- A History of Modern Iran (Cambridge University Press, 2008).
- Inventing the Axis of Evil: The Truth About North Korea, Iran, and Syria (Co-Authored, The New Press, 2004).
- Tortured Confessions: Prisons and Public Recantations in Modern Iran (University of California Press, 1999).
- Khomeinism: Essays on the Islamic Republic (University of California Press, 1993).
- The Iranian Mojahedin (Yale University Press, 1984).
- Iran Between Two Revolutions (Princeton, 1982).
Articles, Reviews, Essays:
"Public Confessions in Iran," in Rules and Rights in the Middle East (Edited by E. Goldberg, R. Kasaba, and J. Migdal) (University of Washington, 1993).
Articles for the Encyclopedia of the Modern Islamic World, the Encyclopedia of the Modern Middle East, and Encyclopedia Iranica.
"Ali Shariati: Ideologue of the Iranian Revolution," in Social Movements in the Middle East (Edited by E. Burk and I. Lapidus) (University of California Press, 1993).
Works in Progress:
- The 1953 Coup in Iran (New Press)
- Manuscript evaluator for University of California Press; Cambridge University Press; Oxford University Press; SUNY Press; Syracuse Press; and Yale University Press
- Fullbright Selection Committee (1990-1993)
Series Editor/Edit Oral Boards:
The Journal for Iranian Studies