Rose-Carol Washton Long

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Research Interests

  • 19th and 20th Century European Art


  • PhD, Yale University, 1968

Professor of 19th and 20th Century European Art

Rose-Carol Washton Long is Professor Emerita of Art History at the Graduate Center of the City University of New York.  She has coedited anthologies on Jewish dimensions in modern visual culture (2010) and on Max Beckmann (2009), edited an anthology on German Expressionism documents (1995), and published a study of Kandinsky’s development of abstraction (1980); in addition, she has lectured at numerous museums, including the Museum of Modern Art, New York; the Neue Galerie New York; the Los Angeles County Museum of Art; and published essays in their exhibition catalogues.  Among her awards are a J. Clawson Mills Fellowship from the Metropolitan Museum, New York, a John Simon Guggenheim Fellowship, and a Younger Humanist Fellowship from the National Endowment for the Humanities.  Continuing her focus on Kandinsky with an essay “Is Der Blaue Reiter relevant for the twenty-first century? A discussion of anarchism, art and politics (1920), she has also recently published on the Weimar photographer Lotte Jacobi (1919). She was a founding member of the CAA-affiliated Historians of German, Scandinavia, and Central European Art and Architecture (HGSCEA). 

Book cover: Kandinsky: The development of an abstract style
Book cover: German Expressionism


  • Is the Blaue Reiter Relevant for the Twenty-First Century? A Discussion of Anarchism, Art, and Politics.” In The Blaue Reiter, edited by Dorothy Price, 15–33. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2020.
  • “Dangerous Portraits? Lotte Jacobi’s Photos of Uzbek and Tajik Women.” In Woman’s Art Journal, 40, no. 2 (Fall/Winter 2019): 14–23.
  • "Kandinsky and the Russian Revolution", a documentary with interviews by Kandinsky specialists and art historians of the Russian Revolution, BBC Radio, Jan. 8, 2017. download or stream the program from the BBC Radio 3 site.
  • "Kandinsky, Anarchism, and the Narrative of Modernism." In Practices of Abstract Art: Between Anarchism and Appropriation, edited by Isabel Wunsche and Wiebke Gronemeyer, 53–68. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2016.
  • "Constructing the Total Work of Art: Painting and the Public," in Vasily Kandinsky: From Blaue Reiter to the Bauhaus, 1910-1925., Ed. Jill Lloyd. New York: Neue Galerie New York, 2013.
  • "August Sander's Portraits of Persecuted Jews," Tate Papers 19 (April 2013).
  • “Modernity as Anti-Nostalgia: The Photograph Books of Tim Gidal and Moshe Vorobeichic and the Eastern European Shtetl” in Ars Judaica 7(2011): 67-82.
  • “Brücke, German Expressionism and the Issue of Modernism” in New Perspectives on Brucke Expressionism: Bridging History, ed. Christian Weikop. Ashgate, 2011: 11-30.
  • With Matthew Baigell and Milly Heyd. Jewish Dimensions in Modern Visual Culture: Antisemitism, Assimilation, Affirmation. University Press of New England, 2009; "Introduction" with Baigell and Heyd; "George Grosz, Otto Dix, and the Philistines: The German Jewish Question in the Weimar Republic.”
  • With Maria Makela. Of “Truths Impossible to Put in Words”: Max Beckmann Contextualized. Peter Lang, 2009. “Introduction” with Maria Makela and “Ambivalence - Personal and Political: Beckmann’s Print Portfolios, 1919 -1924.”
  • “From Metaphysics to Material Culture: Painting and Photography at the Bauhaus.” In Bauhaus Culture: From Weimar to the Cold War. Ed. Kathleen James-Chakraborty. University of Minnesota Press, 2006.
  • German Expressionism: Documents from the End of the Wilhelmine Empire to the Rise of National Socialism, annotated edition, G.K. Hall & Co./Macmillan, 1993; paperback edition, University of California Press, 1995.
  • Kandinsky: The Development of an Abstract Style. Clarendon Press of Oxford University, 1980.
  • With John Bowlt. The Life of Vasily Kandinsky in Russian Art: A Study of "On the Spiritual in Art." Oriental Research Partners, 1980.