourhood density on lexical learning in late talkers. International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Shafer, VL, Yu, YH & Garrido-Nag, K. (2012). Electrophysiological indices of vowel discrimination in monolingually and bilingually exposed infants:  Does attention matter. Neuroscience Letters..Sep 20;526(1):10-4. Epub 2012 Aug 9. PMID: 22897876
Wagner, M. Shafer, VL, Martin B & Steinschneider,M. (2012). The phonotactic influence on the perception of a consonant cluster /pt/ by native English and native Polish listeners: A behavioral and event related potential (ERP) study. Brain Lang. Oct;123(1):30-41. Epub 2012 Aug 4. PMID:  22867752
Shafer, V.L., Yu, Y & Datta, H. (2011). The Development of English Vowel Perception in Monolingual and Bilingual Infants:  Neurophysiological Correlates Journal of Phonetics (Special Issue of Cross-linguistic speech perception). 39: 527-541. PMID22046059.
Shafer, V.L. Martin, B.,. & Schwartz, R.G. (2011). Evidence of deficient central speech processing in children with specific language impairment: the T-complex. (2011). Clinical Neurophysiology. 122(6):1137-55. PMID 21147550.
Hisagi, M., Shafer, V.L., Strange, W. & Sussman, E. (2010). Perception of Japanese Vowel Length Contrast contrasts by Japanese and American English listeners: Behavioral and Electrophysiological Measures. Brain Research. 1360: 89-105 PMID: 20816759.

Shafer, V.L., & Sussman, E. (2010). Predicting the future: ERP markers of language risk in infancy. Clinical Neurophysiology. PMID: 20674485

Shafer, V.L , Yu Y. & Datta H. (2010). Maturation of electrophysiological mismatch responses (MMR) to vowel contrasts in four to seven year-old children. Ear and Hearing. PMID: 20562625

Shafer, V.L & Garrido-Nag, K. The neurodevelopmental basis of speech and language. (2007). The Handbook of Language Development (M. Shatz, E. Hoff, Eds.). Oxford: Blackwell.

Shafer, V.L , Morr, M.L., Datta H. Kurtzberg, D & Schwartz, R.G. (2005). Neurophysiological indices of speech processing deficits in children with specific language impairment. Journal of Cognitive Neurosciences 17, 1168-1180.

Strange, W. & Shafer, V.L. (2008). Speech perception in second language learners: the re-education of selective perception. Zampini, M., & Hansen, J. (eds). Phonology and Second Language Acquisition. Cambridge University Press.

Shafer, V.L., Schwartz, R.G., & Kurtzberg, D. (2004). Language-specific memory traces of consonants in the brain. Cognitive Brain Research, 18. 242-254.

Morr, M.L., Shafer, V.L., Kreuzer, J., & Kurtzberg, D. (2002). Maturation of mismatch negativity in infants and pre-school children. Ear and Hearing. 23, 118-136.

Neumann, Y. Obler L.K. , Gomes, H., Shafer, V.L. (In press). Phonological vs. sensory contributions to age effects in naming: An electrophysiological study. Aphasiology.

Datta H., Shafer, V.L , Morr, M.L., Kurtzberg, D & Schwartz, R.G. (2010.) Brain discriminative responses to phonetically-similar long vowels in children with SLI. Journal of Speech Language Hearing Sciences, 53(3), 757-777.

Hisagi, M., Shafer, V.L., Strange, W. & Sussman, E. Perception of Japanese Vowel Length Contrast contrasts by Japanese and American English listeners: Behavioral and Electrophysiological Measures. Revised and resubmitted to Brain Research.

MacRoy-Higgins, M. Shafer, V.L., Marton, K. Schwartz, R.G. (The influence of phonotactic probability on early word perception). Submitted to The Journal of Child Language.


Elyse Sussman, Dominick P. Purpura Department of Neuroscience, Albert Einstein College of Medicine.

April Benasich, Center for Molecular & Behavioral Neuroscience
Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey