To achieve the doctorate in Biology, students must:
- Demonstrate both broad and specialized knowledge in the chosen biology subprogram, including the ability to:
- read and critically evaluate the research literature
- explain the experimental, observational, and/or analytical bases for current theories
- design an approach to address a major unresolved research problem
- Make a substantial and original contribution to the field. In most cases, this will include publication of one or more first-author papers in peer-reviewed journals, in addition to preparation of a dissertation.
- Organize, format, and present data effectively in both written and oral form, display applicable computational and quantitative skills, and demonstrate excellence in teaching.
- Interact effectively and collegially with others in the field and conform to the fundamentals of ethical research conduct.