Martin Ruck

Martin Ruck

Research Interests

  • Cognitive socialization at the intersection of race, ethnicity and social class
  • Children’s evaluations of social exclusion and intergroup relations
  • Children’s perceptions of human rights and social justice
  • Urban education
  • Youth civic engagement


  • Ph.D., University of Toronto

Martin D. Ruck is professor in the Departments of Psychology and Urban Education at the Graduate Center of the City University of New York. His work examines the overall process of cognitive socialization—at the intersection of race, ethnicity and class—in terms of children’s and adolescents’ thinking about human rights and social exclusion. He has recently extended his work on young people’s perceptions of their rights to the UK and South Africa. Currently, he is investigating how children’s perceptions of social exclusion and discrimination are influenced by their social experiences and interpretations of rights and justice.

He has authored or coauthored numerous book chapters and articles, and his work has appeared in such journals as Applied Developmental ScienceChild DevelopmentGroup Processes and Intergroup RelationsJournal of AdolescenceJournal of Applied Social PsychologyJournal of Early AdolescenceJournal of Research on AdolescenceJournal of Social Issues, and Journal of Youth and Adolescence. He serves on the editorial board for Child DevelopmentHuman Development, and the Journal of Social Issues.

Dr. Ruck also serves as Ombudsperson for Psychology and is available to all Psychology students to discuss matters of concern in complete confidentiality.